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Armenia Travel Guide

Last Updated: May 4, 2023

Mount Ararat and the Yerevan skyline in Armenia

Straddling the divide between Asia and Europe , Armenia might be one of the final travel frontiers left on the planet for adventurous backpackers. Visiting Armenia isn’t often on a traveler’s to-do list, despite its beautiful snowy mountain peaks and many perfectly preserved medieval monasteries.

But their loss is your gain as the country is virtually untouched by mass tourism.

Armenia’s history is complicated and often tragic, marked with countless years of warfare and the infamous Armenian Genocide in which the Ottoman government murdered 1.5 million Armenians in the early 1900s.

Learn more about the country’s past by visiting the many historical monuments and religious structures scattered around the country, including the 4th-century Etchmiadzin Cathedral and the Greco-Roman Temple of Garni.

Armenia’s dramatic landscape of jagged mountains and deep, rugged valleys — especially in the Geghama mountain range — is perfect for trekking, biking, and off-roading.

Moreover, Armenians love chatting with visitors. You don’t have to try hard to meet the locals here as they’re going to want to know why you are visiting since so few people do!

This travel guide to Armenia will help you plan your trip, save money, and make the most of your time in this underrated gem!

Table of Contents

  • Things to See and Do
  • Typical Costs
  • Suggested Budget
  • Money-Saving Tips
  • Where to Stay
  • How to Get Around
  • How to Stay Safe
  • Best Places to Book Your Trip
  • Related Blogs on Armenia

Top 5 Things to See and Do in Armenia

Republic Square, a central square with a large fountain, surrounded by historic buildings, in Yerevan, Armenia

1. See Mount Ararat

This dormant volcano is technically a part of Turkish territory and is believed to be the final resting spot of Noah’s Ark. While you can’t hike the mountain from Armenia, you can certainly admire it up close from the Khor Virap monastery, located just 50 kilometers (31 miles) from Yerevan!

2. Visit Yerevan

Known as Armenia’s “Pink City” for the rose-colored volcanic material used for much of the city’s buildings, Yerevan is home to wide tree-lined boulevards, busy town squares, and a thriving cafe culture. Try the city’s famous dark coffee; it’s rich, sweet, and packed with caffeine.

3. Go Skiing in Tsaghkadzor

Thanks to its mountainous terrain, Armenia has become a hit with extreme sports lovers. During the winter, Armenia is transformed into a ski and snowboarding haven. Tsaghkadzor ski resort in the Marmarik river valley is the most popular place to go. A day ticket costs 12,000 AMD.

4. Visit Dilijan National Park

Dilijan National Park is easily one of the most scenic destinations to visit in Armenia, boasting wide swatches of forested hills and green meadows home to thousands of plant species. Hike the well-marked trails to springs and monasteries or spend some time at scenic Parz Lake.

5. Visit the Genocide Museum

The Armenian Genocide Memorial & Museum stands as a powerful reminder of the genocide that took place in Armenia between 1915-1922 at the hands of the Ottoman Empire. Inside is a collection of photographs, documents, newspaper reports, and films curated to tell the story of this tragic event in Armenian history. Admission is free but donations are welcomed.

Other Things to See and Do in Armenia

1. take the cable car to tatev monastery.

This medieval monastery was built between the 9th-13th centuries and is unique thanks to its position on the edge of a deep gorge. The inside is covered in 10th-century frescoes and vaulted stone ceilings, while the exterior has many pointed domes and is surrounded by tall stone fortress walls that drop off immediately into the gorge below. There are stunning views and photography spots all around the complex as well. The only way to visit the monastery is by taking the cable car across a 5,752-meter cableway (the longest in the world) suspended 320 meters (1,049 feet) above the River Vorotan. The cable car ride takes around 15 minutes, and a round-trip ticket is 5,000 AMD. Tatev is about 3.5 hours from Yerevan.

2. Visit Shikahogh State Reserve

Shikahogh State Reserve is the second largest forest in Armenia and is home to some diverse wildlife including leopards, bears, wild goats, and vipers. There are lush mountain hiking trails (although they are not always well maintained) that lead you to Iron Age tombs, medieval churches and monasteries, waterfalls, crystal-clear springs, and even abandoned towns. The 11-kilometer (7-mile) route from Mount Khustup to Shishkert village is tough but incredibly scenic.

3. Swim in Lake Sevan

Also known as the “Armenian Sea,” Lake Sevan is a massive lake (it covers 5% of the country) located high in the Caucasus mountains. Known for its incredible biodiversity and stunningly stark landscapes, Lake Sevan is a popular destination for domestic and foreign travelers alike. Come here to relax in one of the lakeside villages, visit medieval monasteries, and swim in the lake (if it’s warm enough or you’re brave enough!). The lake is so high in altitude (1,900 meters above sea level) that if you sit on the riverbank, it almost looks like the river is running into the sky. You can wild camp here for free as well. Lake Sevan is around 65 kilometers (40 miles) from Yerevan. The most common way to get here is by marshrutka (minibus), which takes around an hour.

4. See Geghard Monastery

Geghard Monastery is a World Heritage-listed complex named from the lance that pierced Christ’s side at the crucifixion. The buildings are partially carved out of the mountains and surrounded by cliffs along the Azat River Gorge. Inside the 13th-century Avazan Chapel is a sacred spring that runs through the monastery, and the original reason for the founding of the area as a religious site back in the 4th century. Today, visitors fill up bottles to take the holy water home. Admission is free.

5. Visit the Echmiadzin Cathedral

Located only 20 kilometers (12 miles) from Yerevan, no visit to Armenia would be complete without seeing the Echmiadzin Cathedral. The cathedral was built following the country’s adoption of Christianity in 301 CE, making it the first country in the world to do so. The cathedral is the oldest in Armenia and is often cited as the oldest cathedral in the world. The cathedral’s museum has some fascinating artifacts, including a supposed piece of the cross on which Jesus was crucified, the spear that pierced Jesus’ side, and a piece of Noah’s Ark. Admission to the museum is 1,500 AMD.

6. Explore Gyumri

The city of Gyumri is one of Armenia’s most ancient settlements, dating back nearly 3,000 years. Starting from the busy Vardanants Square at the center of town, walk to the Kumayri Historic District, a sort of open-air museum filled with historic buildings like the Sev Ghul fortress and the Paris Hotel (used as a maternity hospital during Soviet times). Be sure to visit the Dzitoghtsyan Museum of Social Life (1,000 AMD entry), which showcases life in the area from the 19th century to the 1920s, or the Aslamazyan Sisters House-Museum (300 AMD entry), with works from two sisters who helped bring equality to Armenian women through their art.

7. Experience the healing waters of Jermuk

With over 40 natural thermal springs, Jermuk is the most popular spa town in Armenia, with a variety of resort hotels and spas (rooms start at 15,000 AMD). Get a free sample of healing mineral water from the Gallery of Water, where natural mineral water flows into 5 different stone urns, each with different healing properties and temperatures (be careful as some are very hot). While you’re there, make sure you venture to the Jermuk waterfall, which, at 70 meters tall (230 feet), is Armenia’s second-largest waterfall. Jermuk is about 3 hours from Yerevan.

8. Visit the Army of Stones

Karahunj, otherwise known as Zorats Karer (or Army of Stones in English), is Armenia’s oldest and most popular megalithic site. Located at an altitude of 1,770 meters (5,800 feet) on a rocky plateau, no one knows how these 200 stones got here. Even stranger is the fact that each stone has 5-centimeter holes in it. There are many different theories on how and why the stones are here, but the most popular theory is that the site was constructed in the 6th century BCE for stargazing.

9. Take a wine tasting tour

With over 500 unique and native varieties almost unknown to the world outside Armenia, taking a wine tour is a must for any wine lover. In fact, the oldest wine cave in the world (it’s 6,000 years old!) is near Areni. Sadly, during Soviet rule, many of the wineries were shut down. It is only in the last decade that Armenia has begun to reconnect with its winemaking roots. Wine tours from Yerevan start from 37,000 AMD for a tour of one winery and go up to around 75,000 AMD for a full-day tour.

10. Go to the Erebuni Historical & Archaeological Museum-Reserve

This archaeological site encapsulates the ancient Erebuni Fortress, which dates to 782 BCE, a whole three decades before Rome was even established, and after which the city of Yerevan was named. The entire complex is now an outdoor museum, with an indoor component as well. The museum contains more than 12,000 artifacts offering insights into Armenia’s ancient history and the establishment of the city of Yerevan. You’ll also learn about what daily life was like in the palace of Argishti I, one of the greatest kings of ancient Urartu. Admission is 1,000 AMD or 2,500 AMD with a guide.

11. See Noravank

Built in the 13th century, legend has it that when the Mongols conquered Armenia hundreds of years ago, it was God himself that saved the Noravank monastery. Delicately carved stonework and religious reliefs (including depictions of God) decorate the three churches here. Unlike the many other Armenian monasteries that are located on top of mountains and gorges, Noravank is set on the floor of a deep valley, with towering red cliffs rising up on either side of the complex. Visiting the site is free, though the museum is 500 AMD. The monastery is around 122 kilometers (76 miles) from Yerevan.

Armenia Travel Costs

Tatev hilltop monastery blanked in snow in Armenia

Accommodation – There are a limited number of hostels in Armenia and most of them are in the capital, Yerevan. A bed in a 4-6-bed dorm costs 5,000-7,500 AMD, while a bed in an 8-bed-dorm costs 3,000-4,000 AMD. A private double room in a hostel is around 10,000-15,000 AMD with a shared bathroom. Standard amenities include Wi-Fi and bedding. Free breakfast and shared kitchens are common as well (though not all hostels have them).

Camping is available around the country. For those not traveling with a tent, you can often rent them at the Tourist Information Centers. Wild camping is free, but if you prefer camping on a campsite, prices start at around 4,000 AMD per night for two people and a tent.

Budget hotels average around 8,000-9,850 AMD per night. Free Wi-Fi is standard and free breakfast is usually included.

Airbnb is available though the options are limited. Private rooms start around 10,000 AMD per night while entire homes/apartments average closer to 25,000 AMD.

Food – Armenia is a landlocked country with a long history of trade, meaning that Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and Eastern European countries have all left their mark on the country’s cuisine.

Fresh and dried herbs create flavorful dishes, and common spices include black pepper, sumac, cumin, mint, and cinnamon. Staple vegetables include eggplant, cucumber, bell pepper, tomato, and onion. Legumes, especially chickpeas and lentils, are also used as central ingredients in many dishes. Pork, lamb, and beef are the most common meats. Though meat is predominant in the cuisine, because of the fasting periods in the Armenian Apostolic religion, there are many traditional dishes that are entirely plant-based as well.

Common dishes include a variety of cold salads, yogurt soups, boereg (filled pastry pies), bozbash (lamb stew), khorovats (grilled meat skewers), tolma (stuffed grape leaves), kyufta (a type of meatball), and harissa (a porridge that’s considered Armenia’s national dish). Traditional lavash bread, a flatbread made from wheat and baked in a clay oven, is integral to Armenian cuisine and is served with most meals.

Street food like shawarma or lahmajun (Armenian pizza) costs less than 1,000 AMD, and a glass of tan (a salty yogurt drink) shouldn’t be more than 300 AMD.

For an inexpensive meal at an Armenian restaurant, expect to pay around 1,250-2,750 AMD for traditional food like spa (an extra creamy soup), kyufta (meatballs), or Armenian cheese with basturma (dried meat with spices) wrapped in a piece of Armenian pita bread.

Higher-end or Western restaurants cost about 6,000-8,500 AMD per meal. Even Chinese takeout restaurants, normally a mainstay of the budget traveler, are more expensive than Armenian meals, costing at least 3,800 AMD for a dish.

In terms of drinks, expect to pay 600 AMD for a beer, 700 AMD for a glass of Armenian wine, 1,000-1,500 AMD for a cocktail, 800 AMD for a cup of Armenian coffee, and 1,200 AMD for a cappuccino.

If you plan on cooking your own meals, a week’s worth of groceries should cost around 12,000-16,000 AMD but, with food prices being so low, it’s better to eat street food and enjoy the food the country has to offer!

Backpacking Armenia Suggested Budgets

On a backpacking budget of about 17,500 AMD per day, you can stay in a hostel dorm (or camp), eat street food or at inexpensive restaurants, cook some of your meals, use local transportation (including some intercity buses), limit your drinking, and stick to mostly free or cheap activities like hiking and museum visits.

On a mid-range budget of about 43,000 AMD, you can stay in a private hostel or Airbnb, eat any budget restaurant meal you want, enjoy a few drinks, take some taxis to get around, take intercity trains, and do more paid activities like ride the cable car to Tatev Monastery and do a winery tour.

On a “luxury” budget of about 77,000 AMD per day, you can stay in a hotel, eat anywhere you want, drink more, rent a car to get around, and do whatever tours and activities you want. This is just the ground floor for luxury though. The sky is the limit!

Use the chart below to get an idea of how much you need to budget daily, depending on your travel style. Keep in mind these are daily averages – some days you’ll spend more, some days you’ll spend less (you might pay less every day). We want to give you a general idea of how to make your budget. Prices are in AMD.

Armenia Travel Guide: Money-Saving Tips

Armenia isn’t going to break your bank. There are so many free activities here, especially if you’re enjoying the outdoors, that it’s hard to spend a lot. Throw in cheap food, beer, and accommodation, and you can really stretch your budget here. However, if you’re looking to lower your expenses even more, here are some ways to save money in Armenia:

  • Take a free walking tour – Yerevan Free Walking Tour is a great way to get familiar with the city and the culture. Just be sure to tip your guide at the end!
  • Hitchhike and wild camp – If you really want to save money in Armenia, it is one of the easiest countries in the world to hitchhike. You will likely never wait long. Wild camping is also legal, and it is very common for friendly Armenians to invite you to their home for food so bring a tent when you visit.
  • Cook your own meals – Some hostels here don’t include kitchen facilities, so if you want to save money, make sure you book accommodation that does so you can buy cheap groceries and cook some meals.
  • Stay with a local – If you plan ahead, you can usually find a Couchsurfing host that can provide free accommodation and share their insider tips with you. It’s the best way to save money and meet locals.
  • Enjoy the free spaces – There are plenty of free parks as well as many free hiking trails around the country. Save your budget and enjoy the outdoors!
  • Pack a water bottle – The tap water here isn’t really safe to drink so bring a reusable water bottle with a filter to save money and reduce your reliance on plastic bottles. My preferred bottle is LifeStraw because it has a built-in filter to ensure your water is always clean and safe.

Where to Stay in Armenia

There are very few hostels in Armenia, and the few they have are in Yerevan and Tsaghkadzor. My suggested places to stay are:

  • Envoy Hostel (Yerevan)
  • MGA Hostel and Tours (Yerevan)
  • Kantar Hostel (Yerevan)
  • Hostel Tsaghkadzor (Tsaghkadzor)

How to Get Around Armenia

Sweeping landscape with vineyards, a monastery, and mountain in the background in Armenia

Public transportation – Public transportation isn’t the best in Armenia. The public transport websites aren’t translated into English, so it is much better to ask at your hostels for guidance to help you use the local and intercity buses. In the cities, it is easy to walk from place to place.

Yerevan has five trolley bus routes with a ride costing around 50 AMD. There’s also a subway with one line and ten stations, and public buses. A one-way fare on the bus and subway is around 100 AMD.

If you’re flying into Zvartnots International Airport, you can reach the center of Yerevan by bus or taxi. Aerotaxi is the official airport taxi but be aware drivers often won’t turn on the meter, so you need to negotiate a price, which should be around 3,000 AMD. A bus is around 300 AMD.

Bus – Intercity transport in Armenia is best done by bus and minibus (marshrutka). Intercity buses are relatively inexpensive but navigating the bus stations can be tricky as English isn’t widely spoken. Ask in your hostel the day before for someone to help you work out which bus you need and then you will just have to look for that bus when you arrive at the station.

Bus fares average about 716 AMD per hour of travel, but even a short route can end up taking quite a while with lots of stops.

Trains – There are daily trains connecting Yerevan to Gyumri (3 hours), Yeraskh (1.5 hours), Araks (1 hour), Ararat (1 hour), and Hrazdan (1.5 hours). In the summer months, the Hrazdan line gets extended to Lake Sevan. One-way tickets cost between 3,500-12,500 AMD.

Train tickets to nearby cities outside of Armenia, such as Tbilisi, cost around 9,800-12,000 AMD for a one-way ticket. You can purchase tickets online at the official railway website, Railway.am .

The trains that run most regularly are slow trains that are Soviet-era relics, meaning they are uncomfortable and lack the usual amenities you might expect from trains. The express trains, however, are modern and air-conditioned. Unfortunately, these cost more and run less frequently.

Flying – There are only two international airports in Armenia so although air travel is possible, it is far from cost-effective. Often you don’t save much time due to layovers. A flight from Gyumri to Yerevan starts at 95,000 AMD. Only fly if you are short on time and flush with cash.

Car Rental – Driving is definitely the most convenient way to get around Armenia. Car rentals can sometimes be as low as 12,000 AMD per day, and the more days you book, the better the price. If you’re driving, make sure to get an International Driving Permit (IDP) in advance as you’ll need one for any vehicle rental.

When to Go to Armenia

The best time to visit Armenia is at the beginning or end of summer (May-June or September-October). During these months, the weather is mild, making it perfect for outdoor explorations. The temperature hovers around 20°C (68°F) but be aware that it can be very rainy throughout May and thunderstorms are common.

Summers are hot, with temperatures soaring as high as 35°C (95°F). Things tend to cool down in the evenings, however, with a gentle mountain breeze providing some welcomed relief after a long, hot day.

If you are visiting for skiing, December is the best winter month for hitting the slopes. Temperatures drop below freezing, and the northern regions receive a lot of snowfall. Cities like Yerevan get a lot quieter during these months as everyone hides from the cold.

You don’t have to worry about inflated prices or crowds even during the summer peak season. Armenia isn’t a very touristy destination, and you often have whole sites all to yourself.

How to Stay Safe in Armenia

Armenia is a very safe country to travel around — even if you’re traveling solo, and even as a solo female traveler. Violent crime here is rare.

There aren’t any specific scams to look out for either, though sometimes taxi drivers will try to overcharge you. You can avoid this by agreeing on a price before entering the taxi (ask your hotel/hostel staff for a price estimate if you’re not sure what to pay).

If you’re worried about getting ripped off you can read about common travel scams to avoid here .

Petty theft and pickpocketing are rare but can occur so always keep your valuables (specifically your wallet and phone) secure and out of reach. This is especially important in crowds or on busy public transportation.

Solo female travelers should feel safe here, though the standard precautions apply (never accept drinks from strangers, don’t leave your drink unattended at the bar, don’t walk around intoxicated at night, etc.).

If you rent a vehicle, don’t leave any valuables in it overnight. Break-ins are rare, but it’s always better to be safe than sorry.

There’s often political turmoil with neighbors so keep an eye out on that and avoid protests or demonstrations while in Armenia. Avoid the Nagorno-Karabakh region on the border with Azerbaijan due to armed conflict.

If you do experience an emergency, dial 112 for assistance.

Always trust your gut instinct. Make copies of your personal documents, including your passport and ID. Forward your itinerary along to loved ones so they’ll know where you are.

The most important piece of advice I can offer is to purchase good travel insurance. Travel insurance will protect you against illness, injury, theft, and cancellations. It’s comprehensive protection in case anything goes wrong. I never go on a trip without it as I’ve had to use it many times in the past. You can use the widget below to find the policy right for you:

Armenia Travel Guide: The Best Booking Resources

These are my favorite companies to use when I travel. They consistently have the best deals, offer world-class customer service and great value, and overall, are better than their competitors. They are the companies I use the most and are always the starting point in my search for travel deals.

  • Skyscanner – Skyscanner is my favorite flight search engine. They search small websites and budget airlines that larger search sites tend to miss. They are hands down the number one place to start.
  • Hostelworld – This is the best hostel accommodation site out there with the largest inventory, best search interface, and widest availability.
  • Booking.com – The best all around booking site that constantly provides the cheapest and lowest rates. They have the widest selection of budget accommodation. In all my tests, they’ve always had the cheapest rates out of all the booking websites.
  • HostelPass – This new card gives you up to 20% off hostels throughout Europe. It’s a great way to save money. They’re constantly adding new hostels too. I’ve always wanted something like this and glad it finallt exists.
  • Get Your Guide – Get Your Guide is a huge online marketplace for tours and excursions. They have tons of tour options available in cities all around the world, including everything from cooking classes, walking tours, street art lessons, and more!
  • The Man in Seat 61 – This website is the ultimate guide to train travel anywhere in the world. They have the most comprehensive information on routes, times, prices, and train conditions. If you are planning a long train journey or some epic train trip, consult this site.
  • Rome2Rio – This website allows you to see how to get from point A to point B the best and cheapest way possible. It will give you all the bus, train, plane, or boat routes that can get you there as well as how much they cost.
  • FlixBus – Flixbus has routes between 20 European countries with prices starting as low 5 EUR! Their buses include WiFi, electrical outlets, a free checked bag.
  • SafetyWing – Safety Wing offers convenient and affordable plans tailored to digital nomads and long-term travelers. They have cheap monthly plans, great customer service, and an easy-to-use claims process that makes it perfect for those on the road.
  • LifeStraw – My go-to company for reusable water bottles with built-in filters so you can ensure your drinking water is always clean and safe.
  • Unbound Merino – They make lightweight, durable, easy-to-clean travel clothing.
  • Top Travel Credit Cards – Points are the best way to cut down travel expenses. Here’s my favorite point earning credit cards so you can get free travel!

Armenia Travel Guide: Related Articles

Want more info? Check out all the articles I’ve written on backpacking/traveling Armenia and continue planning your trip:

19 Easy Ways to Save Money in Armenia

19 Easy Ways to Save Money in Armenia

Get my best stuff sent straight to you, pin it on pinterest.

  • Where To Stay
  • Transportation
  • Booking Resources
  • Related Blogs

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Travel to Armenia – Tips and Information Guide (2023)

From enjoying the world’s longest cable car ride through the mesmerising landscapes of Vorotan canyon to admiring some of the oldest monasteries on record, these are just some of the reasons you should travel to Armenia .

Travel To Armenia

When you travel in Armenia you will often wonder, how come more people aren’t placing Armenia higher on their bucket list?

Not a lot of nations can boast to have preserved their rich cultural heritage dating far back as the ancient times. The perfect examples being the town Yerevan, that is 28 years older then Rome or, their 6,000 year old wine making tradition!

This small country will draw you in with it’s capturing landscapes, ancient monuments and unparalleled hospitality. If you’re up for discovering one of Europe’s best kept secrets travel to Armenia!

Table of Contents

Things To Do In Yerevan

Accommodation in yerevan, restaurants in yerevan, nightlife in yerevan, things to do in tatev, accommodation in tatev, restaurants in tatev, accommodation in garni, accommodation in dilijan, an introduction on travel to armenia.

Armenia is not a country that often rings a bell with tourists, which is actually surprising given that it is such an interesting country with an incredibly old, rich and eventful history, fascinating culture and beautiful nature.

The hospitable inhabitants, delicious food and cheap prices, together with a lack of (western) tourists make it a wonderful destination.

The history of Armenia has been nothing short of eventful. It has seen countless invasion as its strategic position was the reason for constant fights over this territory, especially during the Ottoman-Persian wars (from the 16 th century).

Over the course of history numerous major conflicts afflicted the country. Already centuries ago Armenia was battling the Roman Empire (62), invading the Byzantine empire (1145) and losing west Armenia to Turkey while the rest of the country was being Sovietized (1920) to name a few.

Armenia has also been the subject of many mythical stories, like the stranding of the ark of Noach on Mt Ararat, the holy mountain of Armenia, or the conversion to Christianity.

Nowadays the country is mostly known for the horrors of the Armenian genocide and as the first country in the world that adopted Christianity as its state religion.

More presently, the current poor relations with Turkey stem from their role in the genocide and there is a still unresolved conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a disputed territory operating as a de facto state that is an unrecognized ethnic Armenian enclave within Azerbaijan.

So over the centuries much has happened in Armenia, which is why it is so interesting in a cultural sense. Not only for culture buffs though, as the small country packs a great variety in magnificent landscapes that will surely satisfy nature lovers.

Selling Honey Travel To Armenia

General Advice For Travelling In Armenia

If you’re thinking about travelling to Armenia, here are the general things you need to know before you go.

Outside of the capital you can easily assume that nobody speaks English. The language that is spoken is Armenian with its own alphabet.

You can get by fairly well with Russian though as it is the most common foreign language in the country and many Armenians understand it. Road signs are usually in English and in Armenian.

Try to learn a few words like hello (barev) and thank you (mersi), which is much appreciated by the locals. Most accommodation and tour providers speak just enough English to be able to sort things out (if not, try some self-invented sign language which usually works. Or not).

Armenians are very friendly and will try their hardest to help you out, even when they don’t speak a word of English. It’s not uncommon to attract a group of about 10 Armenians when asking for directions, everyone weighing in with one or two words in English and their take on the directions you should have.

Armenia has an interesting, varied and delicious cuisine, with some dishes being well known even beyond Armenia like Shashlick and Dolma.

A lot of the dishes are meat based and they throw everything on grills and barbecue, including vegetables. Soon you’ll notice that the delicious barbecue smell is present basically everywhere you go.

You will eat a lot of Lavish, thin flatbread that is made in a traditional ‘tonir’ oven and is complimentary with almost every dish but doesn’t bore easily.

Common ingredients in Armenian dishes are lamb, eggplant, yoghurt, cottage cheese, grape leaves and many fragrant spices.

There are too many dishes to list and specify if they are delicious or not. I recommended to just try out a lot of different dishes and ask the person who is selling the food what they like.

Armenians appreciate tourists taking an interest in their culture, including food, and asking questions about it usually gets you an excited Armenian and something tasty to eat.

In that way you get to try some new things and there aren’t any exceptionally weird dishes anyway so it is rather safe to do.

Food Travel To Armenia

Most of the local beer is nothing special, except in Yerevan where there is a very new craft brewery called Dargett. They make absolutely delicious craft beer and the place is packed with young locals on the weekend.

But in terms of drinks the real speciality lies in wine and cognac. Armenian cognac is world famous, thus the Yerevan Brandy Company is proudly presented as a major attraction of the city with tasting tours and a museum (Ararat Museum).

Armenia and Georgia are one of the oldest wine producing countries in the world, with grape cultivation going back to ancient times. Well recognised within the wine world and producing some of the best quality wines there are, make sure to try out a few.

There are a lot of vineyards and factories throughout the country, the most famous one that is open to visitors is the Areni factory. I wouldn’t say it is really worth a visit unless you are passing by anyways, you can take a tour and taste some wines here.

Tap water is generally safe to drink, but as you’re in a different country there can always be different bacteria’s than that you are used to that upset your stomach.

In mountain areas (like Tatev) there are often many tap fountains in streets etc. providing delicious water from the mountains.

The currency is the Armenian Dram. It is very well possible to have a low budget holiday, whilst it is also tempting to splurge on food and stuff because it is all quite cheap.

For accommodation we paid on average 15 dollars per person a day which gets you rather nice accommodation. Food is inexpensive as well, in restaurants we paid around 6-8 dollar for a meal plus drinks.

Gas is around 0.86 dollar per litre.

Lovers Park Yerevan Travel To Armenia

Travelling in Armenia is completely safe. Never once did we feel unsafe somewhere. The only area prone to unrest is the Nagorno Karabakh border due to the before mentioned conflict.

The border between Azerbaijan and Armenia is closed and it is best to avoid the border area all together. Other than that the border with Turkey is closed (due to conflicts between the two countries) so you can’t cross it anyway.

Use your common sense and general precautions for petty crime etc. like you would anywhere.

Buses and share taxis (marshrutkas) get you to most of the major places for cheap but I always prefer to have my own car.

The landscape is just really nice to drive through with enough interesting stops along the way that you’ll want to decide yourselves when you get out.

We rented our car with Sixt and picked it up in Yerevan and dropped off in Tblisi, Georgia (other way around is not possible due to regulations).

If you rent with international companies like Sixt, Hertz e.g. the cheapest car would be around 40 dollar a day. Often you can get cheaper deals with local companies.

Make sure you get the full insurance as the roads can be in quite a bad shape. Unless you really want to go far up in the mountains there isn’t necessarily the need for a 4WD in Armenia as you can get to most places, albeit a bit bumpy sometimes.

Transport Travel To Armenia

The Best Places To Visit In Armenia

Now that you know the basics of the country, it’s time to check out the best places to visit in Armenia.

The capital is a great place to start you trip and spend a day or 2. Contradictory to what you might expect from a Soviet era city, it is quite metropolitan.

It has a lively nightlife scene with clubs, hip restaurants and European style bars. Mixed with the many remains of older days, like the typical pink colored soviet buildings and monuments or the 17 th century neighborhood Kond,

Yerevan has its very own appearance. You won’t find any grand landmarks here, rather it is just a nice place to absorb the atmosphere and familiarize yourself a bit with the country you are in.

Travel To Armenia

The Armenian genocide museum is well worth the visit if you want to learn and understand a bit more about Armenians, their history and relations with neighboring countries like Turkey.

There are a few other museums, like the History museum of Armenia and the National Gallery that are interesting as well.

Yerevan is incredibly old, 2800 years to be exact, which is 28 years older than Rome. Thus, it is drenched in interesting history.

A good way to learn more about this is one of the mentioned museum or a (free) walking tour.

A prominent feature of the city centre are the cascade stairs. It is a large stairwell that leads to the grim Soviet monument (not one for extravagant decorating those soviets) erected for celebrating 50 years of Soviet Armenia.

It provides great views over the city and to the massive statue mother of Armenia, supposedly placed defiantly in the direction of Turkey.

Underneath the stairwell is a contemporary art museum which you can enter for free and that you’ll pass through if you decide to take the escalator instead of the stairs to the monument.

You can wander around in the 17 th century neighborhood ‘Kond’, that really feels like a separate part of the city where incredibly old and derelict houses sit on the narrow streets and alleys.

Lover’s park is a small park that is excellent for a bit of relaxing and watching the locals going about their day, grabbing coffee or playing chess and other board games, a favourite pastime activity of many.

Kond Yerevan Travel To Armenia

There are enough hostels and guesthouses in the city. The Envoy Hostel is a highly recommended hostel and is small but good, the staff is helpful and the location is perfect. Homestays like Anahit Stepayan ’s are quite popular as well if you’d choose for a more local experience.

The restaurant called ‘ The Club ’ is my favourite place. It is a bit hidden in a basement underneath a clothing store. The atmosphere, absolutely delicious (and cheap) food and the fact that there was not another tourist to be seen make it a great place.

In the evening the city comes a bit more alive around the square, where there are many (trendy) bars and restaurants and well-dressed locals making their way for an evening of dining and drinking, a seemingly favourite activity of Armenians.

There are plenty of Western style bars, like an Irish, Beatles and 90’s bars. Most of the bars have a very unobtrusive entrance and are in the basement of the residency buildings.

Around the big square there a few more, but rather tacky looking, bars. I can absolutely recommend the Calumet Bar .

A small, warm bar filled with very lively locals. We spent two nights in a row there and had a great time.

On one occasion we met a group of guys who looked equally bewildered, out of place and fascinated as us. They turned out to be pretty much the only western people we’ve seen on our trip and together we enjoyed looking at the Armenians getting their groove on that night.

The bar goers were very friendly and interested in our country like we were in theirs. The level of English is notably better with young people in the capital.

Like mentioned before, if you like craft beer head over to Dargett to taste some great homemade craft beer and have a meal. It is quite western but rather popular with (young) locals.

Yerevan Travel To Armenia

Tatev has become known mostly for the longest cable cart in the world, the wings of Tatev, that lead to the Tatev monastery.

Most people arrive in Tatev by cable cart, have a look at the monastery and return. However, there is plenty to see and the drive alone through the Vorotan canyon is worth it.

If you leave from Yerevan it is a 4 to 5 hour drive, that takes you through an incredible varied landscape, starting with arid, desert like surroundings when you leave the capital.

It’s not too long before some thin pasture appears and many fruit and vegetable stalls alongside the road.

After a while the road climbs up into the mountains, 2 hours or so later you’ll cross a mountain pass and suddenly the landscape has changed to green hills and endless fields with blooming wildflowers, while the air is substantially colder due to the elevation.

The vendors have changed as well, now there are people selling honey on the side of the road. The road eventually leads to a junction where the main road continues to Goris (another destination worth checking out) and the secondary road to Tatev.

This road goes through a few old and derelict villages. Some of them look like a war has struck with streets full of rumble and scrap metal. Rusty old decaying cars, trucks and tractors are parked everywhere.

A man is sweeping up big pick piles of rocks, with a broom (probably still working on that I assume). The side streets are unpaved, rocky and full of holes. People stared at us unabashed, I don’t think they have seen many western tourists passing through here.

Granted, our shiny red Nissan Micra didn’t do a good job in hiding the fact that we were tourists either, as old Lada’s really are the only cars locals drive.

After passing through those villages, a zigzag road takes you along the edge of the canyon, providing magnificent views from several nice viewpoints, like the medieval bell chapel.

The road winds all the way down to the canyon to cross the river, only to go right back up the mountains again on a gravel road to reach the village of Tatev.

It is a very small village and pretty quiet, with most tourists concentrating in the area around the cable cart and the monastery.

Travel To Armenia

There are a number of short and longer hikes in the area. We hiked to Mount Petroskhach, which takes you through the old part of the village up into the hills, providing magnificent views across a large part of the steep canyon, which seems to have an almost straight drop from the plateau.

The trail is sometimes a bit difficult to follow as there are a number of trails leaving from the area. We asked a few locals for directions, ignored their advice anyway and went the wrong way (obviously).

Down in the canyon where you crossed the river by car, there is a small parking spot. From here you can follow the footpath alongside the river which takes you through bushy, shrubs and across the river.

In summer the area around the river is teeming with life, lots of butterflies, dragonflies, other insects, fish, birds and many flowers. Be aware that there are snakes as well, take caution when walking into thick grass.

The path leads to the Tatevi Anapat monastery, a complex dating from the 17 th century, which was abandoned by the monks due to an earthquake in 1658 resulting in the ruins that you see here today.

It has this amazing Indiana Jones feeling to it, as an ancient complex slowly taken back by nature, barely visible from the road. Upon entering the main building, which is still quite intact, a soft voice filled the room.

Near the altar there was a monk praying, dressed in his long black robe. Apparently he is still living here all by himself.

The path continues along the river, we didn’t take it due to lack of time but it looks very promising. Following your way back to the parking lot there are a number of viewing platforms over the river.

They call this area Devil’s bridge (Satani Kamurj), named like that because the formation of it seemed improbable, therefore it must be the Devil’s work.

From the viewing platforms you can’t really see that much of it, however you can get down in the river and explore the incredible caves alongside it.

Down in the river it really looks like a scene coming straight out of a fairy tale.

Moss and plants gracefully decorate the walls, while stalactites in all kind of shapes and colours hang from the cave ceilings and form weird terraces around pools, the water containing (supposedly) healing minerals. It gives the impression that you’re walking in a movie set or a themepark attraction.

From down in the river you can also see the Devil’s bridge much better. To get down there you follow the footpath from the viewing platforms all the way to the end, where there is a small hanging rope to get you down onto a wobbly ladder and finally in the river. This rope is a bit hidden between the bushes.

Be aware that it is all a little bit treacherous and one could easily fall and slip and you also have to wade through the river.

At some points the river flows quite fast, we decided to plunge in and let the river takes us somewhere, which landed us at another amazing spot.

Getting back upstream proved a bit more difficult, but also guarantees some hilarious videos of your travelmates struggling to return while the river keeps pushing you back.

It is not a very big or deep river so nothing too dangerous. It is absolutely worth it to get down in the river, this really made us feel like true explorers.

Back in Tatev the monastery is well worth a visit of course. If you continue down the road for a bit there is a nice viewpoint that looks out over the monastery and canyon. The monastery is perched beautifully on a rock overlooking the whole canyon.

We stayed for 2 days but it is an area that begs to be explored. The beautiful canyon has walking paths following the river that you just want to follow and see where it ends up or take one of the small unpaved roads and just see where it goes.

At this point we turned back in the direction of Yerevan, if you continue the road it will take you to even higher mountains and eventually to the border crossing with Iran.

Travel To Armenia

I highly recommend Saro’s Bed and Breakfast .  We were welcomed by Saro’s sister Maro, who is very friendly and hospitable and made sure we were provided with everything we needed, like homemade lemonade, cakes, coffee and she even brought us some lunch to take on a hike at no charge.

Most of the dinner is prepared on the big barbecue and delicious as well. Dolma, rabbit stew and a bottle of homemade red wine make for a great meal.

Maro’s dad also takes guests on a little excursion into the mountain in his old jeep. There are a number of options for guesthouses and bed and breakfasts in Tatev though.

On the drive from Yerevan you’ll pass the Areni Wine Factory. There are also people selling wine everywhere at the side of the road in plastic cola bottles, apparently for Irani truck drivers (as they are not allowed to drink alcohol in Iran thus have to hide it).

There are no supermarkets in Tatev. Stock up on some items and make sure your accommodation can provide all your required meals. There is however a small information centre with a small café. They can also provide with you with hiking routes, maps etc. Saro’s bed and breakfast is also a restaurant for non-guests.

Village Tatev Travel To Armenia

Garni is a town close to Yerevan and for a rather big settlement the road leading to it from the capital is quite strange (or we took a wrong route).

Leaving Yerevan the road suddenly consists of more dirt and holes than actual tarmac. The landscape is incredibly dry for a bit, although it still is a habitat for quite some birds.

Garni itself is a small town with the major attractions being the Garni temple, the only pagan temple in Armenia, the Geghard monastery and the beautiful Garni gorge with the adjacent Khosov nature reserve.

You can enter the Garni gorge from both side of town by car or on foot. Inside the Garni gorge you’ll find this incredible miracle of nature called the Symphony of Stones, a rather fitting name for stone walls that are carved out in perfect cube like pillars.

You can drive the dirt road all the way to the other entrance but after a while we were afraid our Nissan Micra couldn’t take it anymore with all the massive bumps and holes in the road.

There are many hiking trails in the Khosov nature reserve. If you come from Garni the entrance is quite unclear. I drove to the entrance on google maps, a dirt road climbing up the hill.

Eventually a guarded gate signed the entrance and that you could not go further with car, however there was no real parking place either. Thus from Garni it is best to walk to the entrance or enter from the other side.

The Geghard monastery is amazing, but very touristic. Like tour buses touristic, so be there early to avoid crowds and marvel at this dark coloured, ancient complex without too many tourists.

The Garni temple is beautifully perched on top of the ridge overlooking the gorge, best to visit it at the end of the day for nice lighting.

The nearby restaurant is excellent, and also has one of the best terraces I have ever seen, overlooking the gorge and the temple.

Travel To Armenia

We had rented a whole house (called ‘ Dinadav House ’) for ourselves for around 50 dollar in total. There are a number of options on booking.com and It is quite nice to stay in a residents house back in a neighbourhood to get a more local feeling.

Moving up north, Dilijan presents a completely different landscape again. Also commonly referred to as the Switzerland of Armenia, this is a small town in between lush green forests and hills.

There is not much to do other than hike the beautiful surroundings and visit some monasteries like Haghartsin, which can keep you busy for a few days though.

A bit further there is also a zipline but we stuck with the hiking. We hiked near the Haghartsin monastery, which can be reached by a road with twists and turns that begs to be driven with an old school convertible and a hot girl next to you, unfortunately we had to do it with a Nissan Micra and two dudes.

The forests are just like how I expect a real forest to be: lush, plenty of variation in the vegetation and full of blooming flowers.

It is a forest where you just expect to see a bear, or some creature from a fairytale pop up from behind a tree any minute.

Dilijan Travel To Armenia

We stayed in the Belvedere Eco Rest Zone , located 10 minutes out of town, and beautifully situated near the river. The food is nice, staff is friendly and the rooms are perfectly fine and very cheap. There are a few hotel/hostel options in town as well.

Monasteries In Dilijan

Armenia was the first country in the world to adopt Christianity as its state religion. The story goes that after a Christian (Gregory the Illuminator) cured the Armenian king of a grave illness, he agreed to convert to Christianity, which happened in 301 AD.

Around 95% of the population nowadays is Christian, while Armenia is surrounded by Muslim countries except for Georgia.

As the country had such a major role in establishing Christianity, you will encounter a lot of monasteries and other religious sites.

All these incredibly old buildings and associated tales and myths instil a mysterious and ancient atmosphere to many of the sites that we visited.

You’ll notice one common denominator among the monasteries and that is they sure knew how to pick spectacular locations to build them, usually perched on some cliff surrounded by a dramatic landscape. A few noteworthy monasteries that I visited are listed below:

This 13 th century monastery is located on the way from Yerevan to Tatev, close to Areni, which is a nice little detour. It is beautifully situated in a landscape that most closely resembles the Grand Canyon; hot, dry, and with red dirt mountains.

The complex has a few different churches and chapels and it was the residency of Syunik’s bishops in the 13 th century. It is however, very busy with tourists.

A 9 th century monastery in Tatev (obviously). It is located on the edge of a plateau overlooking the gorge set in a spectacular landscape.

You can go inside the complex, but if you follow the road for a little bit there is a great viewpoint of the monastery. If you venture a bit through the bushes you can see a waterfall coming down as well.

The monastery played an important role as an spiritual centre and medieval university in Armenia.

Founded in the 4 th century in Garni, this dark coloured monastery complex is surrounded by cliffs and located next to a gorge.

The inside, and especially the cave chambers, feels so old (well they are, 4 th century!) and it has a bit of mysterious vibe to it, like you are stepping back in time.

The vendors and tour buses at the entrance detract the atmosphere a bit, but it is definitely worthwhile.

Geghard Monastery Travel To Armenia

We did not visit one of the most famous monasteries, as there were thick clouds that day and it is famous for having the snow-capped peak of Ararat in the background.

We were also out of time and guessed it would be another busy monastery as well, as this is one of the most popular landmarks in Armenia.

Gregory the Illuminator was 13 years imprisoned here by the king before he cured him of an illness after which the king and country converted to Christianity.

The construction of a chapel already began in 642, the current church was however finished in the 17 th century. It is located a few kilometres of the main highway around Yerevan.

A 13 th century monastery in Dilijan beautifully located in the lush green forests. It is small and not completely intact anymore but worth a visit. It is quite nice and the main building (church) is still intact.

Also the starting point from a number of trails in the forests so perfect for combining those activities.

There are many more monasteries, churches and other religious site of interest. Many can be done in a day tour from Yerevan (hostels organise these).

Note:  When I say busy with tourists, these are almost exclusively domestic Armenian and Georgian tourists. No tour buses with Asians or Europeans here. Best to get there early to avoid crowds. There are no entrance fees to the monasteries. The more popular ones will charge you a very small fee for parking.

These places will take you around the country, which we did in 8 days. It is not very big but there is plenty to see, I’d recommend to take at least 8 days to explore Armenia.

It is still a rather underrated destination, apparent by the low number of tourists that visit the country. It should however receive much more attention, as I have never been to a country before that made me feel like a true explorer without the discomfort of one.

The history is endlessly interesting and the landscapes fascinating. I’d say the country is the perfect introduction to one of the most interesting corners of the world, standing at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.

[box] That’s it for my travel to Armenia guide. Leave a comment below if this has helped you, or if you have something to add.[/box]

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About the Author - Thijs Broekkamp

Thijs Broekkamp is a photographer and aspiring travel writer based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Like many, he tries to travel as much as possible and looks for interesting and authentic experiences on his journeys. Nature, grand landscapes or wildlife and cultural heritage or fascinating locals receive the most attention, preferably paired with delicious cuisine. Has a knack for getting in an unfortunate situation or two on every trip. Interested in the whole world, but special fascination for far eastern Europe and Central Asia. You can check out his work on the website www.thijsbroekkamp.com and www.Instagram.com/komorebi_photography

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13 thoughts on “Travel to Armenia – Tips and Information Guide (2023)”

I highly recommend a visit to Yerevan. The city is filled with beautiful architecture and rich history, and the people are incredibly friendly and welcoming. I had a wonderful time exploring the city’s vibrant culture through its delicious food, unique museums, and lively nightlife

Hi, thank you for your great article! We’ll be going to Armenia tomorrow and I was wondering about the car rental. Where did you rent the car and do you think it is possible to do a similar trip with local buses? Thanks for your help 🙂

Hi Lauriane, sorry for the late reply. We hope you had a great time in Armenia. Happy travels

My daughter and I are going on our first trip to Armenia in the summer of 2020. I read your blog and look forward to my trip! Thank you, now I know more about Armenia! Great photos!

Hi Tori, I hope your trip is still on. Have a wonderful time. Happy travels

Hey, Thank you for this beautiful article. We are planning a trip a to Armenia and wanted to know if we rent a car can we do, Garni, Geghard, Dilijan and Lake Sevan on the way in an entire day if we leave early morning? We do not want to stay anywhere as we will be based in Yerevan. A Nissan Micra would be enough for this journey? We are traveling in October. Do google maps work here accurately? Thank you so much for your help!

Hi, thank you so much. About all the destinations with a car rental, we are not too sure sorry. Maybe contact the car rental company. They may be able to help. All the best. Happy travels

Thanks a lot for telling about your adventurous trip. Leaving for Armenia in a few days, liked your writing, hope to love this country ss you did.

Glad the article helped. All the best with your trip.

Thanks. I’m in Georgia now, then Turkey.Bulgaria, Romania . I’m going to Armenia end Sept.. Looking forward to it especially after reading your intensive tipsxx

Have a great trip. 🙂

According to you Armenia looking awesome to see.

It is a great place. We can not wait to go back and explore more.

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COVID-19: travel health notice for all travellers

Armenia travel advice

Latest updates: Need help? - update of information about consular assistance

Last updated: January 9, 2024 09:21 ET

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Safety and security, entry and exit requirements, laws and culture, natural disasters and climate, armenia - take normal security precautions.

Take normal security precautions in Armenia

Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas - Avoid all travel

Avoid all travel to Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding areas due to the tense political situation and the risk of armed conflict.

Border with Azerbaijan - Avoid all travel

Avoid all travel to within 5 km of the border with Azerbaijan due to the volatile security environment and the risk of armed conflict.

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Border areas

Our ability to provide consular services in areas along the Armenia-Azerbaijan international borders as well as in Nagorno-Karabakh is extremely limited.

The security environment is highly volatile at the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan due to the ongoing dispute over the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

All border crossings into Azerbaijan are closed and the border is heavily militarized.

Despite the ceasefire in place since November 2020, there are frequent armed clashes at multiple points along the international border, including near the following Armenian cities:

Border areas with Azerbaijan are subject to extremely dangerous military activities, such as:

  • mortar and artillery shelling
  • rocket fire
  • drone attacks
  • heavy gunfire

In April 2023, fighting erupted around the Armenian village of Tegh, near the international border and the entrance of the Lachin corridor in Azerbaijan linking Armenia to Nagorno-Karabakh. On September 1, 2023, fighting erupted around the Armenian village of Sotk, near the international border. The clashes resulted in several casualties and injuries on both sides and the situation could deteriorate further without notice.

If you choose to travel near the border with Azerbaijan despite this advisory:

  • exercise caution at all times
  • avoid travelling at night
  • monitor local media to stay informed on current clashes
  • follow instructions from local authorities and security forces

Nagorno–Karabakh and surrounding areas

In September 2020, a violent conflict occurred between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh, resulting in thousands of casualties.

On November 9, 2020, Armenia and Azerbaijan signed a ceasefire agreement enforced by Russian peacekeepers.

Unmarked landmines and cluster munitions continue to pose a risk in areas surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh previously under Armenian control, especially in the following districts:

The Lachin corridor is the only road linking Armenia to Nagorno-Karabakh. Despite the presence of Russian peacekeepers, there are frequent blockades resulting in limited access to:

  • basic necessities, such as food and fuel supplies
  • humanitarian and medical assistance

In April 2023, Azerbaijan’s army established a checkpoint on the border with Armenia at the entrance of the Lachin corridor, increasing the risk of a resurgence of tensions.

There are regular ceasefire violations in the vicinity of Nagorno Karabakh.

As part of the ongoing tensions between Azerbaijan and Armenia, there are occasional ceasefire violations and clashes on the Nakhchivan border.

Türkiye

The land border between Türkiye and Armenia is closed.

There border crossing near the Armenian town of Meghri is the only official access to Iran from Armenia.

Russian peacekeepers are present along the border and have set up several checkpoints to deter smuggling and other illegal activities into Armenia from Iran. 

Iran’s military occasionally conducts operations in the area.

  • Only cross at official border crossings
  • Follow the instructions of security forces
  • Avoid travelling at night
  • Avoid travelling alone

Petty crime

Pickpocketing, mugging, purse snatching and theft from cars and homes occur.

During your stay:

  • keep your car and home doors locked and windows closed at all times
  • don’t leave personal items and documents in plain sight in a vehicle
  • make sure that your personal belongings, including your passport and other travel documents are secure at all times
  • don’t show signs of affluence

Police officers don’t regularly patrol streets and response may take longer than expected.

There is a low threat of terrorism in Armenia, but attacks could occur at any time.

In 2022, there have been bomb alerts in Yerevan targeting:

  • Zvartnots International Airport
  • metro stations
  • shopping malls
  • the city hall
  • the national assembly

Targets could also include:

  • places of worship
  • public areas such as tourist attractions, restaurants, bars, coffee shops, markets, hotels and other sites frequented by foreigners

In the event of a bomb alert:

  • expect heightened presence of security forces and disruptions to air traffic and public transportation
  • monitor local media to stay informed on the evolving situation
  • follow instructions of local authorities and security forces, including evacuation orders
  • don’t go near the targeted areas

Always be aware of your surroundings when in public places. Be particularly vigilant if attending:

  • sporting events
  • religious holidays
  • other public celebrations

Demonstrations

Demonstrations take place regularly, particularly in Yerevan and the vicinity of institutional buildings, and are mostly peaceful.

In 2022, large-scale demonstrations took place in several cities across Armenia over the government’s posture toward Azerbaijan after the Nagorno-Karabakh war. They have led to acts of vandalism and violent clashes amongst demonstrators and with security forces in certain places.

Further demonstrations are likely.

Even peaceful demonstrations can turn violent at any time. They can also lead to disruptions to traffic and public transportation.

  • Avoid areas where demonstrations and large gatherings are taking place
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities
  • Monitor local media for information on ongoing demonstrations

Mass gatherings (large-scale events)

Road safety

Road conditions.

Road conditions have improved in recent years in Yerevan and on main roads. Roads in rural areas are poorly maintained and dangerous due to:

  • insufficient lighting
  • bad road markings and signage
  • large potholes
  • unpaved sections
  • lack of road shoulders
  • poor snow clearing during winter

Emergency services may take a long time to reach you if you’re involved in an accident outside of urban areas. You must have a warning triangle in your car at all times in case of an emergency.

Roads in Armenia – Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Armenia

Driving habits

Drivers are often distracted, frequently break traffic regulations, drive at excessive speeds and lack driving skills.

Pedestrians often cross in the middle of the road and drivers don’t always give pedestrians the right of way.

Driving under the influence of alcohol is common, especially on weekends.

U-turns and lane changes without warning occur frequently.

If you’re driving in Armenia:

  • always drive defensively
  • avoid driving at night
  • use main roads and highways as much as possible
  • don’t stop in isolated areas
  • always carry a cellphone and a charger

Women’s safety

Women travelling alone may be subject to some forms of harassment and verbal abuse.

Advice for women travellers

Credit card and ATM fraud occurs.

Be careful when using debit or credit cards:

  • pay careful attention when your cards are being handled by others
  • use ATMs located in well-lit public areas or inside a bank or business
  • avoid using card readers with an irregular or unusual feature
  • cover the keypad with one hand when entering your PIN

Tourist scams

There have been reports of foreigners being pickpocketed or forced to pay the bill by friendly strangers who:

  • offer to help, especially near ATMs
  • ask you to take a photo
  • invite you for drinks at a bar

While travelling:

  • avoid showing signs of affluence, carrying large sums of cash or unnecessary valuables
  • pay attention to your surroundings, particularly in crowded and tourist areas
  • be extra cautious when withdrawing cash from ATMs

Overseas fraud

Adventure tourism

Adventure tourism, such as zip-lining, kayaking, rock climbing or trekking, can be dangerous, especially if they are not well-organized. Trails are not always marked and weather conditions can change rapidly.

Tour operators may not meet international standards.

If you are participating in adventure tourism:

  • never do so alone, and do not part with your tour companions  consider hiring an experienced guide from a reputable company 
  • buy travel insurance that includes helicopter rescue and medical evacuation  
  • ensure that your physical condition is good enough to tackle the challenges of your activity  
  • avoid venturing off marked trails  
  • refrain from using equipment if you have doubts on their safety  
  • always wear a lifejacket during water activities.

Public transportation

Taxis are widely available in Yerevan, but vehicles are often in poor condition and don't always have standard security features like seatbelts.

Most taxi drivers:

  • smoke and talk on the phone while driving
  • don’t accept credit cards
  • can’t make change for large bills

There are several mobile applications on which you can order taxis with safer vehicles and fixed fares.

If you choose to take a taxi:

  • confirm the driver's identity and license plate before getting into the car
  • never share a cab with strangers
  • make sure the driver does not pick up other passengers on the way to your destination
  • negotiate the fare in advance
  • have small bills available for payment.

Trains operate in Armenia, but mainly serve destinations in the north of the country. Be careful when travelling by train as wagons are often overcrowded and not always well-maintained.

  • Make sure that your personal belongings, including your passport and other travel documents, are secure at all times
  • Don’t leave the compartment unattended
  • Keep the door locked from the inside

When travelling outside of Yerevan, avoid using minibuses called "Marshrutka".

Drivers are reckless and are often involved in accidents. The vehicles are overcrowded and not always equipped with seatbelts.

Petty crimes such as theft occur, and drivers may overcharge you.

We do not make assessments on the compliance of foreign domestic airlines with international safety standards.

Information about foreign domestic airlines

Every country or territory decides who can enter or exit through its borders. The Government of Canada cannot intervene on your behalf if you do not meet your destination’s entry or exit requirements.

We have obtained the information on this page from the Armenian authorities. It can, however, change at any time.

Verify this information with the  Foreign Representatives in Canada .

Entry requirements vary depending on the type of passport you use for travel.

Before you travel, check with your transportation company about passport requirements. Its rules on passport validity may be more stringent than the country’s entry rules.

Regular Canadian passport

Your passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the date you expect to leave Armenia.

Passport for official travel

Different entry rules may apply.

Official travel

Passport with “X” gender identifier

While the Government of Canada issues passports with an “X” gender identifier, it cannot guarantee your entry or transit through other countries. You might face entry restrictions in countries that do not recognize the “X” gender identifier. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

Other travel documents

Different entry rules may apply when travelling with a temporary passport or an emergency travel document. Before you leave, check with the closest foreign representative for your destination.

Useful links

  • Foreign Representatives in Canada
  • Canadian passports

Tourist visa: required Transit visa: required Business visa: required

You must obtain a visa before departure either from:

  • Armenia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website or
  • the closest Embassy of Armenia

Apply for an e-visa - Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Armenia

Dual citizenship

If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Armenia, you might be required to enter and exit Armenia on an Armenian passport. Contact the nearest Armenian diplomatic office to confirm this information.

Yellow fever

Learn about potential entry requirements related to yellow fever (vaccines section).

Children and travel

Learn more about travelling with children .

Relevant Travel Health Notices

  • Global Measles Notice - 31 August, 2023
  • COVID-19 and International Travel - 31 August, 2023

This section contains information on possible health risks and restrictions regularly found or ongoing in the destination. Follow this advice to lower your risk of becoming ill while travelling. Not all risks are listed below.

Consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic preferably 6 weeks before you travel to get personalized health advice and recommendations.

Routine vaccines

Be sure that your  routine vaccinations , as per your province or territory , are up-to-date before travelling, regardless of your destination.

Some of these vaccinations include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, varicella (chickenpox), influenza and others.

Pre-travel vaccines and medications

You may be at risk for preventable diseases while travelling in this destination. Talk to a travel health professional about which medications or vaccines may be right for you, based on your destination and itinerary. 

Yellow fever is a disease caused by a flavivirus from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Travellers get vaccinated either because it is required to enter a country or because it is recommended for their protection.

  • There is no risk of yellow fever in this country.

Country Entry Requirement*

  • Proof of vaccination is not required to enter this country.

Recommendation

  • Vaccination is not recommended.

* It is important to note that country entry requirements may not reflect your risk of yellow fever at your destination. It is recommended that you contact the nearest diplomatic or consular office of the destination(s) you will be visiting to verify any additional entry requirements.

About Yellow Fever

Yellow Fever Vaccination Centres in Canada

There is a risk of hepatitis A in this destination. It is a disease of the liver. People can get hepatitis A if they ingest contaminated food or water, eat foods prepared by an infectious person, or if they have close physical contact (such as oral-anal sex) with an infectious person, although casual contact among people does not spread the virus.

Practise  safe food and water precautions and wash your hands often. Vaccination is recommended for all travellers to areas where hepatitis A is present.

  Hepatitis B is a risk in every destination. It is a viral liver disease that is easily transmitted from one person to another through exposure to blood and body fluids containing the hepatitis B virus.  Travellers who may be exposed to blood or other bodily fluids (e.g., through sexual contact, medical treatment, sharing needles, tattooing, acupuncture or occupational exposure) are at higher risk of getting hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended for all travellers. Prevent hepatitis B infection by practicing safe sex, only using new and sterile drug equipment, and only getting tattoos and piercings in settings that follow public health regulations and standards.

In this destination, rabies is commonly carried by dogs and some wildlife, including bats. Rabies is a deadly disease that spreads to humans primarily through bites or scratches from an infected animal. While travelling, take precautions , including keeping your distance from animals (including free-roaming dogs), and closely supervising children.

If you are bitten or scratched by a dog or other animal while travelling, immediately wash the wound with soap and clean water and see a health care professional. In this destination, rabies treatment may be limited or may not be available, therefore you may need to return to Canada for treatment.  

Before travel, discuss rabies vaccination with a health care professional. It may be recommended for travellers who are at high risk of exposure (e.g., occupational risk such as veterinarians and wildlife workers, children, adventure travellers and spelunkers, and others in close contact with animals). 

Measles is a highly contagious viral disease. It can spread quickly from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

Anyone who is not protected against measles is at risk of being infected with it when travelling internationally.

Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are fully protected against measles.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious viral disease. It can spread from person to person by direct contact and through droplets in the air.

It is recommended that all eligible travellers complete a COVID-19 vaccine series along with any additional recommended doses in Canada before travelling. Evidence shows that vaccines are very effective at preventing severe illness, hospitalization and death from COVID-19. While vaccination provides better protection against serious illness, you may still be at risk of infection from the virus that causes COVID-19. Anyone who has not completed a vaccine series is at increased risk of being infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 and is at greater risk for severe disease when travelling internationally.

Before travelling, verify your destination’s COVID-19 vaccination entry/exit requirements. Regardless of where you are going, talk to a health care professional before travelling to make sure you are adequately protected against COVID-19.

 The best way to protect yourself from seasonal influenza (flu) is to get vaccinated every year. Get the flu shot at least 2 weeks before travelling.  

 The flu occurs worldwide. 

  •  In the Northern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs from November to   April.
  •  In the Southern Hemisphere, the flu season usually runs between April and   October.
  •  In the tropics, there is flu activity year round. 

The flu vaccine available in one hemisphere may only offer partial protection against the flu in the other hemisphere.

The flu virus spreads from person to person when they cough or sneeze or by touching objects and surfaces that have been contaminated with the virus. Clean your hands often and wear a mask if you have a fever or respiratory symptoms.

Safe food and water precautions

Many illnesses can be caused by eating food or drinking beverages contaminated by bacteria, parasites, toxins, or viruses, or by swimming or bathing in contaminated water.

  • Learn more about food and water precautions to take to avoid getting sick by visiting our eat and drink safely abroad page. Remember: Boil it, cook it, peel it, or leave it!
  • Avoid getting water into your eyes, mouth or nose when swimming or participating in activities in freshwater (streams, canals, lakes), particularly after flooding or heavy rain. Water may look clean but could still be polluted or contaminated.
  • Avoid inhaling or swallowing water while bathing, showering, or swimming in pools or hot tubs. 

Travellers' diarrhea is the most common illness affecting travellers. It is spread from eating or drinking contaminated food or water.

Risk of developing travellers' diarrhea increases when travelling in regions with poor standards of hygiene and sanitation. Practise safe food and water precautions.

The most important treatment for travellers' diarrhea is rehydration (drinking lots of fluids). Carry oral rehydration salts when travelling.

Typhoid   is a bacterial infection spread by contaminated food or water. Risk is higher among children, travellers going to rural areas, travellers visiting friends and relatives or those travelling for a long period of time.

Travellers visiting regions with a risk of typhoid, especially those exposed to places with poor sanitation, should speak to a health care professional about vaccination.  

Insect bite prevention

Many diseases are spread by the bites of infected insects such as mosquitoes, ticks, fleas or flies. When travelling to areas where infected insects may be present:

  • Use insect repellent (bug spray) on exposed skin
  • Cover up with light-coloured, loose clothes made of tightly woven materials such as nylon or polyester
  • Minimize exposure to insects
  • Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in buildings that are not fully enclosed

To learn more about how you can reduce your risk of infection and disease caused by bites, both at home and abroad, visit our insect bite prevention page.

Find out what types of insects are present where you’re travelling, when they’re most active, and the symptoms of the diseases they spread.

Animal precautions

Some infections, such as rabies and influenza, can be shared between humans and animals. Certain types of activities may increase your chance of contact with animals, such as travelling in rural or forested areas, camping, hiking, and visiting wet markets (places where live animals are slaughtered and sold) or caves.

Travellers are cautioned to avoid contact with animals, including dogs, livestock (pigs, cows), monkeys, snakes, rodents, birds, and bats, and to avoid eating undercooked wild game.

Closely supervise children, as they are more likely to come in contact with animals.

Person-to-person infections

Stay home if you’re sick and practise proper cough and sneeze etiquette , which includes coughing or sneezing into a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hand. Reduce your risk of colds, the flu and other illnesses by:

  •   washing your hands often
  • avoiding or limiting the amount of time spent in closed spaces, crowded places, or at large-scale events (concerts, sporting events, rallies)
  • avoiding close physical contact with people who may be showing symptoms of illness 

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) , HIV , and mpox are spread through blood and bodily fluids; use condoms, practise safe sex, and limit your number of sexual partners. Check with your local public health authority pre-travel to determine your eligibility for mpox vaccine.  

Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria and usually affects the lungs.

For most travellers the risk of tuberculosis is low.

Travellers who may be at high risk while travelling in regions with risk of tuberculosis should discuss pre- and post-travel options with a health care professional.

High-risk travellers include those visiting or working in prisons, refugee camps, homeless shelters, or hospitals, or travellers visiting friends and relatives.

Medical services and facilities

Adequate medical services and facilities are available in Yerevan. Outside Yerevan, medical personnel, services and facilities are limited and may not offer the level of care you may be used to in Canada.

Medical professionals may require cash payments before providing care, even if you have travel insurance that covers hospital stays.

Serious medical cases may require evacuation to a country equipped with adequate facilities.

Make sure you get travel insurance that includes coverage for medical evacuation and hospital stays.

Travel health and safety

Some prescription medication may not be available in Armenia.

If you are taking prescription medication, you must verify its legality.

  • Bring a sufficient supply of your medication
  • Always leave your medication in its original packaging
  • Keep your medication in your hand luggage
  • Keep a copy of your prescription with you

Keep in Mind...

The decision to travel is the sole responsibility of the traveller. The traveller is also responsible for his or her own personal safety.

Be prepared. Do not expect medical services to be the same as in Canada. Pack a   travel health kit , especially if you will be travelling away from major city centres.

You must abide by local laws.

Learn about what you should do and how we can help if you are arrested or detained abroad .

Transfer to a Canadian prison

Canada and Armenia are signatories to the Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons. This enables a Canadian imprisoned in Armenia to request a transfer to a Canadian prison to complete a sentence. The transfer requires the agreement of both Canadian and Armenia authorities.

This process can take a long time, and there is no guarantee that the transfer will be approved by either or both sides.

There are severe penalties for the possession, use or trafficking of illegal drugs, including cannabis.

You could face:

  • heavy fines
  • lengthy jail sentences

Drinking and driving

There is zero tolerance and severe penalties for drinking and driving in Armenia.

The legal blood alcohol limit is 0.0%.

If you’re convicted of drunk driving, you could face jail sentences.

Drugs, alcohol and travel

Photography

It is illegal to takes photographs or videos near sensitive areas along the border of Armenia, including:

  • military installations
  • engineering facilities
  • surveillance towers
  • transportation equipment

This prohibition also applies to drones.

You need an international driving permit or an Armenian driver’s license to drive in Armenia.

Car insurance is mandatory in Armenia.

International Driving Permit

Imports and exports

You must obtain permission from Armenian authorities prior to importing certain goods and products, including:

  • pharmaceuticals
  • weapons and components of weapons
  • communication equipment

The import and export of cultural and historical items is also regulated. This includes:

  • archaeological objects
  • sculptures and paintings
  • ancient books and documents
  • musical instruments
  • furniture and carpets
  • Foreign Representatives in Canada
  • Information for tourists, importers and exporters – Customs service of the Republic of Armenia

2SLGBTQI+ persons

Armenian law doesn’t criminalize sexual acts or relationships between persons of the same sex. 

However, 2SLGBTQI+ persons could be discriminated against based on their sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, or sex characteristics. 

Travel and your sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics

Dual citizenship is legally recognized in Armenia.

If you are a Canadian citizen, but also a citizen of Armenia, our ability to offer you consular services may be limited while you're there. You may also be subject to different entry/exit requirements .

Travellers with dual citizenship

National obligations

Canadian-Armenian citizens may also be subject to national obligations, such as taxes and military service. Check your status with the Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Canada. Authorities may detain dual nationals who try to avoid military service and face large fines or imprisonment.

International Child Abduction

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is an international treaty. It can help parents with the return of children who have been removed to or retained in certain countries in violation of custody rights. It does not apply between Canada and Armenia.

If your child was wrongfully taken to, or is being held in Armenia by an abducting parent:

  • act as quickly as you can
  • consult a lawyer in Canada and in Armenia to explore all the legal options for the return of your child
  • report the situation to the nearest Canadian government office abroad or to the Vulnerable Children’s Consular Unit at Global Affairs Canada by calling the Emergency Watch and Response Centre.

If your child was removed from a country other than Canada, consult a lawyer to determine if The Hague Convention applies.

Be aware that Canadian consular officials cannot interfere in private legal matters or in another country’s judicial affairs.

  • International Child Abduction: A Guidebook for Left-Behind Parents
  • Travelling with children
  • Canadian embassies and consulates by destination
  • Emergency Watch and Response Centre

The currency is the Armenian dram (AMD).

Some ATMs may not accept foreign bank cards. You can make withdrawals at bank counters using your passport as identification. Most banks do not accept traveler's cheques and treasury bills. 

You must declare all foreign currency in your possession exceeding 10,000 USD or its equivalent:

  • upon arrival
  • upon departure

Foreign currency declarations apply to:

  • traveller's cheques
  • treasury bills

If you’re travelling with bearer securities in your possession, you must declare it to customs officials regardless of its value.

Armenia’s climate is continental, and temperatures vary geographically. In Yerevan, summers are hot and winters are mild.

A vast portion of the territory is at an altitude of 1000m above sea level where temperatures are lower than in the capital and rainfall more frequent.

Earthquakes

Armenia is located in an active seismic zone. Although no major events have occurred in recent years, an earthquake could strike at any time.

Earthquakes - What to Do?

The rainy season generally extends from March to June and from October to November.

Seasonal flooding can affect overland travel and the provision of essential services, especially in the Ararat and Shirak valleys. Landslides could occur, roads may become impassable and bridges damaged.

  • Monitor local media for updates, including road conditions
  • Stay away from flooded areas
  • Monitor weather reports
  • Follow the instructions of local authorities, including evacuation orders

Local services

In case of emergency, dial:

  • police: 102
  • medical assistance: 103
  • firefighters: 101
  • Emergency services: 112

Consular assistance

On October 25, 2023, the Government of Canada inaugurated the Embassy of Canada to the Republic of Armenia in Yerevan. At this time, consular services continue to be provided by the Honorary Consul of Canada in Yerevan and the Embassy of Canada to Russia.

Armenia (Consular and Trade Commissioner services)

For emergency consular assistance, call the Embassy of Canada to Russia, in Moscow and follow the instructions. At any time, you may also contact the Emergency Watch and Response Centre in Ottawa.

The decision to travel is your choice and you are responsible for your personal safety abroad. We take the safety and security of Canadians abroad very seriously and provide credible and timely information in our Travel Advice to enable you to make well-informed decisions regarding your travel abroad.

The content on this page is provided for information only. While we make every effort to give you correct information, it is provided on an "as is" basis without warranty of any kind, expressed or implied. The Government of Canada does not assume responsibility and will not be liable for any damages in connection to the information provided.

If you need consular assistance while abroad, we will make every effort to help you. However, there may be constraints that will limit the ability of the Government of Canada to provide services.

Learn more about consular services .

Risk Levels

  take normal security precautions.

Take similar precautions to those you would take in Canada.

  Exercise a high degree of caution

There are certain safety and security concerns or the situation could change quickly. Be very cautious at all times, monitor local media and follow the instructions of local authorities.

IMPORTANT: The two levels below are official Government of Canada Travel Advisories and are issued when the safety and security of Canadians travelling or living in the country or region may be at risk.

  Avoid non-essential travel

Your safety and security could be at risk. You should think about your need to travel to this country, territory or region based on family or business requirements, knowledge of or familiarity with the region, and other factors. If you are already there, think about whether you really need to be there. If you do not need to be there, you should think about leaving.

  Avoid all travel

You should not travel to this country, territory or region. Your personal safety and security are at great risk. If you are already there, you should think about leaving if it is safe to do so.

Absolute Armenia

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  • What to Pack
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Best of Armenia , Practical Information

35 very useful things to know before you visit armenia.

You’ve probably stumbled upon this guide because you’re planning to visit Armenia . This post will detail everything we think you need to know before you travel to Armenia – from information about the language to secrets from locals.

Below are some of the top tours, hotels, and more!

Top Experiences and Tours In Armenia:

  • Day trip to Khor Virap, Areni Winery and Noravank Monastery (from $34)
  • Armenia: Private Tour to Khor Virap Monastery (from $37)
  • Khor Virap, Echmiadzin, and Zvartnots Cathedral from Yerevan (from $62)
  • Private Tour: Lake Sevan, Dilijan, Goshavank and Haghartsin (from $90)
  • From Yerevan: 4.5-Hour Garni-Geghard Tour (from $39)

Top Hotels in Yerevan:

  • The Alexander (a luxury in Yerevan)
  • Daniel’s Boutique Hotel (mid-range in Yerevan
  • 14th Floor (mid-range in Yerevan)
  • Grand Hostel (budget in Yerevan)

Looking for the best way to get around Armenia? Click here to check rental car rates for Armenia!

If you have additional questions, please send us a message or leave us a comment! We hope you find this useful!

Visit Armenia: Tips & Information

Armenia. You may have heard of it, or you might have not, but somewhere high in the Caucasus mountains is where this wonderful country is located. With magical nature, ancient history, and heritage that is not yet fully discovered, it is a country with so much to offer.

So what is Armenia? A little country that you might associate with the Kardashians or System of Down, but trust us, Armenia is the new, hot destination to travel to and it’s known for a lot more than just that.

As an Armenian, it’s easy to write about my own country, and that’s why my friend Megan has joined me to create this website about Armenia where we can deliver honest and informative articles about my homeland.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

For me, I was able to see Armenia from a different angle because I was analyzing it from my friend’s point of view and learning what makes it such a great and unique place for travelers.

Based on our travels in Armenia and the fact that I’m a local, we often ask ourselves why it’s not crowded with tourists from around the world?

Armenia has all the necessary features for the perfect travel destination; fantastic nature and landscapes, delicious and fresh food, super hospitable people, and it’s really affordable and cheap to travel in for non-locals.

In addition to all this, starting in 2020, airlines are offering cheap and budget flights from Europe to Yerevan and Gyumri, which makes this hidden gem much more accessible to travelers and history lovers.

We have seen, and are still discovering, amazing and breathtaking sights in this little country of colors and contrasts. This guide will prepare you to visit a truly amazing destination and tell you everything you need to do and know before you visit Armenia.

What to Know Before You Travel to Armenia

We try to hit all points of what we deem useful information for this post.  If there is something missing that you’d like to know, specific destination information, please shoot us a message or leave a comment so we can answer!

1. Where is Armenia?

It might be a bit challenging to find Armenia on the map, and you might have never heard of it, but it is located in the southern Caucasus region; Georgia borders it to the north, Iran to the south, Turkey to the west and Azerbaijan to the east.

Armenia is a landlocked country and it’s important to know that it’s not possible to get to Armenia overland from Turkey or Azerbaijan because of political issues.

2. Armenian Nature

Armenia has a surprisingly diverse nature for being such a small country… from mesmerizing green canyons and gorges to dry and colorful mountains to semi-desert landscapes.

The biggest lake in the Caucasus is also found in Armenia. Lake Sevan , which is considered to be the blue pearl of the country. It is surrounded by breathtaking mountains, little islands, and gorgeous villages.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

There are several national parks and reserves all over the country such as Dilijan National Park or the Khosrov Reserve , a place considered to be one of the oldest protected areas in history. Approximately seventeen centuries ago, the reserve was founded and its ecosystem is absolutely amazing.

Despite its small size, Armenia is one of the most mountainous countries in the world as mountains make up almost 90% of the country.

3. Seasons in Armenia

Each season has a different beauty in the Caucasian country. You can hike in the colorful autumn mountains, ski and snowboard in Tsaghkadzor spa town in the winter, or chill out in green Dilijan guesthouses in the summer.

Spring is also special in Armenia because of the vibrant colors and blooming flowers saturating the country.

4. Armenian Culture and History

Armenia is one of those rare countries that still exists despite having more than 6000 years of history. Many civilizations have disappeared over the decades, but as a surprise to many, Armenia has managed to conserve its cultural heritage with traditions that still exist today.

There is a lot of archeological evidence that shows existing civilizations in the Bronze Age in the modern theory of Armenia dating back to 4000 BC.

It’s possible to see heritage from the different stages of Armenian history, like the Pagan Temple of Garni or the Christian churches in Etchmiadzin that were one of the first in history as Armenia was the first country that adopted Christianity as a state religion in 301 AD.

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

Armenians were always famous for creating art from stone because of its abundance in the country. This is evident from the Pagan frescas and Christian cross-stones (khachkars) alongside the mesmerizing churches and temples around the country, and the ruins of the castles and caves that have their hidden secrets.

The strongest and most famous king in Armenian history was King of the Kings Tigranes the Great (95–55 BC), under which the Armenian kingdom became one of the strongest kingdoms of that time. During that period, the Armenian empire spread from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean Sea.

When is the Best Time to Visit Armenia?

Armenian has pretty much all types of weather- from hot summers to dry, cold winters with significant amounts of snow in almost all regions of the country.

The hottest time in Armenia is from June to September when the temperature can fluctuate between 37- 40 Celsius, but the evenings promise a cool breeze coming from the mountains. Temperatures also depend on where you are in the country; it’s not as hot in the north compared to the south during the summer.

Winters in Armenia are dry and cold, and during this time temperatures can drop as low as -15 Celsius. However, winter activities and sports are easily accessible, such as skiing in Ashotsk or Tsaghkadzor where you can enjoy cross country skiing, downhill skiing, snowboarding, and winter hikes in the places.

Another plus of visiting Armenia during the winter is spending New Year’s there as the country is basically partying the entire time. Also, accommodation and Yerevan Airbnbs are comparably cheap during that period.

Once it’s spring in Armenia , like in many places, the weather in Armenia becomes pleasant and many festivals like Yerevan wine days, BBQ fest and the Urvakan electronic music festival take place in the country.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

Summers in Armenia are the perfect time to take multiple day trips from Yerevan to all throughout the country when the weather’s hot and you will have a unique opportunity to discover an ancient country. Within approximately 10 days, you can see amazing cultural and historical heritage.

Our favorite season is autumn in Armenia .  This is when the weather is just perfect for outdoor activities, camping, and day trips. In our opinion, the beginning of autumn is the best time to visit Armenia .  It is just so picturesque!

From Dilijan’s lush forest to Noravank Monastery’s surrounding area, you will see the true colors of Armenian nature during fall.

What is Armenia Known For?

As we mentioned before, Armenia is an ancient country and its heritage from different times in history is unique and somewhat well-known worldwide.

The small country has many sights that are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List and there are still many undiscovered places that are gaining more and more interest from archaeologists.

Below are a few things that have put Armenia on the map.

5. First Christian Nation in the World

Armenia is the first country that adopted Christianity as an official state religion in 301 AD, over 1700 years ago.

The major figure of the spread of Christianity in Armenia was Gregory The Illuminator who was first dungeoned because of his religious view in Khor Virap . He was imprisoned for 13 years but was later released by Tiridates III.

Gregory the Illuminator is the founder of the Armenian Church and responsible for Armenia becoming a Christian nation.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

The Armenian Church is known as apostolical because of two students, Bartholomew and Thaddeus of Jesus. Thaddeus came to Armenia to try to spread Christianity after his crucifixion.

The first Christian churches in Armenia, and probably some of the first ones in the world, were built and still exist in the city of Etchmiadzin today.  The city name translates to “the only born came down”.

Etchmiadzin Cathedral, St. Hripsime, Zvartnots church ruins, and others are protected by UNESCO World Heritage today and are some of the top things to see in Armenia.

6. UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Armenia

As just mentioned, the churches and cathedrals in and around Etchmiadzin are protected by UNESCO.

Other important places that are UNESCO sites in Armenia are Geghard Monastery and the Upper Azat Valley and the Monasteries of Haghpat and Sanahin .

7. Armenian Duduk

For more than 3000 years, this amazing instrument, with soul touching sounds, has existed in Armenia and when it’s being played, it feels like time stops.

Duduk, or the original historical name Tsiranapogh, is an Armenian wooden instrument that looks very simple at first glance and in translation means “apricot made clarinet”.

The sound of the Armenian duduk is so magical that it was placed on the list of Masterpieces of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO .

8. Ararat Mountain

A legendary and iconic mountain for all Armenians that is technically located in the modern territory of Turkey is the mountain ‘Ararat’, also known as Holy Mountain.

Ararat is a two-peak mountain made up of small Sis and big Masis mountains and has been represented in Armenian history since ancient times, known as a holy mountain and symbol with an elevation of 5,137 meters.

It is a Biblical mountain since it is mentioned in the Bible that Noah’s ark landed on Mount Ararat and it is where life supposedly started after the flood.

On a beautiful, clear day, it is possible to see Ararat from the capital Yerevan and you can admire its beauty, might, and harmony.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

9. Lavash (Bread)

A unique flatbread that is in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity is Lavash .

Not a single ingredient has changed over the centuries in the preparation of ancient Lavash bread in Armenia… even the cooking method has remained the same!

Armenian traditional lavash has very simplistic ingredients but it is one of the tastiest bread in the world. It consists of flour, water, and salt. That’s it!

Lavash is baked in the traditional tonir (tandoor), a clay hole in the ground. That is how the bread has been baked for centuries and you can even see it baked in several places in Armenia today this way (including some restaurants that have open kitchens like Sherep and Lavash ).

In Armenia, there is a special name for cheese and herbs wrapped in a lavash – ‘ bruch ‘. It’s one of the simplest, yet most delicious things in the world.

Another interesting fact about lavash bread is that it’s possible to dry it and keep it for over 6 months, then wet it when ready to eat. Armenians have been doing this for centuries and it lasts without any problems.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

10. Khor Virap Monastery

Translated from Armenian, Khor Virap means deep dungeon and this is where Gregory The Illuminator was jailed for 14 years.

Khor Virap is one of the most special places to visit in Armenia because of its location and a mind-blowing view of Mount Ararat.

The 5th-century Church of the Holy Mother of God that is located on a hilltop gives it another charm and is an amazing addition to the view of Mount Ararat, which seems surprisingly really close despite being rather far away by distance.

Khor Virap is surrounded by green fields and vineyards and the monastery is one of the gems of Armenia that no one should miss when visiting the country (or Ararat marz !).

It is also extremely easy to get from Yerevan to Khor Virap with options on public transportation, as well as affordable tour options.

11. Ararat Brandy

Like we mentioned before Mount Ararat and its name is iconic and very popular among Armenians. You will see many brands that have Ararat in their name but one of the most popular brands which exist in Armenia and is known worldwide is Ararat Brandy (or cognac as the locals say).

The legendary and famous Ararat brandy factory is located in Yerevan on top of a hill next to the Hrazdan gorge and has a big history and legacy to tell.

Armenian Brandy actually gained popularity at the beginning of the 20-century because of Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill.

At the Yalta Conference in 1945, Joseph Stalin presented Winston Churchill with a bottle of Ararat Brandy (Dvin).  Winston Churchill, a fervent brandy lover, fell in love with Ararat Brandy and as a result, Stalin sent Churchill 400 bottles of Dvin batch Ararat Brandy annually.

Hrazdan Gorge things to do and Yerevan off the path guide

For Armenians, besides wine, cognac has to be of top quality and that quality has been delivered for more than 100 years by Ararat brandy and this is just one more thing that puts Armenia on the map.

It’s also possible to take a tour of the factory to see how Ararat brandy is made, learn the history of the factory, and enjoy the brandy itself with some great dried fruits and chocolate.

12. Armenian Carpets (Rugs)

For centuries, Armenians have been known for creating one of the best and most beautiful carpets in the world. It is a tradition to have a carpet inside an Armenian house as a part of the interior decoration.

It is possible to see how carpets and rugs are made in Armenia at the Megerian Carpet Center or Tufenkian Hotel next to the Vernissage.

The traditional ornaments are made by hand just like it was done centuries ago and these masterpieces are truly pleasing to the eye.

13. Khachkars

A unique and typical Armenian stone art known as ‘khachkars’ (cross-stones) is one of the most popular art forms from Armenia.

A khachkar is a big piece of stone with Christian art carved into it coming from the 4th-century that shows the skills of the Armenian masters. There are still thousands of khachkars from ancient times that have been preserved until this day.

How to Easily Get From Yerevan to Noratus Cemetery

Because it is so special to Armenia, it is no surprise that its ornaments and symbols are included in the UNESCO list of Intangible Cultural Heritage.

One of the most famous places to see Armenian khachkars from various decades of Armenian history is at Noratus Cemetery . At Noratus, it is possible to see cross-stones from the 10th-century! It is truly a fascinating, open-air museum.

14. History of the Silk Road in Armenia

When people think of the Silk Road, they more often than not think of China and Central Asia.  However, Armenia, like other places in the Caucasus, played an important role in the trading on the Silk Road, especially Artashat.

While many remnants and traces of the Silk Road are gone in this part of the world, you can still see traces down in Vayots Dzor region at Orbelyan’s Caravanserai , an important inn for traders that existed and was saved.

15. Pomegranates and Apricots

Pomegranate is not only a fruit that grows in Armenia and Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh), but it is also phenomenal and widely used in the food and is also one of the most popular symbols for Armenia used in art and architecture.

Walking down the streets of Yerevan, it is possible to see pomegranates engraved and carved into the buildings’ facades.

Nowhere else in the world do apricots (tsiran) grow and taste as delicious as they do in Armenia. The ancient fruit, mentioned in many old manuscripts, is truly the pride of Armenia.

Even the famous Duduk (Tsiranapogh) is made from the apricot tree. The fruit is widely used in Armenia and gets exported to many countries every year.

You will also find pomegranate and apricots used in foods and wines.

16. First Winery in the World

If you didn’t already know, the first winery known to the modern world was founded in Armenia in Areni village. It dates all the way back to 6100 BC.

Areni is known to be one of the most popular wine regions of Armenia where the highest quality libation is made, so it was no surprise that they discovered the oldest winery in the world inside the Areni-1 Cave .

In Areni-1, it is possible to see where the wine was made and how the ancient, clay wine barrels were dug into the soil.

Saryan Street Yerevan Armenia - In Vino Wine Bar

In some of those barrels, young female bones were discovered as signs of sacrifice. It’s a truly unique place to visit in Armenia and to be able to see the traces from the world’s oldest winery.

Besides the winery, in the same Areni-1 cave, the world’s oldest leather shoe was discovered. It is approximately 5,500 years old.

17. Temple of Garni (Pagan Temple)

Even though Armenia has a big Christian history, its Pagan history is just as important. The perfect example is the one and only preserved Pagan Temple in the country. The Temple of Garni dates back to 1 AD and was dedicated to the God of Sun Mihr.

It is truly an amazing gem located on the edge of the Azat gorge, yet another mind-blowing location that the ancient Armenian kings and queens used as a royal summer house.

The Temple of Garni is one of the most beloved places for travelers to visit because of its interesting structure and impressive location in the Caucasus region.

18. Tatev Monastery

If you want to learn about the spiritual life of Armenia, then it is a must to take a trip to Tatev Monastery . It has breathtaking architecture and is a spiritual Christian construction isolated from the world on the edge of the Vorotan River.

The 9th-century Tatev Monastery complex and the fortifications is an iconic Christian symbol of Armenia. It is located up in the mountains.  That is why, based on ancient myths, it is called Tatev, which translates to “give wings” in Armenian.

In the Middle Ages, Tatev Monastery was known as one of the best universities in Armenia where it was possible to study religion, science, and philosophy.

To get to Tatev Monastery, you need to ride on the world’s longest reversible aerial tramway  that is 5.7 km long. The ride is gorgeous and the views are mesmerizing- you get the feeling that you are flying in the sky as you cross the gorge. This is why the tramway was given the name Wings of Tatev .

19. Armenia’s Velvet Revolution in 2018

Armenia has a remarkable ancient history and heritage, but modern Armenia also shows the world its effort to create a great democratical environment for its citizens and all the visitors of this beautiful country.

In an effort to move forward in 2018, the Armenian nation initiated a peaceful velvet revolution to remove its then-corrupt party from power as it was not leading the country with a democratic lifestyle or standards.

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

Armenia’s example of a peaceful velvet revolution was exceptional for many post-Soviet countries showcasing that one small country facing many problems with corruption was able to unite and, without any victims, make changes to their country and its political system.

20. Yerevan Metro

Built during the Soviet-era and becoming fully operational in 1981, the Yerevan Metro is probably one of the smallest metro systems in all post-Soviet countries. However, it is one of the best secrets of Yerevan as it is affordable, efficient, and will get you from point A to point B.

The Armenian government is working on opening more metro stops and the construction has already started. The current number of stops is limited (only ten!) but are very clean and have artistic designs.

The most noticeable Yerevan metro station is the post-modern Yeritasardakan (Youth) Station and the beautiful fountains at the Republic Square Station .

The full length of the metro is 13.4 km and the working hours are from 6.30am to 11pm. The price of a ticket is 100 AMD and you will notice that plastic coins are still being used in Armenia but there is talk that that will change in the near future.

21. Armenian Language

The Armenian language is an Indo-European language and is considered to be one of the oldest in the world. The Armenian alphabet was invented by Mesrop Mashtots in 406 AD and faced several evolutions during the coming centuries.

In the language in Armenia, there is a “dead language” called Graphar. It is used during church ceremonies, but not in daily life.

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

Nowadays, the Armenian language is divided into two parts: Western Armenian , which is used by the diaspora, and Eastern Armenian , which is used in Armenia today.

There are 39 letters in the Armenian alphabet and it is considered a national point of pride of the nation… so much that there is a monument dedicated to the Armenian Alphabet’s 1600th anniversary.

With an ancient alphabet, Armenia has many unique Armenian expressions that only other Armenians understand!

22. Western Armenia

The modern territory of Armenia is only 30% of what its historical territory was. The lands and territories have changed so many times throughout history.

Armenia used to be a lot bigger (territory-wise) in the past, but after the Armenian Genocide in 1915 and after becoming part of the Soviet Union, it lost its historical territories. Still today, Armenians refer to these lands as Western Armenia even though they fall under present-day Turkey.

Western Armenia used to be one of the biggest cultural and industrial centers of the region, and cities like Kars and Ani were the result of Armenians’ brilliant architectural and business minds.

Still today, there are many historical remains, churches, and cities that showcase why Armenians still consider Western Armenia a historical homeland.

23. Chess in Armenia

Despite its small population of only 3 million, Armenia has gained popularity around the world for its love and success at the game of chess.

Armenians love playing chess and it’s even part of their school program because they believe that the love for this intellectual game should start at a young age.

This small country has had several World Chess Champions : grandmaster Tigran Petrosian, Levon Aronian (one of the leaders of FIDE’s ranking list), and the Armenian National Chess team- which won the World Team Championship, European Team Championship, and the Chess Olympiad.

If you are a chess fan, then it’s just another reason to visit Armenia as it’s one of the most beloved games in the country, played from people’s backyards to international professional stages.

24. Armenian Genocide

One of the most tragic historical events that happened to Armenians and the Armenian nation is the Armenian Genocide . It was the first genocide of the 20th-century.

The horrific massacre happened in 1915 by the Turkish ‘Young Turks’ ruling party and as a result, 1,500,000 people lost their lives.

The Armenian nation not only lost many of its residents’ lives during this time but also a significant part of its historical homeland (Western Armenia).

This is why there are over 10,000,000 Armenians living outside of Armenia today.

Things to know before you come to Armenia

Each year on April 24th, a march takes place to the Tsitsernakaberd Genocide Memorial in Yerevan where the whole nation pays respect to the victims of the tragedy.

25. The Armenian Diaspora (and Famous Armenians)

One interesting fact about the Armenian people and its population is that there are more Armenians living outside of Armenia these days than inside of it.  Armenia has one of the biggest diaspora in the world and it is really large in countries like the USA, Russia, and France.

Today, there is over 10,000,000 diaspora and the reason dates back to the Armenian Genocide, as mentioned above.

Americans may know of some of the famous diaspora Armenians .  Some of them are the Kardashians, Cher, Andre Agassi, Michael Vartan, Dita von Teese, Alex Ohanian (Reddit founder), Joe Manganiello, System of a Down, and more.

26. Gyumri Earthquake (Spitak Earthquake)

On December 7th, 1988, another tragedy took place in the cities of Gyumri and Spitak; they were hit by a 7-magnitude earthquake.

Gyumri is the artistic city of Armenia and has always been known as the creative center of Armenia. The devastating earthquake damaged the city very badly, mostly destroying Soviet-era buildings and a part of the Old City.

Things to do in Gyumri Armenia-4

More than 40,000 people died due to the devastating consequences of the earthquake.  Even in Gyumri today, there are remnants of this earthquake as the city is still in the rebuilding process.

There are many things to do in Gyumri , and we suggest finding some small businesses to support while there as many of the owners were actually impacted by this disaster decades ago.

27. Miscellaneous Armenia Facts and Info

Getting around armenia.

Public transportation in Armenian is still in the development stages and new transport options are being implemented in the transport system.

Usually, there are minibusses (marshrutkas) connecting Armenian cities. These might not be the most comfortable option to get around so that’s why many travelers prefer to take taxis or to rent a car while traveling in Armenia.

What to know before you travel to Armenia

Trains are also an option, but for now, the new trains will only take you from Yerevan to Gyumri . I believe there is one going to Masis, also.  It is one of the most comfortable and fast train rides in the country. The other option is to take the old, Soviet trains.

Yerevan-Gyumri price for new train ride – 2500 AMD ($6)

Yerevan- Gyumri price for old train ride – 1500 ($3)

28. Currency of Armenia

The Armenian national currency is called the dram (AMD) and is represented by the following symbol: ֏

The currency fluctuates a bit but is currently around $1 = 500 AMD .  It is possible to change out your money nearly anywhere in Yerevan.

You will see more currency exchanges here than perhaps anywhere else you travel.  Even shoe stores sometimes have currency exchanges!  Grocery stores almost always will have them too.

29. North Armenia Does Not Look Like South Armenia

As we mentioned before, Armenia is a diverse country in a small territory where one tunnel ride can change a bold, rocky landscape into lush, green gorges and a mountain range.

Armenia is a country of contrast and is easy to travel in… if you have a car. The more north you drive, the more you will see green mountains, lakes located in hidden spots surrounded by nature, deep caves, and many more spectacular places.

Driving towards the south of the country from Yerevan, the nature and landscape change into an arid and beige wonderland, complete with a unique ecosystem that is completely different from that of the north of the country.

You can find green landscapes present throughout the entire country but its percentage varies depending on whether you’re in the north or the south.

30. Usage of Tuff in Architecture

A unique architectural material that defines Armenian architecture is the volcanic stone ‘tuff’. Tuff has been widely used in Armenia for centuries as constructing material and it’s also used in art and in some other spheres.

The capital of Armenia, Yerevan, is known as a pink city because the main material that was used to build it was pink volcanic tuff stone and it illuminates the city in a hue of the same color during certain times of the day.

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

But tuff is not only pink, but it also has other colors as well. Black tuff was used to build the old city of Gyumri and the architecture in Gyumri stands out like no other in the country of Armenia!

31. Sidewalk Cafes in Yerevan Saturate the Streets

Yerevan has a great cafe culture , and it is one of the main attractions of the city. You can cafes everywhere, especially in the city center and it really gives the city a charming and cozy feeling.

Saryan Street , or ‘wine street’, is one of those places where little wine shops line up the sidewalk and both locals and travelers can enjoy the charming atmosphere of an evening in Yerevan.

Yerevan Cascade is a huge platform of stairs and one of the gems of the city. At the Cascades, you can also experience great cafe culture through different indoor and outdoor cafes and restaurants.

In general, Yerevan is a city of sidewalk cafes and the choice is huge!

32. Visa to Armenia

Do you need a visa for Armenia?   You might be surprised.

While the country is open to so many foreigners and for long durations of time (as an American, I have very lenient laws about being in Armenia), other nationalities are not quite as lucky.

For example, passport holders from Canada and India both need to apply for an Armenian visa (e-visas) in advance.  Rules are constantly changing, so be sure to check before your trip to see if you need a visa or not.

Click here to see the updated list at the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

33. Architecture in Armenia

In our opinion, one of the coolest things about visiting Armenia is seeing a dynamic range of architecture in the country.

As mentioned earlier in the post, pink tuff or black tuff was a commonly used building material in Armenia and the traces of that are evident, especially in Yerevan and Gyumri.

Another interesting thing about the architecture in Armenia is that you can see so many influences throughout history based on the buildings and ruins.

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

When people think about architecture in Armenia, monasteries typically come to mind.  Or, Soviet architecture.  We could go into excessive detail about Armenian architecture and will need to do so in another post in the near future.  But, do know that the architecture here is extremely fascinating and many prolific buildings represent different eras of history and styles.

Soviet Architecture in Armenia

Many foreigners flock to Armenia to see the country’s Soviet architecture.  A lot of Soviet pieces have held up well in Armenia due to the construction with durable and tough materials and the Armenian influence on many pieces of Soviet architecture is unique compared to anywhere else in the former-USSR.

Again, we will have an entire post on this in the near future but some of the most popular Soviet architecture in Armenia masterpieces are: the Cascades, Yerevan Central Railway Station , Zvartnots Airport Tower (original), Sevan Writers’ House, Moscow Cinema, Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory, Gyumri Shirak Airport, Jermuk cultural center, and much, much more.

34. Armenian Food and Drink

One of the greatest things about Armenia is its food and cuisine.  Food in Armenia is light and makes use of seasonal and local ingredients better than most cuisines these days.

You will find that Armenian food will feel a bit familiar and a bit foreign, all at the same time.  There are influences from Iran, Russia, Turkey, the Middle East, and Georgia in the cuisine, but many of these ‘familiarities’ are traced back so that the food either comes from these areas or Armenia actually influenced certain dishes in the aforementioned places.

Tasty Vegan & Vegetarian Restaurants in Yerevan

Nevertheless, the Armenian food is insanely good in winter or in summer!

Vegetables and fruits in Armenia are juicy and flavorful.  You will find a heavy usage of meat but also a heavy usage of vegetables, making the country fairly ideal for vegetarians without any intent to do so.

Some very popular dishes to try in Armenia are as follows:

  • spas (a yogurt-like soup with mint and other herbs)
  • kufta (pounded meat dish with tons of flavor – two types in Armenia: ishli or Echmiadzin)
  • ghapama (rice with dried fruits and lavash cooked inside of a pumpkin or gourd – eaten in winter)
  • khash (a soup made from boiled cow or sheep parts – eaten in late autumn or winter in the mornings)
  • plov with dried fruits (rice with dried fruits)
  • dolma (grape leave stuffed with deliciousness such as rice, meat, and veggies)
  • basooc dolma (vegetarian dolma)
  • lyulya kebab (minced meat grilled with other flavors and spices)
  • khorovats (Armenian BBQ)
  • gata (a sweet pastry that is highly addictive due to its deliciousness)
  • harissa (a porridge with pulled meat served with butter… this is not like North African harissa!)
  • lahmajo (an eastern style pizza – often referred to as ‘Turkish pizza’ in western Europe)
  • summer salad (a garden salad made with tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, and herbs)
  • zhingyalov hats (a bread stuffed with many green herbs originating from Artsakh and Syunik region)
  • basturma (dried and spiced meat)
  • bakhlava (common across many places in this region)

Obviously, with all of these prepared items above come some other specific items like Armenian cheese , condiments, pickled veggies, and more.  Armenian food truly is the best and there is something to satisfy everyone.

Ingredients in Armenian Cuisine

While the above detailed specific dishes, we thought it would be necessary to list some common ingredients you’ll find in Armenia.

Yes, many are vegetables and you can easily find vegetarian food in Yerevan , but you do need to ask to double-check no meat or animal products were used when ordering if you’re vegan or vegetarian (a lot of food here is ‘accidentally’ vegan or vegetarian).

The ingredients listed are ones that you will see often across several dishes.

Here are some popular ingredients in Armenian cuisine:

  • Cilantro (coriander)
  • Pomegranate
  • Salt (Armenians use a lot of salt!)
  • Lavash (Armenian bread)

35. Armenian Coffee

Armenians love their coffee and you will likely be served it a couple of times a day if you’re hanging around a local.  Armenian coffee is similar to coffee you’ll find in other countries in the region and even into the Balkans (often referred to as Turkish coffee… but you will never refer to it that way here).

You can buy bags of freshly grounded coffee at all grocery stores and several shops in the city.  You will need a jazzve (way to cook the coffee on a stovetop) and a small cup to serve it into.

Are you into specialty coffee?  Don’t worry – Yerevan has third-wave coffee shops too!

35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

The rest is history!

We hope that this guide will help you prepare a bit for your trip to Armenia , or at least give you an overview of things we think will be helpful before you visit Armenia.  If you have any additional questions, please leave a comment below or send us an email.  We are happy to help!

This guide was aimed at foreigners unfamiliar with Armenia, its food, culture, and history.  This is not a guide written for Armenians… so if we explain customs or food in a way that an Armenian may not like, we did it with intent to help those traveling here.  Thanks in advance!

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What to know before you visit Armenia | Travel to Armenia #travel #armenia #yerevan #gyumri #caucasus | Armenia Trips | Visit Yerevan | Places to Visit in Armenia | Armenia nature | Armenia Travel Guide | What to see in Armenia | Soviet Armenia | Armenia architecture | Armenia photography | Armenian food | Armenia religion | Armenia churches | Armenia wine | Armenia history | Armenia facts

9 thoughts on “ 35 Very Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia ”

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Very interesting and informative article. I am a quarter Armenian living in the U.S. I grew up with more exposure to the other side of my heritage and am now interested in learning more about my Armenian culture. You have inspired me to start digging deeper and, hopefully, plan an adventure someday.

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Very informative. Hoping to visit Armenia in the near future. Thank you

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is so loving i will love to visit Armenia to see all this by myself .

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Honestly, it was the Duduk recording that led me to Google Armenia. The sound is very mystical, “bringing me to the mountain forest of Caucasus”. I wish to visit this interesting and historical country one day. By the way, I am from bali, Indonesia.

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After reading this I want to go to Armenia…tomorrow! Actually I plan a road trip on my motorcycle from Greece to Armenia for this summer. I have one question, how things are with stray dogs in Armenia? I’ve read several negative stories about its population and attacks to people. How things are today? Thank you in advance

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My new bus driver in montreal, canada, is armenian. He is a lovely man and you have shown me all about his country. Thank you for all your information.

🙂 You are Welcome!

' src=

Great work. Thanks.

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Hello Jetlag

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // An Essential Break Down

 In an era where a single Google search will pull up thousands of blog posts and magazine worthy photos for any given destination, I was surprised at how few Armenia travel tips and guides I could find online. This posed a unique situation where we actually had to jump in feet first and really explore for ourselves. We divided the country in thirds, rented a car, and just drove. Of course, there was some trial and error, but this was one of the most exciting trips I’ve taken in a while.

In this complete Armenia travel guide, pick up some of the helpful tips we learned along our journey, discover the best time to visit, get an idea of how much things cost, what foods you have to try, plus much more.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

BASIC ARMENIA TRAVEL INFORMATION

The ideal time for Armenia travel is late May to early June, or late September to early October.

RAINFALL November is the wettest month. March and April historically have a good amount of rain but the weather was beautiful (with no rain) when we were there in late March. HOTTEST/COLDEST MONTHS The hottest months are July and August, with highs in the 90’sF (around 35C). The coldest months are December to February, with highs in January topping 2F ( 35C) and lows dipping down to 19F (-7C). DAYLIGHT HOURS June and July have the longest amount daylight (around 13 hours), with December through February offering up only 7 hours of daylight each day.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

Whether or not you need a visa to enter Armenia will depend on your passport.

  • All European Union citizens as well as citizens of the United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom do not need a visa prior to arrival.
  • Canadian citizens do require a visa but can obtain it upon arrival for 15,000AMD ($30CAD).
  • Citizens of Africa (except South Africa) cannot obtain a visa upon arrival . They can only apply at an Armenian diplomatic or consular post, and only with an invitation.

To view the visa requirements for all countries, click here. 

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

CURRENCY Armenia operates on the Armenian Dram. Credit cards are widely accepted in the city and ATMs are relatively easy to find.

$1 USD = 487AMD $1 AUD = 367AMD $1 CAD = 381AMD £1 = 580AMD €1 = 658 AMD For current exchange rates, or if your country is not listed above click here.

RESTAURANTS  I had a difficult time finding an accurate Armenia travel guide regarding tipping. From what I understand, tipping is common in Yerevan restaurants. My Armenian friend Val (who I’m so grateful to for all of her tips) says that there is no minimum and no expectation, however it’s “greatly appreciated regardless of the percentage.” So anywhere from 5% (on small bills) to 10-20% for restaurants with great service. TAXIS  When taking a taxi, you can round up on the fare. HOTELS  Nick was in Armenia for business so we were lucky to get the opportunity to stay at the Multi Grand Hotel. When ordering room service, we attempted to tip several times and our efforts were denied.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

ELECTRICITY

220V / 50 Hz

POWER SOCKETS

The most comment power socket in Armenia is Type C – Non Grounded. You might also run into Type F – Grounded. (We brought only a Type C converter and had no issues).

WiFi is readily available (fast and free!) in Yerevan, and you’ll find it in every restaurant, hotel and coffee shop. Outside of the city, WiFi is a little harder to come by, but we didn’t have a problem finding some when we really needed it.

WHAT THINGS COST

One of the best things about Armenia is how inexpensive it is. Typically, things will cost more in Yerevan and much less in the rest of the country. During our road trip to the North, we stopped by a market to pick up some snacks. We bought homemade bread bigger than both of our faces combined, 2 beers, 2 baklava desserts and some sheep’s cheese for a grand total of less than $6 USD. Here are some approximate Armenia travel expenses to give you an idea of how to budget your trip.

FOOD Inexpensive meal: 1,500 to 3,000AMD ($3-6USD) Dinner for 2 (appetizers, meals + drinks): 10,000-15,000AMD ($20-30)

HOTELS  Hostels 4,800-9,700AMD ($10-20USD) Mid-Range 25,000-60,000 ($50-$120USD) Luxury: 85,000-150,000AMD ($175-300 USD)

DRINKS Cappuccino 600-1,400AMD ($1.20-2.75USD) Domestic Beer -Restaurant: 1,058AMD ($2) Domestic Beer – Grocery Store: 380AMD ($0.76USD) Wine – Restaurant: 700-800AMD ($1.5-$2USD) Bottle of Wine – Grocery Store: 1450AMD ($3USD) Cocktails: 2,432 ($5USD)

TRANSPORTATION Taxis meters start at 600AMD ($1.20USD) and cost 160.93 per mile ($0.33USD). Bus Tickets are 100AMD ($0.20USD)

Northern Armenia // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

WHAT TO EAT AND DRINK

Armenia’s food won me over.. big time. Just about every traditional restaurant has a massive menu with tons of options, so it can get a little overwhelming if you’re not familiar with the cuisine. Here is a list of some of the most popular and traditional Armenian dishes that you have to try.

BASTURMA is a highly seasoned, air-dried cured beef, and it’s a common appetizer in Armenia. We were served basturma as part of the cold plate during several of our breakfasts. My friend Val recommends trying it in an omelet. KHOROVADZ  is Armenian barbecue, and it’s one of the most typical foods you’ll find in Armenia. Pork is the most common meat, but you can also order chicken, lamb, beef and fish BBQ. If you don’t eat meat, there are tons of vegetable barbecue options. I fell in love with the the mushroom BBQ and ordered it at every meal. DOLMA  is a traditional Armenian dish made of grape leaves, ground beef, rice, plus herbs and spices.  Dolma can also be ordered without meat.

 Food You Have to Try in Armenia // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

BUREG (also known as Borek or Borag) is a staple in Armenian food. It’s a baked pastry made with thin flakey dough and filled with cheese. LAVASH is a thin unleavened flatbread.. and you cannot leave Armenia without trying it. Not to worry though because if you forget to order it, the waiter will always remind you. At Lavash and Sherep restaurants in Yerevan, you can watch the lavash making process which only adds to the level of appreciation you will have for it once it hits your table. BRANDY (COGNAC) Armenian Brandy is considered to be some of the best in the world and for a short period of time, they were even allowed the prestigious honor of calling their product “cognac.” Armenian brandy was most famously known as the drink of choice for Winston Churchill and they boast gold medals in spirits competitions around the world.

RELATED POST : THE BEST YEREVAN RESTAURANTS // WHERE TO EAT IN ARMENIA’S CAPITAL

10 ARMENIA TRAVEL TIPS TO MAKE THE MOST OF YOUR VACATION

ASK TAXIS TO USE THEIR METER  During our time in Yerevan, the only taxi drivers who voluntarily turned on their meter without us having to ask were the ones who were called by our hotel. If the meter does not get not turned on, the driver will quote you his own price at the end of the ride. A few times we forgot to ask about the meter, and the fare was triple what it normally was. We didn’t argue about it as it was only a few dollars difference, but I still hate getting up-charged for being a tourist.

TAXI DRIVERS  Speaking of taxi drivers.. very few spoke English. I recommend having the name of your destination written in Armenian so that they understand where you want to go (you can ask your hotel to help you). When we wanted to go to the Ararat Brandy Factory, our driver thought we asked him to take us to Mt. Ararat… in Turkey. Another time, on the the way back to our hotel, we had to pull up our Google Maps and navigate for him using hand signals. Luckily, they were all very sweet and willing to work with our lack of knowledge about the local language.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

PAY ATTENTION TO SPEED LIMITS  If you will be renting a car in Armenia, make sure to follow the speed limits! There are speed camera everywhere and we not only got pulled over, but we saw dozens of others fall prey to the cameras each day.

  • In towns, villages and cities– 60 km/h
  • Outside of towns, villages and cities – 90 km/h
  • On highways– 110 km/h
  • Residential areas – 20 km/h

For a huge list of tips about driving in Armenia, including what to expect if you get pulled over, check out my post below:

RELATED POST: ARMENIAN TRAVEL TIPS: EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT RENTING A CAR 

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

CREDIT CARDS  In the US, our credit cards don’t usually have pin codes. Apparently this is not the norm and we inadvertently caused extreme confusion when we didn’t have a pin to enter during credit card purchases. A few people assured us that they wouldn’t steal our money ( they must’ve though that didn’t want to give them the code for security reasons haha). To their surprise, the sale did eventually go through, but it took about 30 seconds.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

FREE PHONE CHARGING IN YEREVAN  If you find yourself running out of phone battery in Yerevan, head towards the Cascade Complex. There’s an open air bus/tourist information center parked out front with free phone charing.

CHECK OUT THE GROCERY STORE Walking through foreign grocery stores is one of my favorite things to do when I travel, and it was even more fun in Armenia because everything is cheap. While beer in your hotel mini bar might seem inexpensive ($2-3USD), you can find it in the grocery store for less than $1USD! Also stock up on fresh bread, homemade cheese and Armenian snacks.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

HOW TO TIP Unlike in the US, you tip when paying your bill. If you are paying by card,  let the server know how much extra to add to the bill. If you’re paying with cash, hand the tip over with your total.

SAFETY & SOLO FEMALE TRAVEL  Armenia is extremely safe and I would definitely feel comfortable returning here as a solo (female) traveler. They have a very low crime rate even in their biggest city, Yerevan.

If you don’t know anything about Armenia, you might look at where it’s located on a map, and group it in with high-risk countries such as Iraq and Afghanistan. However, Armenia is rated “low-risk” on the Global Terrorism Index  at #75 (for reference, the US sits much higher at #32). Also, the United States Government rates Armenia as “Level 1” – the lowest advisory level for safety and security risk.

Even though Armenia is safe, it’s advised to stay clear of the Azerbaijan border as relations between the two countries remains hostile. And as with any place you travel, always stay conscious of your surroundings.

Mt. Ararat from Khor Virap Monastery // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

TALK TO THE PEOPLE  I’ve never been looked at as strangely as I have in Armenia. We would drive through these tiny towns on our road trip throughout the country and people would not drop their gaze. At first I was a little uncomfortable but then I realized, they just don’t see that many tourists.

We started initiating contact first, and quickly discovered that the Armenian people are SO friendly. One of our taxi drivers called his daughter on speakerphone because she spoke better English than him, and he wanted us to talk to her. If we had a problem, people would go out of their way to help us.. like the time we got lost and a very nice man drew directions for us in the dirt. If you find yourself traveling in Armenia, I highly recommend trying to make a connection with the people. They played a big role in my fondness for this country.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

ARMENIA TRAVEL HIGHLIGHTS // WHERE TO GO

Northern armenia.

DILIJAN A town in Northern Armenia also known as “Little Switzerland” because of it’s dense forests and snowcapped mountains. Dilijan is a good jumping off point for Haghartsin and Goshavank Monasteries.

HAGHARTSIN MONASTERY A 13th century monastery located in the Tavush province. Haghartsin is one of the most visited monasteries in Armenia and is known for it’s incredible location tucked amongst the trees, on the top of a hill.

RELATED POST: HAGHARTSTIN MONASTERY // ARMENIA’S HIDDEN MOUNTAIN GEM

Lori Province in Northern Armenia // // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

LORI PROVINCE One of the most beautiful provinces in Armenia. It includes towns such as Stepanavan, Alaverdi and Spitak. In Lori Province you can visit the Lori Berd Fortress, Haghpat Monastery and Sanahin Monastery.

RELATED POST: AVAN DZORAGET HOTEL // A PEACEFUL RETREAT IN LORI PROVINCE

LAKE SEVAN   The largest body of water in Armenia and one of the highest altitude lakes in the world. Lake Sevan is a popular Armenia travel getaway for those looking to escape the Summer heat and relax on some sandy beaches. Also be sure to visit Sevanavank Monastery, located right on the shore of the Lake.

Savanavank Monastery // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

GOSHAVANK  Located 15km from Dilijan, Goshavank is a 12th century monastery that used to be one of the leading spiritual and educational-cultural centers of medieval Armenia.

SOUTHERN ARMENIA

JERMUK  A mountain spa town located in the Vayots Dzor Province of Southern Armenia. Most of the country’s mineral water comes from here and it’s a popular destination for those seeking out mineral spa treatments and hot springs.

ARENI  Armenia’s wine region which was said to have been founded by Noah and his sons (from the Christian Bible). The world’s oldest winery was discovered here in the Areni-1 cave, which you can tour.

Areni Wine Country in Southern Armenia // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

As you drive through the village, you’ll pass dozens of stands with vendors selling homemade wine out of old water jugs and coke bottles. Or you can visit Hin Areni winery for a tour and tasting. We ended up buying 4 bottles of Hin Areni wine (including their reserve) and it cost less than $30USD.

NORAVANK MONASTERY A 13th century monastery located within a deep gorge created by the Amaghu River. Noravank is definitely worth visiting because the scenery is breathtaking. You can combine your visit with a stop in Areni as it’s only 10km (6 miles) apart.

RELATED POST: NORAVANK MONASTERY // A MUST VISIT SITE IN SOUTHERN ARMENIA

Noravank Monastery // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

TATEV MONASTERY I highly regret not   making it to this monastery. It was a little too far away to turn into a day trip, and we just ran out of time. Tatev Monastery’s location looks breathtakingly gorgeous, situated on a basalt plateau in the Syunik Province. To reach the monastery, you have to travel on the world’s longest cable car, the Wings of Tatev.

Google it. Trust me.

CENTRAL ARMENIA

KHOR VIRAP Armenia’s most visited pilgrimage site. Khor Virap is said to have been the site where Saint Gregory the Illuminator was imprisoned for 13 years before successfully converting King Trdat to Christianity, thus making Armenia the world’s first Christian nation. In addition to it’s religious significance, Khor Virap also offers one of the best views of Mount Ararat (granted that it’s not covered by the clouds … like when we visited 🙁 ).

Khor Virap Monastery in Central Armenia // The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide: Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

GEGHARD MONASTERY Located in the Kotayak Province, Geghard Monastery was founded in the 4th century by Saint Gregory the Illuminator. It’s partially carved out of the mountain stone and is named after the spear that wounded Jesus during his crucifixion. The spear is said to have been housed here until it was moved to Armenia’s Ejmiatsin Cathedral.

TSAKHKADZOR  Located in the Kotayak Province, Tsakhkadzor is a popular ski resort town only only one hour from Yerevan. Kecharis Monastery and Makravank Monastery are nearby.

YEREVAN Armenia’s capital and the largest city in the country. Yerevan is also known as The Pink City because it’s buildings are made out of pink lava stone.

RELATED POST: 6 THINGS TO DO IN YEREVAN, ARMENIA 

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

 ARMENIA TRAVEL GUIDE  // WHAT TO WEAR

Despite being sandwiched between Muslim countries, Armenia is a Christian nation so there is no specific dress code to adhere to. Still, it appeared to be somewhat conservative as far as clothing goes, so airing on the side of modesty will help you fit in.

The women in Yerevan had great style; I’d describe it as casual chic with some funky touches here and there. I noticed a lot of blacks and neutrals, with subtle pops of color, cool shoes and of course, designer bags.

The climate changes throughout the country, so packing Armenia travel outfits with a few different layers is recommended. Even in the hot Summer, nights can get a little chilly.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // A Packing Guide to Help You Plan What Clothes to Wear in Yerevan, Armenia

BISHOP + YOUNG TANK | JUNK FOOD GRAPHIC TEE | TOPSHOP STRIPED TEE | FRAME HIGH RISE SKINNY JEANS | TOPSHOP DENIM SKIRT | J.CREW CROP PANTS | TOPSHOP CROPPED STRIPED JUMPSUIT  | T ORY BURCH FLATS | SAM EDELMAN MULE | GUCCI PURSE | FRANK & EILEEN CARDIGAN

Did I miss anything? Leave any of your Armenia travel tips in the comments!

Pin it // the ultimate armenia travel guide.

The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // Discover where to go and what to eat, plus the best time to visit, travel tips and more.

5 thoughts on “The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // An Essential Break Down”

What a great post! I totally agree with you, I very rarely see posts about Armenia and think you’ve done a great job of introducing me to the country, it sounds lovely 🙂

Hi Helena, Thank you so much!! Armenia was such a cool country, I hope you make it over there soon 🙂

We are 4 pax planning to visit armenia in mid october (total 7 days travel plan for ) from dubai. travel date oct 14 .

Request to provide a rough itinerary so that we could cover important tourist spots in important towns.

We are nature lovers..then we wish to experience fall season,snow & a daytime .We have to book accommodations at various places as per the itinerary.

please help.

Minju shikin

Hi Minji! I’ve written several posts about Armenia which can hopefully give you some ideas for your trip. https://hellojetlag.com/category/armenia/

I recommend consulting with a travel agent for a more personalized itinerary as they will be able to give you more suggestions beyond what I saw during my trip.

Hope this helps! Lindsey

I have been dreaming on traveling Armenia from long time back. Great sharing of the needed information.

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Planning to travel armenia 18 things you need to know.

18 things to know before you travel armenia

I think it’s fair to say Armenia is pretty off the beaten track. Which is why knowing these 18 things before you travel there is pretty useful!

Indeed before I adventured here, there were just a handful of bloggers writing about this country online.

So, after my amazing time there, I wanted to post an article that would give other travellers thinking of heading here a bit of heads up about what to expect.

Because it’s hard to know what to expect from Armenia isn’t it?!

The first nation in the world to adopt Christianity as its state religion, a former Soviet state and situated between Iran, Turkey and Azerbaijan, it’s fair to say Armenia isn’t easy to pigeonhole!

Positioned at a long-standing travel nexus, straddling the border between both Europe and Asia, Armenia is something of a puzzle… and all the more amazing for it I say!

So if you’re planning on heading to this lovely little country, first of all, congrats and second of all, strap in for this ride through the 18 things to know before you travel Armenia…

Related Posts

  • 21 Amazing Things to Do in Yerevan, Armenia
  • Top 25 Things To Do in the Caucasus Region
  • 21 Best Things to Do in Georgia

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#1 Visas for Armenia

Armenia, Road, Car

The first thing you need to know if you want to travel Armenia is if you can!

And by that I mean, do you need to get a visa?

If you’re travelling from the UK, the EU, Australia, New Zealand, the US or Canada, then the great news is that you don’t need a visa to visit Armenia and can just get a stamp on arrival, either at a land crossing or at the airport.

This is also true for the citizens of many other Middle Eastern nations, but do check before you travel as the rules can always change.

#2 Crossing Into Armenia By Land

Armenia, Yerevan, Old Building

Unsurprisingly many travellers combine the Caucasus countries together when they travel and, as such, lots of people cross into Armenia via the land border with Georgia.

There’s primarily 2 reasons for this:

#1 Flights from Europe to this part of the world are generally cheaper when they land in Georgia, especially if you get a budget airline flight to the city of Kutaisi. As always, use Skyscanner to find the best deal.

#2 Armenia does not have open land borders with 2 of its neighbours, namely Turkey (semi-frosty relations, although flights do run between these 2 countries) and Azerbaijan (severely frosty relations and disputed territory issues).

As such, the only countries you can cross in Armenia from / to by land are Georgia and Iran, and it’s obvious, which the more frequently travelled country of those 2 is.

In relation to point 2, you also need to watch if you have an Azerbaijani stamp in your passport, as sometimes this can cause problems when entering Armenia.

That said, I’ve heard that the Armenian immigration officials are way more chilled than the Azerbaijani ones, so I do recommend heading to Azerbaijan first, followed by Georgia and then Armenia if you’re hitting up the 3 all in one trip.

I made the land crossing with Georgia myself when exiting Armenia and can happily attest to the fact it was one of the easiest border crossings I’ve ever made in my life.

Local minivans (mushrutkas) regularly ply the route between the 2 capitals of Yerevan and Tbilisi in a hurtling and hair-raising 7 hour journey through the countryside that costs around 7000 Armenian Dram … enjoy!

#3 Arriving By Air

Armenia, Yerevan, Statue

Otherwise, if you’re arriving into Armenia via a flight, like I did, you’ll be arriving into the country’s only international airport just outside of the capital of Yerevan.

The cheapest flights generally arrive here from Dubai and Istanbul, so check out FlyDubai and Pegasus Airlines via Skyscanner if you’re looking to score a well-priced ticket.

The airport is small, but clean and efficient.

Pass immigration, grab your bag, use the ATM for some local currency and even get a SIM card if you need one – more about this in #18 of this article.

You can then grab a taxi to the city centre / your accommodation, but do not pay more than 4000 Armenian Dram.

Alternatively, use an Armenian ride-sharing app to get to the centre – more in #7.

#4 Best Time to Visit Armenia?

Armenia, Yerevan, Old Ruins

Armenia has a crazy climate, in that it goes from freezing cold in the winter to boiling hot in the summer!

I guess that’s the reality of being a landlocked, mountainous country!

As a result of the climate variation, I honestly think the perfect time to travel Armenia is during the northern hemisphere spring and autumn, namely April through June and September through October respectively.

In this way, the best time to travel Armenia is similar to that of the Middle East.

Travelling during these months means you avoid the freezing conditions of the bleak winter, but you don’t risk burning to a crisp in the summer temperatures and humidity!

It’s also wildflower season during spring and conditions are perfect for hiking, which you should definitely do when you travel Armenia.

I visited this country in June, and because I’m a sunshine-fan, loved the warm climate, long sunny days and green countryside backed by snowy mountains I found.

Here’s my perfect packing list for Armenia if you’re also travelling there in the spring / summer months.

#5 How Long to Travel Armenia For?

Armenia, Bread Making, Traditional

As a small country, most people allow between 2 days to 2 weeks to travel Armenia.

With 2 days, you’ll hardly see anything, with 2 weeks, you’ll see everything, so pitch it according to your travel style and how thorough you like to be!

For more info, including a day-to-day travel schedule, check out my Armenia itinerary , which gives you 5 options for a great trip here.

#6 Money in Armenia

Armenia, Dilijan, Hives

The currency is Armenia is the Armenian Dram… but you knew that right!

ATMs are widespread in the cities here and easy to use with both Mastercard and Visa accepted.

However life gets very rural in Armenia very quickly, so if you’re heading out to the countryside at all, I definitely suggest taking all the cash you’ll need with you.

At the time of publication, the Armenian Dram was worth approximately…

£1 = 600 Dram

$1 USD = 450 Dram

1 Euro = 550 Dram

Yeah big numbers, annoying from my poor maths brain too!

When it comes to paying for things in Armenia, you want to ensure you’re not being charged overseas transaction fees or getting poor exchange rates when using your card abroad, which is why I always take my Wise card away with me wherever I travel.

The easy way to spend abroad with real exchange rates, no markups and no sneaky transaction fees, you can use your Wise card just like a debit card here… and it links easily with Google and Apple pay – sold! Grab yours here .

#7 Getting Around Armenia

Armenia, Yerevan, Car

Due to a lack of tourist infrastructure and some poor road conditions in parts, getting around Armenia can be a little tricky.

Public minivans, known as marshrutkas, are the cheapest way to go, but they only ply main roads and generally operate only to and from the capital.

To make matters a little more complicated, there are 6 marshrutka stations across Yerevan and finding out which buses leave from which stations is an adventure in itself!

Check out this useful website , which had the most current info I found online, otherwise ask where you’re staying for the latest details, as the often buses often change stations!

To combat the confusing minivan situation however, the good news is that hitchhiking is easy and commonplace across rural Armenia – often you’ll be picked up on the street without even having to stick your thumb out!

Otherwise, ride-sharing apps such as Yandex can be used to grab cheap taxi rides for shorter distances and make communicating across any language barriers much easier.

In Yerevan, there’s also an extremely cheap metro system.

Failing all of the above, guided day trips or private taxis will happily shuttle you to most major tourist sites around the country. If you can get a group together this can be a surprisingly cost-effective option. Check out these well-priced Armenia tours for some ideas.

#8 Travel Highlights in Armenia

Armenia, Garni, Temple

There are 2 primary attractions across the whole of Armenia and they are… monasteries and mountains… and often they are combined!

Yes situated in the Caucasus region, Armenia is an undulating, elevated country which boasts beautiful mountain landscapes within its own borders, as well as the famous snow-capped peak of Mount Ararat (now situated within Turkey) that makes for an amazing backdrop.

As the oldest official Christian state in the world, Armenia also has a huge number of Orthodox Monasteries, that are often set in stunning locations and are adorned with beautiful frescos. Hundreds of years old, they are all very much living monasteries – regular worshippers still attend them and religion very much forms a large part of local life here.

In addition to the mountains and the monasteries, Armenia also boasts a beautiful lake – Lake Seven and offers several cable car experiences, namely at Tsaghkadzor and the longest one in the world at Tatev!

There’s Roman ruins at Garni , wine production in Areni and who can forget about all the amazing fresh produce and local food production that scatters the country.

For more information and ideas about what to see, check out my list of the top 10 things to do in Armenia .

#9 Hiking in Armenia

Armenia, Khor Virab, View

Hiking is a key thing to do when you travel Armenia and there’s no way any time here would be complete without a few good walks to take in the stunning views, ancient tracks and lungful’s of clean, fresh air.

Hiking trails can be found almost anywhere in country, mostly as ancient routes to and from villages, rather than purposefully constructed trails.

As such, it’s always a good idea to download the maps.me guide before you set out.

HIKEArmenia , who have an office in Yerevan, can provide you with a huge range of free information. Find them on Vardanants Street in the capital. They are open Mon-Sat 10am -7pm.

Some of the best hiking in the country can be found in the south, around the city of Goris, and in the Garni, Geghard, Goght area just outside of Yerevan.

#10 Visiting Monasteries

Armenia, Monastery, Blue-Sky.

If you fancy seeing a good monastery, then trust me, Armenia is the country to come to!

From those UNESCO-listed ones in the north of country around the town of Alaverdi, to the picture-postcard Khar Virab, or the famous Tatev, Geghard or Noravank Monasteries, there’s a lot to choose from!

Great news for budget travellers is that all the monasteries are free to enter.

Suitable clothing must be worn to enter any Orthodox Monastery, which for women in particular, means long trousers / skirt and a headscarf. Thankfully, there are usually free garments at each church door you can borrow to enter.

If you are lucky, you may get to catch an Orthodox Sunday service at one of them, or at the very least some wonderful singing /chanting.

#11 Visiting Yerevan

Armenia, Yerevan, Cafe

Yerevan is where most people begin and end their time in Armenia and, in my opinion you can’t miss it.

There’s a few key sites to see in the capital, namely the Armenian Genocide Memorial Complex, the Cascade Comple, the Vernissage Market and the Republic Square.

While these are all fascinating places, the real beauty of Yerevan for me, was just the peaceful atmosphere of this city, which is celebrated in every corner – from the benches of its green parks to the cafes and wine bars that line its streets, along with its quirky antique and famous carpet shops.

Fresh fruit, vegetable and nut stalls line the pavements and you can’t walk more than 20m without stumbling across a coffee cart!

No surprise then that I loved this city and found it the perfect introduction to Armenian culture.

You can learn more in my article that covers the 21 amazing things to do in Yerevan .

#12 Where to Stay in Armenia?

Armenia, Goght, 3G's Camping

Many travellers who are pushed for time find it easy to base themselves in Yerevan and simply day trip around Armenia from there.

Throughout my time in the capital I stayed at the wonderful MGA Hostel which, along with their sister property, Retro Hostel , I can highly recommend – central locations and great, English-speaking staff.

Otherwise, you may wish to consider Envoy Hostel who run their own tours, both within Armenia and to Georgia, and who offer guests a discount on these if they stay with them.

Outside of Yerevan, the fabulous 3G’s camping and guesthouse , run by the lovely Sandra, is well worth stopping by to enjoy the many sights, hikes and local life in this area. Situated between the Geghard Monastery and Garni Temple this place is perfect for sightseeing, but also chilling by the amazing pool and meeting other guests in the huge and well-equipped kitchens.

In Dilijan, I recommend Old Dili , or head to either Granby Hostel or Art Guest House.

In Goris you can stay at Yeghevnut Hotel – a traveller favourite.

#13 Armenian Food

Armenia, Lady, Lavash Bread

And now we come to eating, one of the best things to do when you travel Armenia!

And it is any surprise given the amount of amazing, fresh produce they can grow in this fertile land?!

From vegetables to nuts, fruit to honey, cheese to bread, almost anything fresh you buy in Armenia will have been grown and / or produced here and it tastes all the more amazing for it.

Local streetsellers hawk their delicious goods on almost any street corner, otherwise, small farm stalls line the road sides and market places.

Don’t miss the sight of the traditional lavash bread being made either – you can spot this by Geghard Monastery as well as many other places in the country.

Seriously, don’t miss out on trying as much food as you can in Armenia!

#14 Drinking in Armenia

Armenia, Yerevan, Fountains

Ok so I lied, eating isn’t the real national pastime in Armenia… drinking is!

From mountain water to coffee to wine, Armenians love nothing more than a sit, a chat and a drink.

The water across the country is potable, thanks to all those beautiful mountain springs, which produce the most delicious water.

Fill your reusable metal water bottle from any tap in the country for free, or try the mountain water from any of the hundreds of free, public drinking fountains you see scattered around.

Next up, it’s the coffee, which is brewed here like Turkish / Arabic coffee. Traditionally served strong, black and with lashings of sugar, this is the perfect way to kick start your hiking!

Independent coffee carts litter the country serving up heaps of this delicious stuff for next to nothing.

And who, of course, can forget the wine?!

One of Armenia best produces, wine-drinking here is engrained into the culture and indulged in by just about every citizen.

Traditional wines flavoured with fruits are common, otherwise regular style red and whites are great, cheap and should be sampled in abundance when you travel Armenia!

#15 Costs of Travelling Armenia

Armenia, Dilijan, Old Dili

Great news for those who wish to travel Armenia… this country is cheap as chips!

While accommodation and tours are pitched at an international market and therefore probably slightly more than you might expect, local food, drink and transport is extremely cheap and monasteries and hiking are free!

In light of all this, I’d suggest a budget of around 30 euros per day if you want to travel Armenia – this includes staying in private rooms in budget guesthouses / hostels, many meals out and some day tours.

If you only took public minivans / hitched and either camped or stayed in dorms, you could easily travel Armenia on between 10-20 euros a day.

Learn about the full cost breakdown of my trip to Armenia here .

#16 Safety in Armenia

Armenia, Food, Bread Making

I’m happy to report that my travel Armenia experience was definitely one of the safest ever.

Even as a solo female hitchhiking and hiking alone, I felt incredibly safe in this country with local people seemingly not able to do enough to help me.

In all honestly, I’d often be picked up when walking along the roadside and not even attempting to hitchhike!

And I was also given countless amounts of free food and drink.

I really felt Armenian people were so happy to have tourists visiting their country that their engrained hospitality and deeply religious values came into fullforce!

If you want to learn more, then check out the specific article I wrote about safety and my experience of travelling as a solo female in Armenia.

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#17 Armenian Culture

Armenia, Yerevan, Older Lady

And that’s because I truly believe Armenian people are some of the friendliest going.

For them, it seems, welcoming strangers is part of an almost religious duty and they apparently can’t do enough to help you or make you feel welcome in their country.

Situated at a geographical crossroads, one that trading empires and migrating people have traversed for centuries, it Armenians appear to be tolerant and open people.

Like their Middle Eastern neighbours, there’s no doubt the Armenians are late night people too with little open, even in Yerevan, before 10am and bars still pumping every night of the week at 3am!

While many younger people, especially in the capital speak English, do be aware that many older people / those outside of the capital don’t speak English. If you know a bit of Russian, this may come in handy!

#18 Telecommunications

Armenia, Yerevan, Pink Stone

As I mentioned in the #3 airport arrival section of this article, Armenian SIM cards can easily be bought at the airport arrivals hall in Yerevan.

If you’re coming from Georgia or Iran however and need to buy a SIM car when you cross the border I highly recommend Beeline, who I used throughout my travels in Armenia.

With good coverage across the country, as well as 3G data packages for next to nothing, this makes a great opinion when you travel Armenia, especially if you will be out hiking / travelling by yourself and would like extra piece of mind.

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Mini Travel Guide to Armenia

Armenia, Yerevan, Old Building

Recommended Tours in Armenia

Check out these fantastic tours of Armenia , which will help you see the best of this country.

5 Packing Essentials for Armenia

#1 Caucasus Lonely Planet – Still my go-to when it comes to guidebooks, the Caucasus Lonely Planet packs in a huge amount of information about travelling in Armenia, Georgia & Azerbaijan and will likely save you the cost of a guide in many of this country’s fabulous historical attractions.

#2 Good Camera – From the mountain landscapes to the village life, you’ll want a good travel camera to capture the best of Armenia and the Sony A6000 mirrorless ticks my box every time!

#3 Headscarf – If you’re heading to see any monasteries in Armenia, ladies will need to come prepared with a headscarf to enter, as well as a long skirt or pair of pants and a long-sleeved top.

#4 Hiking Shoes – No trip to Armenia would be complete without spending at least a day or two hiking in this country’s untouched rural landscape. Coming prepared with a pair of good walking shoes is essential therefore and Keen Targhee’s II always get my vote!

#5 Rain Jacket – I visited Armenia in June, technically the start of summer and the high season, but was amazed how storms suddenly blew in across this high altitude country. Having my North Face lightweight, windproof and waterproof jacket therefore saved my life!

Travel Insurance for Armenia

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Want to Travel Armenia? 18 Things to Know

So there you have it, the 18 things to know before you travel Armenia.

Have I convinced you to visit this amazing country yet?

If you have any more questions, please shoot them across in the comments box below…

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Creator of Big World Small Pockets, Stephanie Parker is a travel addict! Originally from Jersey in the Channel Islands, Stephanie adventures the world collecting tips, advice and stories, to share with a smile

13 thoughts on “ Planning to Travel Armenia? 18 Things You Need to Know ”

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Great adventures. I hope visit Armenia and Georgia something I have been in most of American and European countries so far, but Armenia is definitily one in my list. Greetings from Chile, I hpe you can visit this part of Sudamerica soon.

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Hi Jamie, I hope to get back to South America and Chile soon indeed! In the meantime, enjoy Armenia and Georgia – they are certainly both worth a visit! Best, Steph

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My daughter and I are going on our first trip to Armenia in the summer of 2020. I read your blog and look forward to my trip! Thank you, now I know more about Armenia! Great photos!

Hi Tori, great to hear you and your daughter are planning to travel to Armenia, I’m sure you’re going to love it. So happy the blog has proved helpful and wishing you a fab trip. Best, Steph 🙂

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There is international airport in Gyoumri (LWN). You can fly to Athens etc so the one near Yerevan ain’t the only one:)

Thanks so much Jerry, wasn’t aware of this at all, so really appreciate the info. Best, Steph 🙂

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Did you get up north to the Shirak Province and Gyumri?? I stayed at a beautiful little villa (Villa Kars) in Gyumri for a couple weeks doing conservation work and traveling around with the most knowledgeable/kind guide ever. Those old monasteries and basilicas are just breath-taking! And up north they are just in the middle of fields! With cows roaming around! Amazing. Wish more travelers took interest in the country. I’d love love love to go back sometime. Great article!!

Hi Lisa, so delighted you like the article and I totally agree, Armenia is absolutely underrated and I’d love to go back too. I didn’t spend much time in the north, but sounds idyllic and certainly hope to spend more time there on my next visit. Thanks for your comment and top tips, best Steph 🙂

set travel armenia

Highly interesting and helpful article. Gives a clear view on this rather unknown country that is actually the cradle of western civilisation. Am planning to travel through Turkey, Georgia, Armenia and Iran on a spiritual quest. Passing on to India and China if things work out well. Thanks for sharing and caring :). Best, Annemarie

Hi Annemarie, this sounds like a fantastic and exciting journey. So glad you found the article interesting and helpful. Happy travel planning, Best Steph 🙂

set travel armenia

Hi Stephanie, this is an incredible and informative article and yes, I am convinced and you’ve covered all of the basic questions I had 🙂 Will be reading all the related articles too. Once question though, I have kind of decided at the last hour that Armenia is the place I want to go and travel dates are Nov 23 – 30 or thereabouts. Would I be able to hike during this time or see the beautiful mountains etc or will it be a waste of a trip during this time of the year.

Hi Melanie, lovely to hear from you and delighted to learn you found the article helpful. Hopefully the others I have written about Armenia will prove just as useful!

In terms of dates, I don’t want to put you off, but the end of November might be a little late in the season to travel Armenia, especially if you want to enjoy some hiking. Things will be getting cold by then, especially up in the mountains, and snow may well hamper your trip. I honestly think Armenia (and all the Caucasus countries) are best visited in either April-May or Sept-Oct, so maybe save Armenia for next year if you really want to experience this country at its best.

Hope that’s helpful. Happy travels Steph 🙂

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U.S. Embassy Yerevan, Armenia - YRV

Please follow the steps below before your immigrant visa interview at the U.S. Embassy in Yerevan, Armenia.

Step 1: Register your appointment online

You need to register your appointment online. Registering your appointment provides us with the information we need to return your passport to you after your interview. Registration is free. Click the “Register” button below to register.

If you want to cancel or reschedule your appointment, you will be able to do so after you register your appointment.

Register >>

Step 2: Get a medical exam in Armenia

As soon as you receive your appointment date, you must schedule a medical exam in Armenia. Click the “Medical Exam Instructions” link below for a list of designated doctors’ offices in Armenia. Please schedule and attend a medical exam with one of these doctors before your interview.

Medical Exam Instructions >>

Step 3: Complete your pre-interview checklist

If your case is being processed online you are required to upload documents to your CEAC account online, please do so before the interview. If you fail to upload the proper documents your visa will be refused and your case delayed. 

It is important that you bring all required original documents to your interview. We’ve created a checklist that will tell you what to bring. Please print the checklist below and bring it to your interview along with the listed documents.

Pre-Interview Checklist >>

Step 4: Review interview guidelines

Read our interview guidelines to learn about any special actions that you need to take before your visa interview.

Interview Guidelines >>

Medical Exam Instructions

All immigrant visa applicants, regardless of age, require a medical examination prior to the issuance of a visa. Only a physician accredited by the U.S. Embassy can perform this exam. It is your responsibility to schedule a medical exam with one of the doctors listed below before your visa interview appointment at the U.S. Embassy. Medical examination results from other physicians will not be accepted. 

Approved Physicians:

Dr. Kristine R. Khachatryan Normed Medical Center Yerevan, Zeytun district, Nersisyan 12/6 st. 2 nd floor examination room N2 Tel: (37410) 56-72-65 (work) or (37491) 20-51-43 (mobile) E-mail: [email protected] Hours for appointments and phone inquiries: Monday through Friday, 9:00 am to 4:00 pm

Dr. Anush M. Ordyan Normed Medical Center Yerevan, Zeytun district, Nersisyan 12/6 st. 2 nd floor examination room N1 Tel: (37410) 55-69-06 (work) or (37491) 41-00-31 (mobile) E-mail: [email protected] Hours for appointments and phone inquiries: Monday through Friday, 9:00 am to 4:00 pm

Dr. Anna Ayvazyan Normed Medical Center Yerevan, Zeytun district, Nersisyan 12/6 st. 2nd floor examination room N3 Tel: (37455) 57-86-65 (mobile) E-mail: [email protected] Hours for appointments and phone inquiries: Monday through Friday, 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.

Dr. Hasmik Ohanyan Normed Medical Center Yerevan, Zeytun district, Nersisyan 12/6 st. 2nd floor examination room N3 Tel: (37493) 51- 55- 39 (mobile) E-mail: [email protected] Hours for appointments and phone inquiries: Monday through Friday, 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.

Items to bring to your medical examination

You should bring the following items to your medical exam:

  • Your visa interview appointment letter
  • Your passport
  • Six (6) passport-sized color photographs, taken within the last six months
  • A copy of your immunization records
  • DS-260 confirmation page
  • Home address; intended address in U.S; personal contact info: Email address, and phone number
  • The basic examination fee charged to each applicant is 50 000 AMD.
  • Chest X-ray and laboratory tests will be conduct for additional fee in accordance with age requirements.
  • Applicants ≥15 years old must have chest radiography (chest x-ray). Chest X-ray in one position is 8 000 AMD, in two positions 12 000 AMD
  • Applicants 2 to 14 years old must have an IGRA test. IGRA test fee is 35 000 AMD. In case of positive IGRA test results, an additional chest X-ray is required
  • Applicants aged 18-24 are required to undergo testing for gonorrhea. Gonorrhea NAAT test is 10 000 AMD
  • Applicants aged 18-44 are required to undergo testing for syphilis. Syphilis test is 2 000 AMD.

During the medical exam

The medical examination includes a medical history review, physical examination, and chest x-ray, gonorrhea test, and blood tests (for applicants 15 years of age or older). The United States also requires tuberculosis (TB) testing for all applicants two years of age and older. Please be prepared to discuss your medical history, medications you are taking, and current treatments you are undergoing. More information on general medical requirements for U.S. immigrants is available via cdc.gov .

U.S. immigration law requires immigrant visa applicants to obtain certain vaccinations prior to the issuance of a visa. Current immigrant visa vaccination requirements are available via cdc.gov You can also read Frequently Asked Questions about our medical examination requirements via travel.state.gov

After the medical exam

When your examination is completed, the doctor will send your exam results directly to the U.S. Embassy. Any x-rays taken will be given to you. You DO NOT need to bring the x-ray results to your visa interview unless you suffer from tuberculosis (TB). However, you must carry the x-ray results with you when you travel to the United States for the first time. The medical report must be dated no more than six months prior to the date of entry into the United States as an immigrant.

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Pre-Interview checklist

Please refer to the list below to identify the documents that you must upload to your online application and/or bring with you to the interview.  Any document that is not in English must be accompanied by a notarized or a certified English translation.

IMPORTANT NOTICE:   All applicants - Read the below information carefully.  If you do not bring all required documents to your appointment or upload those which require online submission your visa will be refused and your case delayed.

  • A copy of you NVC interview letter (does not apply to Diversity Visa, fiancé(e), adoptive, or asylee/refugee applicants).
  • Unexpired passport valid for six (6) months beyond your intended date of entry to the United States and a photocopy of the biographic page. Upload a copy for online cases.
  • Two (2) color passport-size photographs of each person applying for a visa (5 cm x 5 cm, or 2 inch x 2 inch).  Please review our online photo requirements . Upload a copy for online cases.
  • Confirmation page from the Form DS-260 Application for an Immigrant Visa you submitted online at  ceac.state.gov/iv . Your entire employment history is required in DS-260 application.
  • A resume or CV explaining your entire education and work history for Iranian applicants.
  • Your  original  birth certificate, English translation,  and  a photocopy. Upload a copy for online cases.
  • Medical examination results (sent directly to the Embassy by the panel physician prior to your interview).  

Applicants who fall into any category listed in italics blow should upload and/or bring these additional documents to the interview:

For family-based visa applications :  IR1/CR1; IR2/CR2; IR5; K1/K2; F1; F2A; F3; F4

  • The appropriate Form I-864 Affidavit of Support for each financial sponsor along with a photocopy of the sponsor’s IRS transcript or most recent U.S. federal income tax return, and any relevant W-2 forms (one set of documents for each family member). Upload for online cases.
  • Proof of your U.S. petitioner’s status and domicile in the United States (photocopy of a U.S. passport, naturalization certificate, or lawful permanent resident card). Upload for online cases.
  • Evidence of the relationship between the petitioner and visa applicant (such as photographs, letters, or emails).
  • The petitioner’s original birth certificate is required for all family-based visa cases. Please bring your petitioner’s original birth certificate to your interview. A copy should also be uploaded to the file.

If you are married : Your  original  marriage certificate, English translation,  and  a photocopy. Upload for online cases. If you were previously married:  Your  original  divorce or spouse’s death certificate, English translation,  and  a photocopy. Upload for online cases is required. If you are older than 16 years of age:   The  original  police certificate from your country of current residence and countries of previous residence. If any one or more of the following statements apply to you, then you must bring a police certificate to the interview. Upload a copy for online cases.

1. You are older than 16 years.

2. You obtained a police certificate more than two years ago.

3. You still live in the country that issued the police certificate.

4. You have obtained your spouse’s surname after marriage.

5. You have changed your birth date in your birth certificate or in your passport.

6. There was a change in the spelling of your patronymic name.

Please note: If you have ever been convicted of a crime, you must bring original court and criminal records, including the statute under which you were convicted, English translation, and a photocopy.

For employment-based visa applications:  A letter from your U.S. employer dated less than one month ago. Upload a copy for online cases.

If you have served in any country’s military:  Military records or military card, the original, English translation, and a photocopy. Military records must contain a complete record of the applicant's service and conduct while in the service. The record must show any convictions of crime before military tribunals. Upload a complete copy for online cases.

If you are adopted:   Adoption papers or custody documents, English translation,  and  a photocopy.

If you are the petitioner’s stepchild:  The  original  marriage certificate of the petitioner and your biological parent, English translation,  and  a photocopy along with divorce records for any previous marriages of either parent. Upload a copy for online cases.   

Interview Guidelines

Rescheduling or cancelling your interview

If you are unable to attend your appointment, please email the Consular Section at [email protected] to reschedule your appointment. There may be a significant wait before the next available appointment , so please attempt to attend the date already assigned. For some family-based and employment preference visa categories, a visa became available within the month you have been scheduled by NVC. There is no guarantee that a visa will still be available on the date of your rescheduled interview . Please carefully consult the Visa Bulletin before you decide to reschedule your interview. DV applicants should be aware that visas are numerically limited and must be issued by September 30 of the program year.

Please note: You need to register your original NVC/KCC appointment online before you can reschedule it (see Step 1 ).

Security screening procedures

All visitors to the U.S. Embassy must adhere to security procedures. Any visitor who declines to be screened by embassy security personnel will be unable to enter the embassy. To avoid delaying your entry and the entry of those in line behind you, please bring only what is required for your interview.  Please review forbidden items under “ Visiting the Embassy .”

Accompanying persons

Attorneys are not permitted to accompany clients into the waiting room or to their interview. Only the following persons may accompany a visa applicant to their interview:

  • Assistance: Applicants who are elderly, disabled, or a minor child requiring assistance may be accompanied by one additional person. The Embassy should be notified in advance who is accompanying the applicant. Non-parents accompanying minor children must bring notarized permission from the parents to apply for the visa on behalf of the minor.
  • K (Fiancé) cases: Petitioners may accompany their fiancé(e) to the visa interview.
  • IR1/CR1 cases: Petitioners may accompany their spouse to the visa interview.

Immigrant visa fees

If you have not paid all required fees to either the National Visa Center or via the appointment website, please be prepared to pay these fees on the day of your interview. All fees may be paid in U.S. dollars or Armenian Dram equivalent. Please note that if you are found ineligible to receive a visa, the application fee cannot be refunded. A complete list of fees can be found via travel.state.gov .

Do not make travel plans outside of Armenia

If your visa is approved, we will keep your passport at the Embassy while we prepare your immigration packet and print a visa for your passport. We will return your passport to you later via courier services only (see Step 1 ). Please note it often takes 1-2 weeks after visa approval to receive your passport and packet.

After Your Visa Interview

A consular officer can make a decision on a visa application only after reviewing the formal application, requested documents, and interviewing the applicant. There is no guarantee that you will receive a visa . Do not sell your house, car or property, resign from your job or make non-refundable flight or other travel arrangements until you have received the visa.

If more information is needed

There are only two possible outcomes for U.S. visa applications. The consular officer will either issue or refuse the visa. If a visa applicant has not established that he or she is eligible for a visa, the consular officer must refuse that application. However, some refused visa applications may require further administrative processing.  

Sometimes a consular officer is unable to make a decision on a visa application because he/she needs to review additional documents or the case requires further administrative processing. When additional documents are requested, the consular officer will give you a refusal letter that asks you to submit additional documents. The letter will include instructions on how to send those documents to the Embassy.

When administrative processing is required, the consular officer will inform the applicant at the end of the interview. The duration of the administrative processing will vary based on the individual circumstances of each case. At the conclusion of the administrative processing period, the consular officer may conclude that an applicant is now qualified for the visa for which he or she applied. The officer may conclude that the applicant remains ineligible for a visa. Except in cases of emergency travel (i.e. serious illnesses, injuries, or deaths in your immediate family), before making inquiries about status of administrative processing,  applicants should wait at least 180 days from the date of interview or submission of supplemental documents, whichever is later .

What happens after visa approval

Passport, Visa, and Sealed Immigrant Packet – We will place your immigrant visa on a page in your passport. Please review your visa to make sure there are no errors. We will also give you a sealed envelope containing documents that you must give to U.S. immigration authorities when you arrive in the United States for the first time. Do not open this envelope. You must carry it with you. Do not put it in your checked luggage. If you receive X-rays during your medical examination, carry those with you and give them to the U.S. immigration authorities.

USCIS Immigrant Fee – All individuals who are issued immigrant visas overseas must pay an Immigrant Fee to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) prior to traveling to the United States. This fee is for processing your residency status and printing your Permanent Resident Card. The only people exempt from paying this fee are: adopted children entering the United States under the Hague Process, returning residents, and people traveling on a fiancé(e) (K) visa.

When You Should Travel – You must enter the United States before the expiration date on your visa. Your visa cannot be extended and all fees are nonrefundable. The principal applicant must enter before or at the same time as other family members with visas.

Getting a Green Card – Your Form I-551 Permanent Resident Card, also known as a green card, will be automatically mailed to the address in the United States that you provide in your visa application form. If you plan to travel outside the U.S. before your green card arrives, please consult USCIS and CBP websites for rules about what documents you need to re-enter the United States. We recommend you check with your airline on any specific rules they may have for travelers without a green card. Note: if you remain outside of the United States for more than one year you may lose your status as a Lawful Permanent Resident.

Children’s Issues – In the United States, children are required to have certain vaccinations before they can enroll in school. We recommend that you bring your child’s complete vaccination records with you to the United States. If your child is adopted, you have full custody as a result of a divorce, or you share custody with another parent, you should bring a copy of all applicable adoption or custody papers from the appropriate court in your home country. You will need these papers (translated into English) for issues such as school enrollment and medical care.

Information for New Immigrants – Please visit the USCIS web page for helpful information on moving to the United States. You can read their publication “Welcome to the United States: A Guide for New Immigrants” online.

Diversity Visa - Additional Information

If you are interviewing for a Diversity Visa (DV), all of the above instructions apply to you. Please schedule and attend a medical examination prior to your visa interview. You must also enroll in the required courier service, and gather the documents listed below.  Any documents that are not in English must be accompanied by a notarized or a certified English translation.

Below are additional instructions that apply only to DV applicants

Bring to your interview

In addition to the documents listed on the Pre-Interview Checklist in this package, DV applicants should also bring the following items to your visa interview:

  • Appointment information printed from the "Entrant Status Check" on the E-DV website .
  • Documents showing that you have either a qualifying high school education OR two (2) years of qualifying work experience in the five (5) years immediately prior to application (for the principle applicant only).
  • Payment in cash of the $330 Diversity Visa Application Fee for each family member.

Review your DV Lottery entry

Prior to your visa interview, we recommend that you review the data on your initial E-DV entry. On your initial E-DV application, you must have correctly entered your marital status. If you are legally married you must have listed your spouse, even if you are currently separated from him/her (unless your spouse is a U.S. citizen or Lawful Permanent Resident).

Failure to list your eligible spouse or listing someone who is not your spouse will result in disqualification as the Diversity Visa principal applicant and refusal of all visa applications connected with your case at the time of the visa interview.

Your application may be disqualified and/or refused at any time prior to selection, after selection, or during the visa application process if lacking any required information.

All DV applications must include the name, photograph, date and place of birth of the principal applicant, the applicant's spouse and all children who are unmarried and under the age of 21 as of the date of the initial entry. This includes your natural children, your spouse’s children, or children you have formally adopted in accordance with the laws of your country.  

NOTE: Failure to list an existing spouse or child at the time of your entry in the Diversity Visa lottery will result in the denial of your visa and visas for your family.  Fees paid to the U.S. government in support of your visa application(s) are nonrefundable.  If you failed to include a child who had already been born, or a spouse to whom you were married when you submitted your DV entry, you should not proceed with the visa application. You can review the eligibility requirements via travel.state.gov .

In order to demonstrate qualification for entry at the time of visa adjudication, diversity visa applicants must demonstrate to a consular officer that they possess the financial resources to pay for reasonably foreseeable living and medical costs. Visa applicants must establish that they would not become a public charge after entering the United States. That determination is based on a consular officer’s assessment of the totality of the circumstances, including the age; health; family status; assets, resources, and financial status; and education and skills.

Last Updated: 2/8/2023

Contact Information

1 American Avenue Yerevan 0082, Republic of Armenia

Other Links

Diversity visa instructions After your interview Frequently asked questions Where to find Civil Documents for Armenia

Interview Preparation Video

Interview Preparation Video

External Link

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All you need to know about travelling to Armenia

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Armenia is a country of hauntingly beautiful natural scenery, strong ties to the past and exceedingly warm hospitality, and yet it still remains almost untouched by tourism. Surrounded by Iran, Turkey, and Azerbaijan, it will amaze you with its ancient monasteries, dazzling lakes and traditional villages perched between soaring mountains. With thousands of years of rich history, this country is now ready to step into the limelight. Here is everything you need to know about travelling to Armenia. 

beautiful-monastery-in-Armenia-Trafalgar

What to do in Armenia

Explore the charming streets of yerevan.

Yerevan is the exuberant capital of Armenia, humming with historical and cultural treasures. Take to the streets with our Local Specialists on your Armenia tour to discover historic monuments, ornate gardens and Kond, the 17th-century old quarter where Persian, Muslim, and Ottoman houses line the tiny alleyways.

Experience the famous Armenian hospitality

The highlight of any Armenia travel experience is the welcoming embrace of the locals, which can be summed up with this Armenian proverb: “Guest in a house – three days he’s a guest; on the fourth, he’s a younger brother,” Wherever you go, you’ll find smiling Armenians who will be happy to share stories about their country with you.

Admire the stunning Lake Sevan

Lake Sevan, located right in the heart of the country, is the largest lake worth visiting when travelling to Armenia. Surrounded by a handful of stunning monasteries (the most impressive being the Sevanavank Monastery), it provides a scenic backdrop to a relaxing trip. The lake has a wide choice of excellent restaurants along its shore where you can tuck into delicious seafood or traditional Armenian shashlik. It also has a number of popular beaches which, in a landlocked country, the locals are really appreciative of.

Climb the steps of Yerevan Cascade for the best view

Set at the heart of Yerevan, the Yerevan Cascade is a monumental staircase featuring terraces decorated with beautiful statues and flowers. Climbing the staircase for a panoramic view is one of the best things to do in Yerevan. Once you reach the top, you can take in the breathtaking sights of Mount Ararat and the city below.

Visit the cave city of Khndzoresk

Khndzoresk is a unique settlement where time stands still. The old part of the village is comprised of huge caves where people lived until the 1950s. A new bridge connects the two parts of the village and the views from the bridge are quite literally breathtaking. Definitely worth a visit when you are in Armenia.

Yerevan-Armenia-tour-with-Trafalgar

Best museums to visit in Armenia

Yerevan history museum.

Located in Yerevan, the History Museum of Armenia is home to 400,000 artifacts, with highlights including a large collection of Bronze items from the 3rd to 2nd millennium BC, and a cuneiform inscription from 782 BC about the founding of the city of Erebuni. Definitely worth a visit!

Parajanov Museum

Created as a tribute to Sergei Parajanov, a Soviet Armenian director and artist, the Parajanov Museum is a celebration of his artistic legacy. The museum is situated in a traditional Caucasian-style building and consists of two floors. Around 1,400 exhibits are located over two floors, with unpublished screenplays, drawings, artworks, original posters and signed letters and gifts by famous visitors.

Matenadaran

Officially known as the Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts, the Matenadaran is the largest archive of Armenian manuscripts in the world. Named after Mesrop Mashtots, the founder of the Armenian alphabet, the museum is an incredible showcase of Armenian and international written cultures.

RELATED CONTENT: 13 things to do in Georgia, 2020’s hottest travel destination

Stunning scenery captured when travelling to Armenia

Armenian food & drink to try 

Dolma is a popular national dish of Armenia made of minced pork, beef or vegetables and wrapped in fresh grape leaves or steamed cabbage leaves. Dolma is popular in other neighbouring countries too, however what makes it authentically Armenian are the spices such as mint, parsley and oregano.

Ararat brandy

Immerse yourself in Armenian culture and sample the finest Armenian brandy at the Ararat Brandy Factory. Founded in 1877 during the reign of the Russian Empire, the Ararat Brandy Factory is now the primary Armenian brandy production company in Yerevan, and it’s one of the top Armenia tourist attractions. If you visit an Armenian family, they will not let you leave without trying this national drink.

Baklava is a rich dessert pastry made of layers of filo filled with chopped nuts and sweetened with syrup. It’s popular all across the Middle East, South Caucasus, Balkans and Central Asia, but the Armenian version is something special.

armenian baklava

When to travel to Armenia

Armenia generally has a highland continental climate with hot, dry summers and cold winters. The best time to visit this beautiful country is in May and June when it’s not too hot, or else late September and October when the fruit collection and the winemaking season begins. The brilliant autumn colours of Armenia’s forested regions are truly striking and are guaranteed to amaze you.

Travelling to Armenia

What to pack for an Armenia trip

Travel towel.

If you would like to visit Lake Sevan, which is well-known for its beaches, you’ll definitely want to take a dip. Be sure to come prepared and bring a towel with you, either from a hotel or just your travel one.

Comfortable shoes

Something you will need for long walks is comfortable shoes. Sneakers, sandals or flats for the summer months or a pair of comfy boots for the colder months. Both the sandals and the boots are perfect for travel because the rubber soles make them extra durable and comfortable at the same time.

From the magnificent Caucasus mountains to the lush green valleys, Armenia is truly one of the most beautiful countries in the world, and you’ll need a camera to capture it all. Don’t forget batteries and memory cards if you’re a keen photographer.

Travel adaptor

Though many hotels will have adaptors available for use, being prepared with your own will ensure you’re always charged and ready to go.

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Transport in Armenia

You’ll be pleased to know that getting around Armenia is safe, easy and cheap. The main means of Armenia’s public transportation is a system of crowded minibuses and a modest one-line subway in Yerevan. Taxis are also widely available through numerous agencies or just in the streets. Not all taxis are metered though, so make sure to agree on a price with the driver before you start your taxi journey.

Thinking of travelling to Armenia? Discover this beautiful country on our brand new Trafalgar trip Georgia & Armenia Uncovered .

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The World Was Here First

The Ultimate Armenia Itinerary: 5 to 7 Days (or More!)

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As one of the least-visited countries in Europe, Armenia can be viewed as an exotic destination that only the most intrepid of travellers would choose to visit. Because of this, there isn’t a lot of information about this Caucasian nation available online and it can make planning the perfect Armenia itinerary a difficult task.

Because so many of those who do visit Armenia do it by organised tour, it can be very tricky to find the right information for those who want to visit this underrated country independently. Planning a trip to Armenia is one of the best decisions you could make, especially if you’re combining it with a trip through the other Caucasus countries of Georgia and Azerbaijan.

So, if you’re planning on backpacking Armenia or just travelling independently through this small but diverse nation, then this detailed Armenia itinerary is for you!

The gorgeous Noravank Monastery

Table of Contents

When to Visit Armenia

Despite its relatively southern geographic location, Armenia very much experiences four proper seasons and, therefore, there are some times of year to visit this Caucasian nation that are better than others.

Winters in Armenia can be very cold, with high temperatures between the months of December-February barely clocking in above freezing. Luckily, however, the cold weather doesn’t tend to last too long as it will usually begin to warm up in the month of March and temperatures will fall into the low 20s Celcius (70s Fahrenheit) by April.

Because of this, travelling in the Springtime is one of the best times of year to plan a trip to Armenia. Besides the tendency for a bit more rain, the temperatures will be mild and pleasant with it rarely getting too hot or too cold.

The Autumn seasons between September-November also see similar temperatures to Spring albeit with less rain, making that the absolute optimal time to visit Armenia.

Summers in Armenia are sunny and hot, with daily high temperatures often clocking in over 40 degrees Celcius (102 degrees Fahrenheit). Though many hotels, guesthouses, and restaurants will be air-conditioned, this becomes less likely the further from big cities or tourist hotspots you venture.

It is also worth noting that public transport (like buses and marshrutkas) rarely are air-conditioned so it can get unbearably hot to travel from point A to B in the summer.

All in all, the best times to visit Armenia would likely be in the shoulder seasons of March-May and September-November.

Khor Virap Monastery with views of Mt Ararat in the distance

How to Get Around Armenia

Armenia isn’t that highly-visited of a country and those who do venture to this underappreciated nation tend to do so on an organised tour, which means that figuring out how to get around independently can be a confusing and albeit daunting task for tourists.

Luckily, locals in Armenia tend to be extremely helpful and eager to lend a hand to confused visitors, so it is likely that you wouldn’t be stranded for too long if you couldn’t figure something out.

If you only plan to visit Yerevan while you explore Armenia, getting around the city is incredibly easy and manageable as the majority of the city’s main sites can be reached on foot and the city centre is compact and easy to navigate. Anything else that is not within walking distance is easy to get to with either the metro or an affordable taxi ride.

Taxi rides are accessible for most travellers in Yerevan and it can actually be the easiest way to get to some more out-of-the-way attractions within the city. It is worth knowing, however, that taxis throughout Armenia (and the Caucasus in general) don’t tend to have meters, so it is essential to negotiate a price before you get in.

While our experience of taxi drivers in this region has been generally positive and we never felt as if we were going to be ripped off, if you don’t want to bother with a negotiation or don’t have the language skills to be able to pull it off, then finding a cab through the Yandex taxi app is a great option. This operates much in the same way as Uber and will quote you the exact price of the journey before you get in the cab, leaving out any need for stressful negotiations.

If you’re travelling outside of the capital — for example, from Yerevan to Dilijan , Gyumri, or Goris — there are a few options available for independent travellers. The easiest and most common option for inter-city travel in Armenia is by marshrutka, or minibus.

tbilisi to gyumri marshrutka

Depending on the popularity of your destination, marshrutkas have a vague schedule and generally depart when full or mostly full.

The destination of the bus will be posted in the front window and it will generally be in the Latin or Cyrillic alphabet if they are popular routes amongst tourists. If you can’t already, it can be helpful to learn the Cyrillic alphabet or learn what your destinations look like printed both in Cyrillic and in the Armenian alphabet.

You can find the most up-to-date bus timetables from tourist information centres or from your guesthouse, hostel, or hotel staff. Often, you might need to book a spot on the bus if there are only a finite number that leave per day. The tourist info centre or your accommodation can call and book these for you as well.

Generally speaking, you pay the driver for the ride, however, there are some routes where you buy a ticket at a counter instead. Don’t worry, they will let you know for your specific route.

Train travel does exist in Armenia, however, it isn’t all that well-developed and not every route is available. While the trains are not the most comfortable mode of transportation in Armenia, they tend to be more comfortable than a marshrutka and can be preferable if there an option for your route. Ticket prices vary, but they are quite affordable.

Another easy way to get around Armenia, especially if you’re on a tight schedule and not travelling on a tight budget, is to rent a car. Though the road quality may not be the best in some areas of the country, having your own car makes it easy to travel independently and to see some out-of-the-way attractions without having to rely on organised tours or being beholden to erratic bus schedules.

If you want to find great prices on car hire, we recommend using RentalCars.com , which aggregates many deals across multiple major companies. You can also rent private cars directly from locals through Local Rent.

Yerevan to Dilijan Bus

5-Day Armenia Itinerary

If you’re wondering how many days in Armenia is sufficient to get a good feel for the country but you’re strapped for time, we would recommend spending five days in this southern Caucasian nation. This will give you time to explore the lively capital of Yerevan, take a day trip into the surrounding area, and spend a couple of nights in a smaller city as well.

Spending 5 days in Armenia will allow you to get beyond the capital and experience the culture of this underrated travel destination without being too exhausting or taking too much time.

Days 1-3: Yerevan

Armenia’s dynamic capital city has been continuously inhabited for more than 2,800 years, however, it retains a modern and hip edge that cements itself firmly in the 21st century. With an easy-to-navigate city centre and a streetside cafe culture to rival Paris, Yerevan is one of the most logical places to begin your Armenia itinerary.

Because it doesn’t have as much information written about as neighbouring capitals like Tbilisi or Baku , many people will ask themselves “is Yerevan worth visiting?” And the answer to this is a resounding “yes,” especially if you are planning a larger Caucasus itinerary and want to see how all three capitals differ.

If you trying to figure out how many days in Yerevan is best to get to know the city, then we would say three. Spend your first day in Yerevan in the city centre, enjoying the main sites and getting the lay of the land.

The current centre of Yerevan was designed in the 1920s by Armenian architect Alexander Tamanian and, as a planned city, it is much easier to navigate than the other two Caucasus capitals, with wide avenues and a logical setup to the streets.

The view of Yerevan and Mt Ararat from the Cascades

Day 1 in Yerevan Itinerary

Begin your morning at the impressive Cascade complex , a series of steps spanning seven floors where, from the top on a clear day, you can see spectacular views of Yerevan and Mt Ararat in the distance.

If the 572 steps of the complex seem daunting to you, there are a series of escalators inside that you can take to the top instead. These are free to use and are open from 8AM-8PM every day. There are also some interesting art exhibitions inside to enjoy while you’re riding up. No doubt that visiting the Cascade complex is one of the best things to do in Armenia.

After enjoying the Cascade, walk a few hundred metres to see the imposing Armenian Opera building, also designed by Alexander Tamanian. While the building isn’t as impressive as the one you might find in Tbilisi, it is still a great example of Armenian neoclassical architecture.

The building consists of two concert halls: the Alexander Spendiaryan Opera and Ballet National Theatre and the Aram Khachaturian concert hall which is home to the Armenian Philharmonic.

You can purchase tickets to the opera, ballet, and symphony from ticket offices nearby for very affordable prices and it is a great way to support the arts and culture of Yerevan. Michael and I were able to get very good seats for the ballet for 6000 AMD (about $12 USD) per person.

The Yerevan Opera building

Armenia is an incredibly Christian nation and it is an important part of the country’s identity, however, one of the most beautiful sites to see is the Blue Mosque , which isn’t a far walk from the Opera building. This Shia mosque is the only functioning mosque in the city and the courtyard and colourful dome are very much worth seeing.

After admiring the mosque, head to Republic Square , the main square in Yerevan. There is a beautiful fountain situated in front of the Armenian History Museum that, during summer evenings, is lit in different colours. The square is also surrounded by beautiful examples of Armenian neoclassical buildings in Yerevan’s iconic rose-hued stone, making it obvious as to why it is known as the “pink city.”

Now wander over to the Vernissage Market , a large open-air souvenir market that is the perfect place to find something unique to bring home to your friends and family.

Contrary to what you might find in tacky souvenir shops full of mass-produced magnets and pomegranate tchotchkes, here you can get local handicrafts like beautiful chess and backgammon boards, intricate silver jewellery, and much more. You will also be supporting local artisans by keeping traditional practices alive.

Your last stop for your first day in Yerevan should be at the St Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral . Opened in 2001 to mark the 1700th anniversary of Christianity in Armenia (which is believed to be the first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion), this is the largest Armenian Apostolic church in the world and is truly spectacular to see.

St Gregory the Illuminator Cathedral

Round out your sightseeing at Yerevan’s GUM Market , the central market hall of the Armenian capital. Though it isn’t as lively and chaotic as, say, the Green Bazaar in Kutaisi, Georgia , it is still a great way to see what locals eat and to sample some regionally sourced and produced treats while staying away from multinational supermarket chains.

End your first day in one of the great restaurants, cafes, or wine bars on Saryan Street. In Vino is a good choice if you want to choose from an extensive list of both local and international vintages paired with local meats and cheeses.

If you want something a bit more substantial, Tapastan is a great Armenian fusion restaurant. Alternatively, head over to the Cascade and enjoy some surprisingly delicious Thai food from Wine Republic , which was one of our favourite haunts in Yerevan.

A glass of local red and a meat a cheese board from In Vino in Yerevan

Day 2 in Yerevan Itinerary

Your second day in Yerevan may be a bit more sombre and not quite as busy as the first, but will still give you a great insight into the history of the city and Armenia as a whole.

Begin your day by hopping in a taxi to the Armenian Genocide Memorial and Museum, which is located a bit outside of the city centre. It will take about 10-15 minutes to get there.

The eternal flame at the Armenian Genocide Memorial

The memorial and museum are free to enter and it is extremely well-curated and an incredibly powerful place to visit. When visiting Armenia, it is important to learn about the darkest part of its history where up to 1.5 million people were murdered.

There is also a garden in front of the museum with a tree planted for each foreign official who has officially recognised the atrocities carried out by the Ottomans in 1915-1923 as a genocide. There is also a plaque honouring the 31 countries and the European Union that have officially recognised the Armenian Genocide.

After visiting the memorial and museum, it is likely you will need a drink and it isn’t an easy place to spend time in. Therefore, take a taxi to Dargett Brewpub , Armenia’s only microbrewery which serves up some fantastic craft beers along with some fantastic western-style bar food.

If you can’t decide which kind of beer to order, we recommend ordering a tasting flight. Our favourites included the American Pale Ale, the Vertigo IPA, and the Belgian Tripel.

Craft beer flight from Dargett Brewpub

After a beer and some lunch, head to the Armenian History Museum at Republic Square. Though, as of May 2019, parts of this museum are under construction, it is still a great place to stop by to learn more about the history of Armenia beyond that genocide. The museum is famous for being home to the world’s oldest shoe, which was found in a cave in the south of the country called Areni-2, or the “bird’s cave.”

After the history museum, if you’re keen to learn more about Yerevan from a local’s perspective, we recommend going on the Yerevan Free Walking Tour , which meets every day at 4 PM in front of the museum. The tour is about 3 hours long and advance booking is required, however, it is an excellent way to learn about Yerevan’s history and culture from a friendly and knowledgeable local.

Finish your day with dinner at one of the restaurants recommended on Day 1.

The Armenian History Museum

Day 3 in Yerevan Itinerary

On your third day, it is time to get out of Yerevan and see some of the surrounding area. There are a number of day trip options from Yerevan that are all fairly easy to organise, whether independently or via organised tour.

Two of the most popular day trips from Yerevan include heading to the nearby town of Garni , home to an ancient temple, bizarre rock formations known as the Symphony of Stones, and a beautiful monastery nearby. It takes about 30 minutes to get there via marshrutka.

The city of Etchmiadzin (Vagharshapat) is also an easy-to-do independent day trip from Yerevan. This town is known as the “Vatican of Armenia” and is the home of the Armenian Apostolic Church, which is a separate church from the Catholic, Orthodox, or Anglican church.

It is also home to the Etchmiadzin Cathedral, which is believed to be the oldest cathedral not just in Armenia, but in the entire world. Bus 203 from the Central Bus Station will get you there and back with limited expense and hassle.

If you’re keen to explore more of Armenia beyond just the areas near to Yerevan, then the easiest way to do this is by organised tour. Some popular places to visit in Armenia as day trips from Yerevan include the Khor Virap Monastery , the Noravank Monastery , Lake Sevan , the Hin Areni Winery , or even Tatev Monastery .

There are numerous tour companies available, but the three most popular are Envoy Tours , Hyur Service , and One Way Tours .

Envoy is the most expensive, but have smaller groups and lunch is included in the total tour price. One Way tours have the most budget-friendly experience, by far.

A good mid-range option is Hyur Service, which is what we chose and we were altogether happy with our day tour to Khor Virap, Noravank, Areni, and the Bird’s Cave. Different tours depart on different days, so make sure to shop around and see what suits your schedule and what you want to see in Armenia if you’re keen to take a tour.

Noravank Monastery

Where to Stay in Yerevan

Yerevan is growing in popularity amongst foreign tourists and, with that, there are a number of great accommodation options to choose from in the city, no matter what your budget is. If you’re wondering where to stay in Yerevan, here are some of our top suggestions:

Skyline Hotel Yerevan — If you’re looking for a well-located hotel to stay at in Yerevan, then this is a good option for you. This locally-run hotel has a range of clean and comfortable rooms available, is located within walking distance of most of Yerevan’s top attractions, and there is an option to add breakfast to your nightly rate. Click here to see their latest prices

Avenue ApartHotel – This aparthotel is an excellent option if you want your own place to stay in Yerevan while still having all of the nice amenities of a hotel. They have a range of both suites and rooms on offer along with plenty of perks to make your stay a great one. Click here to see their latest prices

Envoy Hostel — This hostel is one of the best places to stay in Yerevan for backpackers, budget and solo travellers alike. They have a range of dorm beds and private rooms available, helpful staff, clean facilities, and good common areas. They also provide day tours to other areas in Armenia at a discounted rate to their hostel guests. Click here to see their latest prices

Not quite what you’re looking for? Click here to browse other options in Yerevan!

The Cascade in Yerevan

Days 4-5: Dilijan

After spending a busy three days in Yerevan, it’s time to head to the next destination on your Armenia itinerary: Dilijan.

Known as the “Switzerland of Armenia,” Dilijan is located just a 90-minute marshrutka ride from Yerevan, however, it feels like a different world. Dilijan is a great escape from the city and a fantastic place to spend a couple of days enjoying the laid-back mountain atmosphere, going for a few hikes, or taking a trip to some nearby monasteries.

While there aren’t a lot of traditional sites to see or things to do in Dilijan, it is still a great place to visit to see a different side to Armenia and to enjoy the pastoral side of the country. Two days here is more than enough to go for a hike or two, relax in a cafe or by the lake, and visit some surrounding monasteries or maybe even the gorgeous Lake Sevan.

Where to Stay in Dilijan

Dilijan is a popular weekend getaway amongst Armenians and a popular destination amongst international as well. While many visitors come only as a day trip, many others still decide to take advantage of all of the wonderful nature of Dilijan National Park and stay the night. If you’re wondering where to stay in Dilijan, have a look at these suggestions:

Green Dilijan B&B — This family-run guesthouse is an excellent choice for budget travellers. They have a few rooms available, a cosy common area for guests, and a lovely balcony with views of the mountains. It is kept very clean and the extremely friendly and helpful owners also offer an excellent breakfast for an additional charge. Click here to check their availability

Chalet Dilijan Hotel — This hotel is a great option if your budget accounts for a bit more than a family-run guesthouse. They have a number of clean and comfortable rooms available for all types of travellers and breakfast is also included in the nightly rate. Click here to check their availability

Not quite what you’re looking for? Click here to browse other places in Dilijan!

Lovely Dilijan

7-Day Armenia Itinerary

If you have longer, spending one week in Armenia is ideal to get a really good grasp of the country and a more well-rounded view of the culture and history of this beautiful nation.

Days 1-2: Gyumri

If you’re travelling to Armenia from Georgia, then beginning your Armenia itinerary in the second-largest of Gyumri is a logical option.

In the past, Gyumri has been known as both Alexandropol (when it was part of the Russian Empire) and Leninakan (during Soviet times) and was once the largest city in Armenia — at its peak being home to over 500,000 people. However, the city was absolutely devastated by the Spitak Earthquake in 1988, which killed at least 25,000 people.

More than 30 years later, Gyumri is still recovering and rebuilding from the devastation and can seem a bit “rough around the edges,” meaning it isn’t the most popular tourist attraction in Armenia. However, if you want to see how people live in Armenia and venture where few tourists tend to go, then spend two nights in Gyumri is an excellent addition to your Armenia itinerary.

Though it is lacking in traditional tourist sites, it is still worth strolling to the Black Fortress , through the Central Park , and enjoying one of the wonderful cafes on Pushkin Street (we recommend Herbs & Honey ).

Because it is Armenia’s second-largest city, it is well-connected in the country and it is easy to get to Yerevan from Gyumri. There is an affordable train that connects the two cities a couple of times per day and numerous marshrutky that leave throughout the day.

Gyumri buildings

Where to Stay in Gyumri

Though it’s the second-largest city in Armenia, Gyumri doesn’t see nearly the amount of tourists as some other destinations in the country. That doesn’t, however, mean there is a shortage of great places to stay. If you are looking for the best places to rest your head in Gyumri, have a look at these suggestions:

Tomu’s Hotel — If you’re looking for a more traditional hotel rather than a guesthouse, then this is an excellent option for you. Centrally located, this hotel has a range of rooms available, helpful staff with 24-hour reception, and a restaurant and bar on site. Click here to see their latest prices

Lind Hostel & Guesthouse — This family-run guesthouse is one of the best places to stay in Gyumri if you’re travelling on a budget. They have a range of comfortable rooms available, a fully equipped kitchen for guests to use, and impeccably clean facilities. It is located an easy walk from the city centre and breakfast is available and an affordable additional cost. The owners are also incredibly friendly and ready to help. Click here to see their latest prices

Not quite what you’re looking for? Click here to browse other options in Gyumri!

The Mother Armenia statue in Gyumri

Days 3-5: Yerevan

Follow the suggestions in the 5-day Armenia itinerary as to how to best spend 3 days in Yerevan.

Days 6-7: Dilijan or Goris

Round off your 7 days in Armenia enjoying the laid-back mountain scenery of Dilijan. Follow the suggestions in the 5-day itinerary above for an idea of what to do and where to stay.

Alternatively, it is possible to spend two days in the southern town of Goris, which is a popular spot for those who are looking to visit the iconic Tatev Monastery and take the world’s longest cable car ride to the church. We didn’t make it here during our time in Armenia as it is quite out of the way, so cannot speak from experience, but many travellers and local Armenians have spoken highly about the town.

It is most logical to end your Armenia itinerary here if you plan to continue your travels into Iran, however, it is possible to head back to Yerevan and travel further from there, as well.

The Blue Mosque -- the only active mosque in Yerevan

Have More Time?

If you have more than five or seven days in Armenia, there are numerous places that you could add to your itinerary. For one, if you’re keen to spend maybe 10 days in Armenia, it is logical to add the town of Goris and Tatev Monastery to your itinerary.

You could also opt to spend longer in Yerevan, explore more of the city or go on a couple more day trips or tours from there. If you want to do more hiking in Armenia, then spending longer will allow you to do that as well without sacrificing any of the cultural and historical sites on this itinerary as well.

As an independent traveller, planning a trip to Armenia doesn’t have to be a difficult task. With enough prior research and planning, you are sure to piece together the optimal Armenia itinerary for your own travel style!

Are you planning a trip to Armenia? Have any questions about this itinerary? Let us know in the comments!

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About Maggie Turansky

Maggie is a co-founder and writer for The World Was Here First. Originally from the US, she has lived in five different countries and has travelled to dozens more, both solo and with her partner, Michael. She particularly loves exploring Spain and spending time in the Caucasus and the Baltics. Read more about Maggie

Hello Maggie, thanks for this post. I am heading to Armenia and Georgia late September/early October. I already have a plan for Georgia, but for Armenia not so much. In particular, there are 4 free days after spending the weekend in Yerevan that I am not sure how best to plan for. I would like to visit Tatev, so really that limits me to the south. What would you recommend? I’m probably going to stick with public transport, renting a car is a possibility but I’m a bit nervous about that when I’m traveling on my own.

Hey David, thanks for your comment! If you want to visit Tatev and you have 4 days to play around with, then I think it could be worth it to head down to Goris. It isn’t necessary to hire a car as Goris is accessible by public transit, it can just be tricky to find up-to-date information online. I would recommend heading to a tourist info centre or asking your accommodation about transit options if you don’t want to self-drive, often they can call and book you a seat as well. Hope this helps and you have a great trip!

Thanks Maggie for the swift reply. I was wondering what else you would recommend between Goris and Yerevan , in that 4 day timeframe? What would be realistic, if only using public transport? At the end of the 4th day I’d need to be back in Yerevan, for a tour that takes me through to Georgia that starts the following day (with Envoy Hostel).

Realistically, if you’re relying on only public transport, I would recommend staying one extra day in Yerevan and doing a day tour to some attractions in Southern Armenia (Khor Virap, Noravank, Areni, etc) and then taking three days for your Goris/Tatev leg. It can be really hard to visit those attractions independently if you don’t have your own vehicle and it’s also not very easy to break up the journey between Yerevan and Goris.

Hi Maggie, Nice article written on Armenia… I am on my vacation with my family to Georgia in May. Planning 7 days in Georgia and and 5 days in Armrnia.. Is it possible to cover the nb best of Armenia

Thanks for your comment! Yes, you can definitely see some highlights in Armenia in just 5 days 🙂

hi, thank you for this informative piece, im also planning on visiting Georgia, would u happen to have any knowledge of Georgia too tia

Hi Daniel! Yes, we’ve spent quite a bit of time in Georgia and have a lot of information written. You can find everything here: https://www.theworldwasherefirst.com/georgia-travel-guide/

brilliant thank you very much indeed

Excellent and explained in simple language. Thanks

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The Taste of Armenia - Private Tour (5 days)

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International Versions

  • Deutsch: Armenien Rundreisen 2024
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  • Passports, travel and living abroad
  • Travel abroad
  • Foreign travel advice

Entry requirements

This advice reflects the UK government’s understanding of current rules for people travelling on a full ‘British citizen’ passport from the UK, for the most common types of travel. 

The authorities in Armenia set and enforce entry rules. If you’re not sure how these requirements apply to you, contact the Armenian Embassy in the UK. 

COVID-19 rules 

There are no COVID-19 testing or vaccination requirements for travellers entering Armenia. 

Passport validity requirements 

If you are visiting Armenia, your passport must be valid for the duration of your stay.

Check with your travel provider that your passport and other travel documents meet requirements. Renew your passport if you need to. 

You will be denied entry if you do not have a valid travel document or try to use a passport that has been reported lost or stolen.  

Visa requirements 

You can visit Armenia without a visa up to 180 days per year. 

To stay longer (to work or study, for business travel or for other reasons), you must register with the Administration Department for Passports and Visas (OVIR).

Address: Davtashen, 4th District, 31/2 Building, Yerevan, Armenia 0054 

Telephone: +374 11 36 1394, +374 11 36 9140 

Applying for a visa

Apply for an e-visa from the Armenian Embassy in the UK. 

Vaccination requirements  

At least 8 weeks before your trip, check the vaccinations and certificates you need in TravelHealthPro’s Armenia guide . 

Customs rules 

There are strict rules about goods you can take into or out of Armenia. You must declare anything that may be prohibited or subject to tax or duty. 

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  • Travel Planning Guide

How much does a trip to Armenia Cost?

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How much money should you budget for your trip to Armenia?

  • How much does a one-week trip to Armenia cost?
  • How much does a two-week trip to Armenia cost?
  • How much does a one-month trip to Armenia cost?
  • Hostel Prices
  • Hotel Prices

The Cost of a Trip to Armenia

A trip to Armenia for one person usually costs between $12 and $59 per day and $24 to $118 for two people. This is a wide range of costs, and the daily average per person from our data is $28 (AMD11,446) per person. This average includes food, accommodation, sightseeing, and local transportation expenses contributed from other travelers. Prices can vary based on travel style and activities. While the overall price for a trip to Armenia is dependent on your personal travel style and the specific places you visit, if you book standard accommodation and travel with an average level of convenience, then your budget should be somewhere within this range. Also, the prices for individual destinations such as may vary, but generally fall somewhat close to this range. Below you can find a breakdown of travel expenses by category, plus a comparison of guided tour costs versus traveling independently.

For budget travelers in Armenia, planning for around $12 (AMD4,866) per day should cover essentials such as accommodations in hostels and budget hotels, affordable meal options, local transportation, and engaging in various activities. If you're a mid-range traveler, setting aside around $28 (AMD11,446) per day would allow for more comfortable stays in typical hotels, dining at regular restaurants, and exploring a diverse range of popular attractions. Luxury travelers, on the other hand, should consider a daily budget of approximately $59 (AMD23,936) to accommodate higher-end hotel stays, dining at nicer restaurants, and indulging in more exclusive private tour options. It's important to note that these price ranges are derived from our extensive travel cost data for Armenia, which is based on valuable insights from other travelers as well as hotel and tour data provided by travel companies. For a more detailed breakdown of travel costs, you can refer to our comprehensive travel cost data for Armenia .

How much does a one week trip to Armenia cost?

When planning a one-week trip to Armenia, most visitors to Armenia spend between $84 and $413 for their trip, with the average cost falling around $198. This estimate includes essential aspects such as sightseeing, local transportation, food, and accommodations. With a full week, you'll have sufficient time to explore one, two, or possibly three locations within Armenia, depending on the amount of time you want to spend in each place. The most popular places worth considering are . Keep in mind that these numbers are based on overall averages and may vary depending on your individual preferences.

set travel armenia

How much does a two week trip to Armenia cost?

With two weeks, you should budget between $168 and $826 for your trip to Armenia. The average price for a two week trip is $395. Two weeks will allow you enough time to visit between three and five places. If you're on a budget, you might want to consider some of the more affordable places such as smaller towns.

How much does a one month trip to Armenia cost?

When embarking on a month-long trip to Armenia, expenses can range from $360 to $1,771, with an average cost falling around $847. For those fortunate enough to have a full month, considering a vacation rental with a kitchen for at least a portion of your stay can help save money with meals. Backpackers often opt for hostels due to their affordability and the added benefit of a social vibe.

Hostel Prices in Armenia

With more than 20 hostels in Armenia, the average price is $13 per night for a dorm bed. Hostels are a terrific option for younger independent travelers looking to save money while staying social during their trip. With many types of hostels, it can be overwhelming to sort out the best places, though. Our analysis of the hostels in Armenia not only found the average price, but also uncovered some surprises about the overall quality, amenities, and atmosphere of hostels in the region. You can see more details from our analysis about typical hostel prices in Armenia here .

Here are a few sample prices from popular hostels in Armenia.

  • $13 for a dorm bed at Envoy Hostel in Yerevan more details
  • $14 for a dorm bed at Dilijan Hikers Hostel in Dilijan more details

Hotel Prices in Armenia

You'll find a wide range of hotel options across Armenia. Below are prices for some of the destinations, and for more details see our analysis of hotel costs in Armenia .

Hotel Roma & Tours

Jermuk olympia sanatorium.

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Should you do an organized tour or travel independently in Armenia?

When planning a trip to Armenia, there are two primary options to choose from: organized tours and independent travel. Organized tours offer a convenient and hassle-free experience, as all the details of your trip are handled by travel experts. Additionally, you'll have the benefit of an expert guide who can provide valuable insights and knowledge during your journey. This option is often favored by travelers who appreciate the convenience and ease it offers, with many tours providing transportation and expert guides to enhance the overall experience.

On the other hand, independent travel provides a different set of advantages. It offers a higher level of freedom and flexibility, allowing you to customize your itinerary and explore at your own pace. This option appeals to travelers who value the ability to make spontaneous decisions and have more control over their travel plans. The independence of traveling on your own can provide a sense of adventure and the opportunity to immerse yourself in the local culture on a deeper level.

Ultimately, the choice between organized tours and independent travel depends on your personal preferences and travel style. Consider your desired level of convenience, the amount of guidance you prefer, and the level of flexibility you seek when making your decision. Both options have their own merits, and the decision should be based on what aligns best with your travel goals and preferences.

Comparing Trip Costs in Armenia

When we compare the prices of organized tours to the average costs of independent travelers, we can see that sometimes the prices are fairly even.

Tours vs. independent Travel: Pros & Cons

Organized tours.

  • An expert guide familiar with the culture
  • Convenient transportation
  • Fellow travelers to socialize with
  • Well researched activities
  • Efficient and thought out itinerary
  • The security of have a trip leader if something goes wrong
  • Limited options
  • Usually not customizable
  • The fast pace often means you can’t visit one place in depth
  • Usually more expensive than independent travel
  • There may be limited time to interact with the local culture and community

Independent Travel

  • Completely customizable
  • Opportunity to visit off-the-beaten-path destinations
  • Can fully immerse yourself in the local culture
  • Freedom to move at your own pace
  • Flexibility to change your itinerary at any time
  • More affordable
  • Challenging to plan an efficient itinerary
  • Transportation may be challenging or inefficient
  • Booking and trip planning can be a hassle
  • Popular sights may sell out well in advance
  • If something goes wrong, you're on your own

Are organized tours more expensive than independent travel in Armenia?

Organized tours typically average around $223 per day and provide the convenience of an all-inclusive package with one comprehensive payment. On the other hand, independent trips usually average around $28 (AMD11,446) per day and involve individual payments for accommodations, local transportation, meals, and sightseeing. Both organized tours and independent trips have their own unique challenges and benefits, so it's crucial to thoroughly understand the aspects of each to make a fair comparison. For a detailed analysis of tour prices in Armenia, check out our comprehensive guide on tour prices in Armenia here .

Here are a few sample tours in Armenia:

  • 5 days in Armenia ($990) 5 days, 7 destinations more details
  • Classic Armenia - 7 days (Private Tour) ($1,420) 7 days, 9 destinations more details
  • The Taste of Armenia - Private Tour (5 days) ($1,300) 5 days, 8 destinations more details
  • Caucasus Tour ($6,000) 13 days, 17 destinations more details
  • Premium Wine Tour In Armenia (Private Tour/4* hotels) ($2,250) 5 days, 8 destinations more details

More for Armenia

If you're planning a trip to Armenia, check out these other informative travel guides.

We've been gathering travel costs from tens of thousands of actual travelers since 2010, and we use the data to calculate average daily travel costs for destinations around the world. We also systematically analyze the prices of hotels, hostels, and tours from travel providers such as Kayak, HostelWorld, TourRadar, Viator, and others. This combination of expenses from actual travelers, combined with pricing data from major travel companies, gives us a uniqe insight into the overall cost of travel for thousands of cities in countries around the world. You can see more here: How it Works .

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1 Categories averaged on a per-item basis. 2 Categories averaged on a per-day basis. For example, the Food 2 daily average is for all meals for an entire day, while Entertainment 1 is for each individual purchase. Thus, the overall daily average cost is not a summation of the individual categories.

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Sidon Travel

Sidon Travel & Tourism LLC is a reputable full service travel agency based in Los Angeles and Yerevan.  Sidon Travel & Tourism USA was founded in 1975 in Los Angeles. In 1995 Sidon Travel Yerevan was set up in Armenia and is one of the oldest travel agencies in Armenia. With 25 years of experience, Sidon Travel Yerevan serves thousands customers from Armenia and abroad. Sidon Travel Yerevan has been a staple in the travel industry due to our client centric focus.

Sidon Travel Yerevan is the general representative of Middle East Airlines (member of Sky Team) in Armenia, with up to 4 flights scheduled weekly to Beirut.

Sidon Travel Yerevan is the general representative of LusitanaSol Portuguese tour operator which provides tours to Portugal with daily guaranteed departure.

Our company is a member of IATA (International Air Transport Association) .

Our company has 3 main departments: Ticketing, Outgoing Tourism and Incoming Tourism.

  • Air tickets worldwide
  • GSA of Middle East Airlines

OUTGOING TOURISM

  • Booking of hotels all over the world
  • Customized packages
  • Tours and excursions
  • Travel Insurance
  • MICE (Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, Events)
  • 24-hour support and information

INCOMING TOURISM

  • Regular and customized tours and requests in Armenia
  • Thematic tours and exclusive programs in Armenia
  • Booking of hotels in Armenia
  • Airport transfers
  • Comfortable buses, minivans
  • Skilled multilingual tour guides

United States of America, Department of State

U.S. Embassy in Armenia

Social / search, the ambassadors fund for summer work travel (swt) scholarship.

The Ambassadors Fund for Summer Work Travel (SWT) Scholarship is a highly competitive scholarship funded by the U.S. Department of State.

The scholarship offers a unique opportunity to visit and spend up to four months in the United States on the BridgeUSA Summer Work Travel Program.

Scholarship recipients demonstrate a willingness and interest in developing skills related to community building, media literacy, storytelling and intercultural competencies, seek to gain professional experience in the United States, to improve their English language skills, and to share their own culture with Americans.

For more information please visit: Ambassadors Fund for Summer Work Travel https://www.swtscholarships.org/

Application Deadline: December 15, 2022

By U.S. Mission Armenia | 9 November, 2022 | Topics: Job Opportunities

2024 Excellence and Achievement (Fulbright TEA) Program

Great Seal of the United States

Track II Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding Initiatives

Footer Disclaimer This is the official website of the U.S. Embassy in Armenia. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.

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How Safe Is Armenia for Travel?

Armenia

  • Armenia : Safety by City

Armenia, officially known as the Republic of Armenia is a country located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia.

This landlocked country shares its borders with Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east, and Azerbaijan’s Naxcivan exclave to the southwest.

Geographically, an interesting fact about this country is that – as high as 5% of Armenia’s territory consists of Lake Sevan (Sevana Lich), which is the largest lake in the Lesser Caucasus mountain range.

Apart from this, Armenia flaunts remarkable natural landscapes: due to its mountains and mountain valleys, Armenia’s climate varies a great deal, and it’s not just climate that varies from region to region: Armenia’s scenery is gorgeous, with dry areas to a lush forest at the top of mountain ridges.

As for attractions in this country – you can choose from medieval monasteries all over the country (known as the number-one attraction), gorgeous landscapes perfect for hiking and climbing (if you’re the nature-loving type), and the wonderful experience of visiting Yerevan – which many say is the most endearing landmark to visit while here.

  • Warnings & Dangers in Armenia

OVERALL RISK: LOW

Armenia is overall safe to travel to, with considerably low crime rates and even pickpockets not being that much of an issue. However, it is advised that you remain vigilant at all times, especially when crossing the streets.

TRANSPORT & TAXIS RISK: MEDIUM

Transport is generally safe in Armenia, but be careful when taking a taxi, especially at Zvartnots International Airport. There might be taxi drivers trying to overcharge you ridiculously for a drive to town.

PICKPOCKETS RISK: MEDIUM

Pickpocketing exists in Armenia and you should remain vigilant and make sure not to flash your belongings in crowded places such as bus or train stations, or public transport. Be careful and keep your valuables close by your side.

NATURAL DISASTERS RISK: MEDIUM

Floods are the biggest natural threat in Armenia: there was a flooding in 2010 that caused an estimated US$ 10 million in damage. Armenia also faces droughts, hail storms and landslides.

MUGGING RISK: LOW

It is not likely you will get mugged or kidnapped in Armenia. Crime rates are generally not too high and violent crime against tourists is unlikely. Still, don't let your guard down and stay away from dark and deserted areas of bigger cities.

TERRORISM RISK: LOW

Even though there haven't been any terrorist attacks in Armenia's recent history, they shouldn't be ruled out, so be aware of your surroundings at all times.

SCAMS RISK: MEDIUM

There is the issue of scams in Armenia, just like in any other country, and the most common ones are credit card and ATM scams. Be careful when picking up your many from ATMs, especially those that accept VISA credit cards: they might withdraw money from your account but not deliver it to you! Always negotiate everything in advance, double check your change and never pay anything upfront. Never accept drinks from strange people or leave your drink unattended.

WOMEN TRAVELERS RISK: LOW

Armenia is definitely safe for solitary female. Just use your common sense and have your wits with you. Avoid poorly lit and deserted areas at night and finding yourself in places filled with drunken people.

  • So... How Safe Is Armenia Really?

Generally, Armenia is safe to travel to and Yerevan is really not a dangerous city to be in.

However, even though crime rates in Armenia are not through the roof, it is still recommended that you remain vigilant at all times, especially at night.

Use common sense if you’re going out at night, especially if you plan on drinking because you might encounter people willing to start a fight.

As for scams, there are some well-known scams related to ATM machines, particularly ATMs that accept VISA cards, where the machine withdraws cash from your account, but you receive no money!

Another known scam happens on Zvartnots International Airport, with people asking tourists if they need a taxi, and when they find people who do, they take them to a taxi that costs two or three times more than a regular taxi.

Whatever they say, do not trust those people, even if they’ve already packed up all your luggage in the trunk: taxi rides from the airports usually cost around 2,000-3,000 dram instead of the 10,000 drams they are asking.

They can be very convincing saying that the ride really costs that much, and that’s how many tourists have been tricked.

Generally, be careful when using taxis and other means of transport: if you want to check if a car is a real taxi, look at the number plate: if it is yellow or the first are 3 digit numbers (and NOT 2 digit), then it is a taxi you can use and not worry about getting scammed.

  • How Does Armenia Compare?
  • Useful Information

Many nationals, such as EU and US nationals do not need an entry visa for Armenia and can stay usually a maximum of 90 days per visit. If you are not sure about your visa status, visit www.doyouneedvisa.com which will let you know whether or not you need visa based on your nationality and the country you want to visit.

Armenia dram is the official currency in Armenia. ATMs are widely used throughout the country, but credit cards aren't accepted as much as in other parts of Europe: you can use them in better hotels, restaurants and some shops in the capitals.

Climate in Armenia varies from dry subtropical to the mountain tundra climate. In Yerevan, July is the hottest month with average temperatures reaching as high as 27°C and the coldest month is January with temperatures of -3°C.

Zvartnots International Airport is the main international airport in Armenia. It is located near Zvartnots, about 12 km west of Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia.

Travel Insurance

Just like anywhere else, we recommend getting travel insurance when traveling to Armenia since it covers not only the costs of medical problems, but also theft and loss of valuables.

Armenia Weather Averages (Temperatures)

  • Average High/Low Temperature

Armenia - Safety by City

Explore armenia.

  • 10 Most Dangerous Cities In Armenia
  • 10 Safest Cities in Armenia
  • 16 Pros and Cons of Living in Armenia
  • Where to Next?

925228-baku

43 Reviews on Armenia

Young people are moving to Europe due to economic crisis and unemployment in Armenia made the country to have just older Soviet brain people. Expect they have amazing natural places to visit but still so boring country with its unrich culture.

Respect for women is lovely but you still should be careful with taki driver.

So boring country with its uncultured people and poor culture. Poverty rate is so high. Robbery and rude behavior by local people are also extreme level. Don’t reccomend

Armenia is Awesome!

Uncultured? How stupid are you! 4,000 years plus history. Yerevan crawling with gorgeous women. Best wines and brandy in the world. Opera, music, open air cafes everywhere. Friendliest people I’ve ever met in any country. Get real. GO back to Baku or whatever shit hole city you’re from.

I love Armenia it’s such a beautiful country my husband is Armenian and I’m English I have been going to Yerevan in Armenia 🇦🇲 for 20 years to visit all my friends and family hope to move there one day such friendly people xxx🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲🇦🇲

Brilliant 🙂

You’re not very bright, are you? As a matter of fact, you’re not bright at all? Please do us a favor and don’t use a computer’s keyboard to display your utter stupidity!

Just because they Are homeless and poor does not mean anything you know you should not judge till you are walking in their shoes. Think about what I Just said. do not judge

Okay mr Azeri

Amazing country!

Armenia is amazing! The people, the food, the ambience, the nature, opera park… Everything is great! I love to visit Yerevan in the summer when all restaurants outside are open.

Lol “irakli” he is georgian, such nationality with such unrich culture will come here to have envy on Armenia and lower rating

I thought the same. Backwards Georgians.

Will visit next year again

The best Caucasian country. Highly recommended to visit. The country overall is pretty safe and I did not encounter any scam in Armenia. People were very hospitable. I did not have a language problem in the capital city but you may consider taking a local guide for visiting other cities like I did but it is up to you. See you in the next year Armenia

So dangerous , people wants to steal your money . Always looking weird , looking our pockets and bags

are u Indian

indians are nice people like all other people in the entire world. please dont misjudge indians. as human beings, if we treat, other people and or living creatures in a loving and affectionate manner, then we too get the same …. god bless every one …..

Were you the one stealing money?

Great people ,beautiful country,amazing food.

Fantastic allrounder

Great hospitality, wonderful natural beauty and a unique culture to learn about!

Should visit at least once

Amazing country to visit, extremely safe with a night life like no other. People extremely humble and kind

ARMENIA IS VERY SAFE SO YOU ARE WRONG!!!!!

Best place for tourists

The best place I have ever visited. You can walk in the middle of the night and not be scared even a little. Rich culture , so rich that in 1 week I have only explored 20% of it. Love Armenia 🇦🇲 coming next year P. S. The people were so nice and polite , they were ready to help❤️

Would love to visit Armenia with my kids!!

Best life experience

The best place 🇦🇲❤️ Recommend for everyone

Best Country Ever!

Best Country Ever! Recommend for everyone. Very safe place.

Isn’t there a war going on right now in that country? How is that safe 11/8/20

I agree with all the five star reviews. Good tours. Safe. Super friendly. Yerevan has plenty of great places to eat and visit. Armenians love their children! For me it’s an amazing place.

Well, somebody answer him. Is it safe due to civil unrest?

Nobody responded to you. That’s interesting. We are planning to go there in April 2021. But should we? Armenia lost the war and now they are angry. Will there be “civil unrest”?

Armenia is definitely safe.

There were protests after the war and people broke into the parliament building (sound familiar). Things are quiet now in Yerevan. Although there will be an election later in June, so there may be more protests depending on the results. Overall, Yerevan is still one of the safest cities in the world.

It is safe now.

As of late June 2020, Armenia is quite safe and the unrest has died down, with the elections being over.

There is no civil unrest, people do protest for pow’s to bring our boys back but there are peaceful people. I M going this summer, can’t wait.

Love to come visit

IT IS AWSOME!!!!!!!!!

i love it and i love them it is a nice colter and amazing fun

Excelent cpuntry with excellent modals. Recommended.

God's nation

I’ve been all over the world by far the most welcoming people! And I’m not talking about the food and the culture! Will go Again in August!

Ordinary local taxi not safe

Avoid using local taxis, we got hooked up by a bad taxi driver, since he cant speak english, he fooled us with the price, the price was 5760 amd from genocide memorial park till republic square. Normally, it is 1000amd only via yandex go taxi. So i hand over 5000 amd to him, since i dont have loose coins, i decided to just give him 20, 000 amd and he grabbed immediately the 20000 amd and threw in the cupholder near the gear, and doesn’t want to give me the 5000 amd which i gave first. He said i had only given 6,000amd to him. And forced us to leave the car quickly. Lesson learned for tourist like me, never ever use local taxis, even in airport, they are so greedy of money. It is much safer to download yandex go taxi app. It is cheaper, very safe and convenient for tourists to roam around yerevan city. Because of this bad taxi driver, my good impression to this country was ruined instantly. Definitely i will not come to visit here again.

It’s cheaper to higher a Man with his air- conditioning car all your stay in Armenia , so you can make the most of it .It’s a Beautiful Country if I had the chance I would spend a month each year there .people are so so friendly & generous . Everything is so cheap there you can live like a king. There food is all organic.specially there fruits I would die for . 99 per cent are University graduates

Armenia - Awesome Country

Armenia is a very safe country (top 10 safest countries in the world). The bad reviews on this site are primarily from our racist neighbors from azerbaijan whom we are not in good terms with. Do not listen to them and watch all of the videos on YouTube from foreigners about how wonderful Armenia and Armenians are. Also, the data on this page describing Armenia are worded negatively. I will not trust this site for reviews or opinions.

Definitely a safe country, but boring overall

Armenia is an incredibly safe country, and as an Armenian myself, I can safely say that this article isn’t overall very useful. This place is very safe, so safe that parents send their kids (7+ years old) to go get groceries from the market. Yes, every once in a while, there might be some incident where some person got mugged, but this is incredibly rare. I would recommend going on vacation to Armenia if you like road trips and sight seeing, because that’s just about everything there is. I am a kid, and my visit was very boring. We stayed in our Airbnb in Armenia for 2 weeks, and all we did was go around to monasteries and statues. It sounds fun, but 11 year-old children like me don’t like sight seeing. Not that the sights were bad, it’s just that the 2+ hour drive to most of them wasn’t worth it. Overall, 2/5 stars because there’s just not much to do. Yerevan Park is probably a good place to visit, but I wouldn’t know, since I didn’t really have the chance to do so.

Love the country and it’s people

It’s a beautiful country, intelligent people who are trying to overcome their poverty. I have been their 4 times, spend time in classrooms, interacted with teachers, worked on a Habitat house and helped with major renovations to two schools. I’ve kept contact with our interpreters.

Cars are prioritized over pedestrians in Yerevan. Be careful. They are always backing up and walkers beware. Walking on narrow streets and back alleys is particularly stressful. Cars drive very close to you if you don’t get out of their way quickly. I live her and I decided one day to stop dodging them and make them watch out for me.

Exceptional

Armenia, a hidden treasure in the Caucasus, mesmerized me with its rich history, warm hospitality, and stunning landscapes. From ancient monasteries to mouthwatering cuisine, this country exceeded my expectations. The friendly locals and breathtaking scenery, including Mount Aragats and Lake Sevan, make Armenia a must-visit destination.

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Article Contents

  • Overall Risk
  • Transport & Taxis Risk
  • Pickpockets Risk
  • Natural Disasters Risk
  • Mugging Risk
  • Terrorism Risk
  • Women Travelers Risk
  • Weather Averages (Temperatures)
  • User Reviews
  • Share Your Experience

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  1. 15 Best Places to Visit in Armenia

    set travel armenia

  2. The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // An Essential Break Down

    set travel armenia

  3. 15 Incredible Places to Visit in Armenia Plus, Stay, Eat, Play

    set travel armenia

  4. 18 Amazing Places to Visit in Armenia in 2020

    set travel armenia

  5. Why Visit Armenia and What To See and Do

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  6. Unlocking Armenia, The Travel Insider’s Destination To Visit In 2020

    set travel armenia

COMMENTS

  1. Armenia Budget Travel Guide (Updated 2024)

    Visit Yerevan Known as Armenia's "Pink City" for the rose-colored volcanic material used for much of the city's buildings, Yerevan is home to wide tree-lined boulevards, busy town squares, and a thriving cafe culture. Try the city's famous dark coffee; it's rich, sweet, and packed with caffeine. 3. Go Skiing in Tsaghkadzor

  2. About Us

    About Us - SET Who's involved? You, a traveler to Armenia. You're ready to have an experience found nowhere else, rejuvenate in nature and contribute to the places you visit. Rural Armenians. Witty and colorful, rural Armenians live amidst the nature that has sustained our people for 6000 years.

  3. SET

    SET - SunChild Eco tours Activities Accommodation Glamping Popular Activities Discover the Nature of Armenia! Accommodations Eco Lodge in Caucasus Wildlife Refuge The Eco-Lodge was our first tourist accommodation we constructed in the Caucasus Wildlife Refuge (CWR) in 2013.

  4. Is Armenia Safe to Visit in 2024? (& Safety Tips!)

    Yes. Armenia is still very safe to visit. The country has a fairly low level of crime and the level of crime affecting tourists is even lower. The only exception is that you should avoid some areas that are sensitive geopolitically, such as the borders with Azerbaijan. Most countries advise their citizens that Armenia is safe to visit.

  5. Travel to Armenia

    January 9, 2023 by Thijs Broekkamp From enjoying the world's longest cable car ride through the mesmerising landscapes of Vorotan canyon to admiring some of the oldest monasteries on record, these are just some of the reasons you should travel to Armenia. Travel To Armenia, Road in Vorotan Canyon to Tatev

  6. COVID-related entry requirements for U.S. citizens?

    For travel to the United States on a temporary basis, including tourism, temporary employment, study and exchange. Read More. ... Outside of Armenia: (+374)10494585; (+374)10494444. International Parental Child Abduction; Arrest of a U.S. Citizen; Death of a U.S. Citizen; Victims of Crime;

  7. The Ultimate Armenia Itinerary for 3-10 Days of Travel

    Whether you're looking for an easy add-on to the end of your Georgia itinerary or something more substantial to insert into a broader Caucasus travel itinerary, this Armenia itinerary showcases the best of the country's north. Building on my own experiences travelling in Armenia, I've included three recommended routes for 3, 7 or 10 days of travel.

  8. COVID-19 Travel restrictions

    The passengers are NO LONGER REQUIRED to present a COVID-19 PCR test or a Certificate of complete vaccination against COVID-19 to enter the Republic of Armenia. For foreigners, the entry to the Republic of Armenia continues to remain open both via air and land borders. The quarantine on the territory of the Republic of Armenia due to COVID-19 ...

  9. Armenia travel Tips: 12 things you need to know to plan your very first

    Day 1: Explore Yerevan. Day 2: Visit monasteries of Khor-Virap, Noravank and Tatev (via 14 hr conducted tour to and from Yerevan) Day 3: Explore Yerevan and Echmiadzin (25 min from Yerevan) Day 4: Take the train to Gyumri (second largest city in Armenia) with overnight stay. Day 5: return to Yerevan from Gyumri.

  10. Armenia Travel Advisory

    Following the September 13-15, 2022 military actions along the Armenia-Azerbaijan border, including reports of shelling inside Armenia, U.S. Embassy employees and their families were prohibited from any non-essential travel to select areas along the Armenia-Azerbaijan border.

  11. Travel advice and advisories for Armenia

    Azerbaijan The security environment is highly volatile at the border between Armenia and Azerbaijan due to the ongoing dispute over the Nagorno-Karabakh region. All border crossings into Azerbaijan are closed and the border is heavily militarized.

  12. 35 Useful Things to Know Before You Visit Armenia

    Armenia has all the necessary features for the perfect travel destination; fantastic nature and landscapes, delicious and fresh food, super hospitable people, and it's really affordable and cheap to travel in for non-locals.

  13. The Ultimate Armenia Travel Guide // An Essential Break Down

    The ideal time for Armenia travel is late May to early June, or late September to early October. RAINFALL. November is the wettest month. March and April historically have a good amount of rain but the weather was beautiful (with no rain) when we were there in late March. HOTTEST/COLDEST MONTHS.

  14. Armenia travel advice

    M16/H26 road between Ijevan and Noyemberyan FCDO advises against all travel along the M16/H26 road between the towns of Ijevan and Noyemberyan. Find out more about why FCDO advises against...

  15. COVID-19 Information

    Armenia National Center for Disease Control hotline: +374 (0) 60 83 83 00 or +374 (0)10-550-601 or +374 (0)10-550-602; Travel.state.gov Country Information on Armenia and Travel Advisory page. For the most recent information on what you can do to reduce your risk of contracting COVID-19, please see the CDC's latest recommendations.

  16. Armenia International Travel Information

    July 17, 2023 Armenia - Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution O Exercise increased caution in Armenia due to areas of armed conflict. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory. ... [READ MORE] Embassy Messages Alerts Demonstration Alert - U.S. Embassy Yerevan, Armenia Tue, 19 Sep 2023

  17. Planning to Travel Armenia? 18 Things You Need to Know

    02 Sep I think it's fair to say Armenia is pretty off the beaten track. Which is why knowing these 18 things before you travel there is pretty useful! Indeed before I adventured here, there were just a handful of bloggers writing about this country online.

  18. U.S. Embassy Yerevan, Armenia

    Step 1: Register your appointment online. You need to register your appointment online. Registering your appointment provides us with the information we need to return your passport to you after your interview. Registration is free. Click the "Register" button below to register. If you want to cancel or reschedule your appointment, you will ...

  19. Everything you need to know about travelling to Armenia

    Set at the heart of Yerevan, the Yerevan Cascade is a monumental staircase featuring terraces decorated with beautiful statues and flowers. Climbing the staircase for a panoramic view is one of the best things to do in Yerevan. ... When to travel to Armenia. Armenia generally has a highland continental climate with hot, dry summers and cold ...

  20. The Ultimate Armenia Itinerary: 5 to 7 Days (or More!)

    Days 4-5: Dilijan. After spending a busy three days in Yerevan, it's time to head to the next destination on your Armenia itinerary: Dilijan. Known as the "Switzerland of Armenia," Dilijan is located just a 90-minute marshrutka ride from Yerevan, however, it feels like a different world. Dilijan is a great escape from the city and a ...

  21. 10 Best Armenia Tours & Trips 2024

    Armenia Tours & Trips 2024. Find the right tour for you through Armenia. We've got 115 adventures going to Armenia, starting from just 3 days in length, and the longest tour is 14 days. The most popular month to go is May, which has the largest number of tour departures.

  22. Everything you need to know to plan your trip to #Armenia

    The Tourism Committee of the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Armenia hosted a Domestic Tourism Expo 2023 on May 27 and 28. During this event, there wa...

  23. Armenia Itinerary: Tips and Ideas for Travel to Armenia

    The main way to get around in Armenia is by mini-van. These run on a series of different routes between the main destinations in Armenia and are a very affordable way to get around. The schedules are difficult to come by though so it takes a bit of research in each new place to plan your way to the next place.

  24. Entry requirements

    COVID-19 rules There are no COVID-19 testing or vaccination requirements for travellers entering Armenia. Passport validity requirements If you are visiting Armenia, your passport must be valid...

  25. How much does a trip to Armenia Cost?

    The Cost of a Trip to Armenia. A trip to Armenia for one person usually costs between $12 and $59 per day and $24 to $119 for two people. This is a wide range of costs, and the daily average per person from our data is $28 (AMD11,446) per person.

  26. Services

    Sidon Travel & Tourism LLC is a reputable full service travel agency based in Los Angeles and Yerevan. Sidon Travel & Tourism USA was founded in 1975 in Los Angeles. In 1995 Sidon Travel Yerevan was set up in Armenia and is one of the oldest travel agencies in Armenia. With 25 years of experience, Sidon Travel Yerevan serves thousands customers ...

  27. Summer Work Travel (SWT) Scholarship

    The Ambassadors Fund for Summer Work Travel (SWT) Scholarship is a highly competitive scholarship funded by the U.S. Department of State. The scholarship offers a unique opportunity to visit and spend up to four months in the United States on the BridgeUSA Summer Work Travel Program. Scholarship recipients demonstrate a willingness and interest ...

  28. Is Armenia Safe for Travel RIGHT NOW? (2024 Safety Rating)

    Generally, Armenia is safe to travel to and Yerevan is really not a dangerous city to be in. However, even though crime rates in Armenia are not through the roof, it is still recommended that you remain vigilant at all times, especially at night. Use common sense if you're going out at night, especially if you plan on drinking because you ...

  29. Venice entry fee: How to pay and what to do if you're staying in the

    Finally, the time has come: it's time for Venice to charge for entry.. From April 25, the floating city will implement the much discussed entry fee for day trippers. The fee has been under ...