10 Best Egypt Tour Operators 2024 [Unbiased & With Reviews]

10 best egypt tour operators 2024.

Are you planning to visit Egypt, but unsure which tour provider to select? Now, you no longer have to waste time searching the internet and filling out dozens of contact forms. Simply fill out ONE form, we’ll send it off to multiple tour providers and they’ll contact YOU! You’ll be able to compare rates and find the lowest cost tour for the most affordable trip abroad.

Get Free Quotes From 10 Best Egypt Tour Operators

Are you thinking about going to Egypt? Would you like to combine an adventurous and learning vacation in Egypt? Are you interested in finding the most affordable, professional, and safest tour operators in Egypt ?

Egypt is home to the ancient Pharaohs with historical temples and tombs, making it a popular world-class tourist attraction. Besides the magnificent and stunning Pyramids, the country has gorgeous beaches, unique desert landscapes, impressive sand dunes, and pristine coral reefs that are waiting for you to enjoy. Also referred to as the cradle of civilization, it has no shortage of adventure, from exploring the Great Nile River to scuba diving in the Red Sea and hiking Mt. Sinai.

While touring Egypt can be a life-changing experience, looking for reliable company can be overwhelming. When you search online, you will discover thousands of companies offering the same packages at different prices.

It can be very daunting and you can easily get fooled by fraud tour operators. Still, how can you trust and be confident of the tour services you’re signing up for? TravellersQuest would like for you to save your money and time.

So, we have done the hard work for you!! We spent thousands of hours researching and analyzing the 10 best Egypt tour companies just for you to travel and have a safe and fabulous vacation abroad.

You can select any of these top 10 Egypt tours with top-notch tour packages. We honestly believe that choosing one of these providers will result in a wonderful tour experience in Egypt.

Table update Dec 22, 2023

Memphis Tours Egypt

Established in 1999, Memphis Tours has earned its reputation as a top-rated Egypt tour company. With a legacy of over 65 years of success, Memphis Tours has set industry standards, offering finely-honed tour itineraries that never fail to delight. Providing private guided tours tailored to individual preferences, the company ensures a unique and memorable experience.

The company’s emphasis on solid planning and super flexibility allows for itineraries to be carefully structured based on the unique needs and desires of each traveler. Memphis Tours guarantees safety and security, with dedicated staff members accompanying travelers throughout tour hours. Excellence in service is a top priority, with personable and knowledgeable guides adding the perfect touch to your expedition.

Memphis Tours’ Best Egypt Tour Packages

Explore the wonders of Egypt with Memphis Tours, where ancient history and modern charm come together. Offering a range of captivating tour packages, Memphis Tours invites you on a journey filled with iconic landmarks, luxurious cruises, and the enchanting beauty of the Nile.

Discover Egypt’s hidden gems in just 12 days with the extraordinary Off the Beaten Track to the Treasures of Egypt tour. Starting and ending in Cairo, you’ll visit the Pyramids of Giza, explore charming destinations like Fayoum and Abydousa, and enjoy a leisurely cruise along the Nile from Luxor to Aswan.

Pyramids & Nile Tour by Air is a 8-day adventure that seamlessly blends history and luxury. Begin in Cairo, you’ll marvel at the Great Pyramids and the Egyptian Museum. Fly to Luxor and enjoy a 5-day Nile cruise, experiencing the magic of ancient temples and the serene beauty of the Nile.

Sail the Nile in luxury aboard the Golden Lady of the Nile, Nebyt Dahabiya , with Ashranda’s most elegant Dahabiyas. This exclusive cruise between Luxor and Aswan spans unique sites like El Batekh Island and El Kab Temple.

Memphis Tours Egypt Reviews

Memphis Tours Egypt is indeed one of the best and most highly rated Egypt tour operators. They got a super high rating with 11,881 reviews, and most of them, 10,904 to be exact, say the experience is “Excellent.” Another 811 reviews say it’s “Very Good.” That’s a lot of happy travelers! In 2023, TripAdvisor awarded them with the “Travelers’ Choice Award.” So, it’s safe to say Memphis tours is a trustworthy and reliable company for your awesome Egypt vacation.

My Luxor tour with Ahmed was incredibly efficient, well organized and well executed. I was pleasantly surprised how safe I felt in both Cairo and Luxor. Thank you Memphis. Marco M

Read all reviews of Memphis Tours on TripAdvisor .

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Rimo Tours

Rimo Tours is the best and a leading travel and transport company in Egypt. The company delivers fast and high-quality services as they have branches in all tourist cities and partnered with five-star hotels around Egypt. At Rimo Tours, they boast over 280 well-trained and qualified employees with extensive experience working alongside international companies. All staff members aim to deliver high-quality services that thoroughly satisfy their clients.

Prioritizing the safety of their clients, Rimo Tours ensures all their vehicles are equipped with a speed limit system. Additionally, their drivers undergo special training courses in driving tourist vehicles, held by the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism. Rimo Tours has also received prestigious awards, including the Traveler Review Award from Booking.com and the TripAdvisor’s Traveler’s Choice Award.

Rimo Tours Best Egypt Tour Packages

Rimo Tours invites you to unravel the wonders of Egypt with their captivating tour packages. From ancient archaeological sites to private night tours and cultural explorations, each journey promises an unforgettable adventure.

Go on a Discover Cairo & Luxor tour with Rimo Tours . You’ll see old and cool things in Cairo and Luxor, like big pyramids and ancient stuff. This trip makes sure you learn a lot about Egypt’s history and have a great time!  The night tour to the Pyramids Of Giza allows you to discover the pyramids and Sphinx under the twinkling stars! If you go at the right time, there’s even a special Sounds & Light Show. It’s like a private adventure at one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

If you’re into quick history lessons, join the “ Half-Day Tour to the Museum of Civilization .” It’s a short trip but packed with 50,000 old things! This new museum in Cairo shows you how Egypt changed from a really long time ago until now. It’s like taking a fast journey through time and history.

Rimo Tours Reviews

Rimo Tours is a top-rated company, known for offering exceptional tour packages in Egypt. With over 3100 reviews from satisfied customers, the company has received several awards and recognition. On TripAdvisor, Rimo Tours has achieved the third position that reflects the company’s popularity. With numerous raving reviews, Rimo Tours stands out as a trusted and well-regarded choice for those seeking memorable and exceptional tour experiences in Egypt.

Very impressed with Rimo Tours and our driver Abanoub Nasr…. I would highly recommend – vehicles were clean and modern. Nikki4552

Read all reviews of Rimo Tours on TripAdvisor .

Egypt Tours Portal

Egypt Tours Portal  is an award-winning tour company based in Egypt. With over 33 years of experience and over 5000 amazing reviews, the company is indeed the first choice for tourists all around the world for an exceptional Egypt tour experience.

The company’s tours are led by skilled staff who are highly qualified and expert to design award-winning itineraries. Besides, they offer a variety of customized Egypt expeditions suitable for individuals, groups, or families. Contact Egypt Tours Portal and enjoy the finest holiday in Egypt.

Egypt Tours Portal Best Egypt Tour Packages

Egypt Tours Portal has various Egypt private tours to select from.

The company’s  4 Days Cairo Tour  is a great chance to witness the diverse and spiritual Cairo attractions. On this tour, you can explore the charming allure of the Coptic and Islamic sights, the great Giza Pyramids, Memphis city, Sphinx, and the extraordinary Salah El Din Citadel.

Join the  5 Days Cairo, Luxor & Abu Simbel Tour  and enjoy unique sightseeing such as the Valley Temple and the great Egyptian Museum. Experience Egypt by taking the  8 Days Cairo and Nile Cruise Tour  and witness the genuine concept of the charm with a professional and fun guide.

Egypt Tours Portal Reviews

Egypt Tours Portal has delivered memorable experiences to thousands of happy clients and is ranked #3 of 665 outdoor tours in Cairo. With a 5-star rating and over 5000 reviews on Trip Advisor, this best Egypt tour company solidifies its position for the best Egypt tour.

Egypt travel portal took care of the minutest things right from immigration and luggage retrieval at airport! Rakesh

Read all reviews of Egypt Tour Portals on TripAdvisor .

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Egypt Tailor Made Tours

Egypt Tailor-Made Tours stands out as a premier tour company in Egypt, led by the expertise of Walid Fathy, a seasoned Egyptologist guide with 25 years of experience. Renowned for crafting tailor-made tours, the company specializes in personalized experiences across Egypt and Jordan.

With a team of professional multilingual guides proficient in English, French, and Arabic, Egypt Tailor Made caters to diverse travelers, be it solo adventurers, families, or groups. The company prioritizes designing itineraries that align with clients’ interests and budgets, ensuring a customized and memorable journey. Moreover, the unwavering commitment to safety and security establishes Egypt Tailor-Made Tours as one of the most reputable and distinguished tour companies in Egypt.

Egypt Tailor Made Tours Best Egypt Tour Packages

Egypt Tailor-Made Tours offers many exciting Egypt tour packages around the country, and you can be sure of a unique and exciting trip.

Take a  Full-Day Tour to the West and East Bank  and visit the attractive Luxor while discovering the tombs of Valley of the Kings in stunning temples with ancient kings. You can also explore the  Grand Egyptian Museum , the world’s largest archaeological museum,  and tour the west district of Giza to see the massive structures of the great pharaohs of the old kingdom. In this famous  God Raa Program , you will see the great civilization of ancient Egypt in Cairo, Alexandria, and Aswan.

Egypt Tailor Made Tours Reviews

Egypt Tailor-Made Tours has been offering top-notch and the most affordable Egypt pyramids tour for last 3 decades, and they were also awarded multiple Certificate of Excellence by Trip Advisor. In addition, the company has garnered over 3500 glowing and raving reviews and is rated 5-stars for excellent customer service.

We did family tour with Egypt tailor made of Cairo, Luxor and Aswan. It was an amazing experience. They made sure every small details was very well planned. Neha K

Read all reviews of Egypt Tailor Made Tours on TripAdvisor .

Deluxe Tours Egypt

Deluxe Tours Egypt

Deluxe Tours Egypt , based in Cairo, is a top-notch local Egyptian tour company that has been making travel dreams come true for 19 years. Run by passionate travel enthusiasts, the team is dedicated to providing an unmatched experience in the historic land of Egypt. Deluxe Tours is all about delivering the best and most professional services that cater to every traveler’s needs. Known for its exceptional customer service and highly recommended for pyramid tours in Egypt, Deluxe Tours is a go-to choice for those seeking a memorable and well-guided exploration of this ancient and fascinating destination.

Deluxe Tours Egypt Best Egypt Tour Packages

Deluxe Tours in Egypt provides a variety of unique tour packages for you to choose from.

Experience the enchantment of Egypt with the Egypt Nile River Cruises , offering small group journeys to breathtaking spots teeming with vibrant corals and colorful fish.

Explore the wonders of Sinai and delve into ancient histories, temples, and architectures with Egypt day tours and excursions .

Make your trip to Egypt even more memorable with Egypt shore excursions , offering sightseeing opportunities in Alexandria, Port Said, Safaga, Sokhna, and many other fascinating locations. At Deluxe Tours, they aim to make your Egyptian adventure truly exceptional and complete.

Deluxe Tours Egypt Reviews

Deluxe Tours stands out as a highly acclaimed and one of the best tour companies in Egypt, earning a spot on our top-rated list with nearly 2445 overwhelmingly positive reviews. The feedback highlights the exceptional satisfaction of past tourists, particularly praising the Egypt pyramids tour and other fantastic expeditions. On Trip Advisor, Deluxe Tours holds an impressive ranking of #6 out of 1481 tours in Cairo, underscoring its reputation for delivering outstanding and memorable travel experiences.

The tour was great and compact experience! Our tour guide Ebrahim Taye new a lot about the history of egypt and he told us the best places/things to see… Camper66455992492

Read all reviews of Deluxe Tours Egypt on TripAdvisor .

Emo Tours Egypt

Emo Tours Egypt

Emo Tours Egypt , established in 2009, is a licensed and registered Egypt tour company, recognized as one of the best in Egypt. Founded by professional tour experts, the company specializes in delivering customized and tailor-made excursions across the country. Emo Tours designs excellent itineraries catering to individuals, families, and groups.

The company offers comprehensive travel-related services, including convenient hotel bookings for a comfortable stay in Egypt. With strong partnerships with other service providers, Emo Tours ensures that when you book with them, you are guaranteed high-quality tours at very affordable costs.

Emo Tours Egypt Best Egypt Tour Packages

Emo Tours Egypt offers a variety of tour packages in Egypt that can be customized to suit your preferences.

Some popular excursions include the ATV Quad Bike Ride to Giza Pyramids , providing a short-term outdoor adventure where you can cruise through the desert to admire the scenic beauty of the Pyramids and other ancient wonders of Egypt.

For a cultural experience, embark on a Day Tour to Aswan from Luxor with an English-speaking Egyptologist guide along the banks of the Nile, uncovering the mysteries of the god of fertility and creator of the world.

The Alexandria Day Tour invites you to explore the New Library of Alexandria, housing over 8 million books, witness an ancient lighthouse—one of the seven wonders of the ancient world—and hear fascinating stories about the last king of Egypt. With Emo Tours Egypt, there’s a diverse range of experiences to make your visit to Egypt truly memorable.

Emo Tours Egypt Reviews

Emo Tours Egypt stands out as one of the best tour companies in Egypt, boasting over 7000 glowing and excellent reviews on Trip Advisor. Impressively, over 99% of the company’s tour reviews describe their experiences as either amazing or outstanding. This overwhelming positive feedback underscores Emo Tours Egypt’s commitment to delivering exceptional and memorable travel experiences, making them a highly regarded choice for those seeking quality tours in Egypt.

A good option to get off the standard Egypt circuit and visit these fantastic pyramids. Both the guide (Reda) and the driver (Mohamed) are wonderful people… PAYF

Read all reviews of Emo Tours Egypt on TripAdvisor .

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Sea Memories

Sea Memories

Sea Memories Hurghada holds this position on our list of the best Egypt tour companies, due to its extensive experience and credibility. Established in 2005, the company specializes in delivering unforgettable and diverse dive excursions in the Red Sea. Their team comprises professional PADI-trained experts equipped with firsthand knowledge and a passion for creating exceptional underwater experiences. When you book an Egypt vacation with Sea Memories Hurghada, you can expect top-notch scuba diving expeditions in Hurghada, complete with excellent modern equipment. This ensures a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to explore the vibrant coral reefs and create lasting memories beneath the waves.

Sea Memories Best Egypt Tour Packages

Sea Memories Hurghada specializes in a variety of Egypt tour packages designed for fun and enjoyment.

For scuba diving enthusiasts, the Hurghada Diving Trips stand out as the best choice in Egypt. These trips provide the opportunity to witness the beauty of underwater marine life, including butterflyfish, giant moray eels, reef sharks, and more.

For those looking to elevate their scuba diving skills, the Professional Scuba Diving Tour in Egypt’s Red Sea is an excellent option. This tour offers the chance to learn from experts while exploring some of the most fascinating dive sites in the world.

The famous El Mina Wreck Hurghada Tour is another exciting option, providing the opportunity to explore fantastic shipwreck sites like Abu Nuhas Reef, Gubal Island, and Salem Express Wreck. With Sea Memories Hurghada, each tour promises a unique and memorable experience for travelers seeking adventure in Egypt.

Sea Memories Reviews

With Sea Memories Hurghada, you are guaranteed the best tour experience in Egypt. With an impressive 1688 reviews on Trip Advisor, this tour company is highly rated for delivering safe diving and exploration trips with fun and friendly instructors. Boasting a 5-star rating, Sea Memories Hurghada holds the remarkable position of being ranked 7 out of 782 tours in Hurghada, underscoring its commitment to excellence and customer satisfaction. Choose Sea Memories Hurghada for an outstanding and top-rated exploration of the wonders beneath the Red Sea.

My son and I had a lovely day scuba diving in the red sea, the transfer from our hotel in an air conditioned mini van arrived on time and was there to take us back to the hotel. Steven L

Read Sea Memories reviews on TripAdvisor .

Penguin Divers Club

Penguin Divers Club

Penguin Dive Center stands out as a leading and award-winning Egypt tour company, founded in 1998 by professional PADI diving and travel experts. The company offers professional courses and excursions for individuals interested in exploring the underwater world through scuba diving.

Catering to both beginners and professionals, Penguin Dive Center is located in Dahab and provides access to Egypt’s 15 protected coral reefs. These reefs are renowned for their diverse marine life, including hundreds of fish species, sea creatures, and intriguing shipwrecks. The guides at Penguin Dive Center are multilingual, offering services in English, Spanish, and Arabic, ensuring a welcoming and inclusive experience for all divers.

Penguin Divers Club Best Egypt Tour Packages

Embark on an exhilarating and immersive diving adventure in the Red Sea with the luxurious tour packages offered by Penguin Dive Center.

For the younger enthusiasts, the Bubblemaker Program provides a scuba diving tour designed for children under eight years, offering a unique experience with direct supervision from a PADI professional in shallow waters about 2 meters deep.

For those seeking their first scuba certification, the Open Water Diver adventure tour is the perfect choice, guided by a professional PADI Instructor to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience.

To advance your diving skills, consider joining the Advanced Open Water Diver course. This course allows you to earn PADI credits while exploring and enhancing your capabilities in the mesmerizing underwater world of the Red Sea. Dive into luxury and discovery with Penguin Dive Center’s exceptional tour offerings.

Penguin Divers Club Reviews

Penguin Dive Center stands out as one of the best tour companies in Egypt, earning high ratings and trust for its exceptional water activities. Numerous online reviews attest to the company’s outstanding customer service and rigorous safety measures. With an impressive 5-star rating on Trip Advisor, Penguin Dive Center has garnered over 1000 positive reviews, reflecting the satisfaction and approval of its clientele. Choose Penguin Dive Center for a reliable and top-notch experience in water activities, where customer safety and enjoyment take precedence.

Everything was amazing. I loved it. They were very friendly and professional. The view was peaceful. Menna Mohamed

Read all reviews of Penguin Divers on TripAdvisor .

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Big Blue Dahab

Big Blue Dahab

Established in 2005, Big Blue Dahab is an award-winning and respected local Egypt tour operator situated in Dahab. Founded by passionate divers, the company is dedicated to providing enjoyable and educational trips in Egypt. With a focus on safety, Big Blue Dahab boasts top-notch modern equipment and instructors who adhere to the highest industry standards. Don’t hesitate to book a memorable excursion with Big Blue Dahab for an experience that combines fun, education, and safety.

Big Blue Dahab Best Egypt Tour Packages

Big Blue Dahab provides exciting Egypt tour packages, offering a variety of tours to suit your interests and needs.

Embark on an exploration of Mount Sinai and St. Catherine’s Monastery , a historical site where Moses received the Ten Commandments and witnessed the Burning Bush. This tour holds significance as a famous pilgrimage, allowing you to delve into the rich history of the region.

For those seeking adventure, the Quad Safari is a thrilling option. Discover the charms of Dahab as you navigate through beautiful desert landscapes and along the seashore, providing a unique and exhilarating experience.

Additionally, Big Blue Dahab offers Daily Guided Dives supervised by a PADI instructor, providing enthusiasts with the opportunity to explore the underwater wonders of the region with safety and expertise. Choose Big Blue Dahab for an array of tours that cater to various interests, ensuring a memorable and personalized experience in Egypt.

Big Blue Dahab Reviews

Big Blue Dahab, renowned as one of the best Egypt tour companies, holds an impressive rank at number 2 out of 112 outdoor tours in Dahab. Widely acclaimed for its exceptional customer service, the company boasts a stellar 5-star rating on Trip Advisor, backed by an outstanding 1450 reviews. This remarkable recognition underscores the company’s commitment to providing top-notch experiences, earning the trust and satisfaction of its past clients. With Big Blue Dahab, you can expect excellence and a 5-star-rated adventure in Egypt.

Very professional and friendly staff guiding me to the best diving spots in the Dahab area. I have dived with Big Blue several times over the last 13 years and will return again. Paul W

Read all reviews of Big Blue Dahab on TripAdvisor .

Egypt Tour Guide

Egypt Tour Guide

Egypt Tour Guide stands out as one of the premier Egypt tour companies. Established and operated by a team of dedicated professional, the company aims to offer the best of Egypt at the most affordable and convenient way. Their guides are government licensed, equipped with a Bachelor’s degree in Egyptian History & Archaeology and possess extensive tour-handling experience. Their commitment lies in arranging and customizing diverse tours across all of Egypt, ensuring they align seamlessly with your unique needs and interests. Trust Egypt Tour Guide for a personalized and enriching exploration of Egypt’s rich history, culture, and natural wonders.

Egypt Tour Guide Best Egypt Tour Packages

Embark on a captivating exploration with Egypt Tour Guide’s Best Egypt Tour Packages:

Discover the wonders of the Civilization Museum, Giza Pyramids, Sphinx, Abu Simbel, Luxor Temple, Karnak Temple, and more in the “ Egypt Highlight 7 Days ” package. For a more extensive experience, the “ Best of Egypt 10 Days ” takes you on a journey through Cairo, Giza, Luxor, Aswan, Abu Simbel, and Hurghada.

If you’re short on time, the “ Egypt Quick Break 4 Days ” offers a swift yet enriching tour covering Cairo and Luxor. Trust Egypt Tour Guide to tailor these packages to ensure an unforgettable and personalized exploration of Egypt’s cultural and historical treasures.

Egypt Tour Guide Reviews

Egypt Tour Guide proudly boasts nearly 1000 reviews, earning the remarkable position of #10 out of 1,480 Tours & Activities in Cairo. This outstanding achievement has been recognized with the prestigious Travelers’ Choice award by TripAdvisor in the year 2023. With a consistent 5-star rating, their commitment to delivering exceptional tours and experiences in Egypt is reflected in the positive feedback from their valued travelers.

As my first time in Egypt, Mina made the experience so much easier and comfortable for my group of girlfriends. He is very knowledgeable and professional. Farah L

Read all reviews of Egypt Tour Guide on TripAdvisor .

The cost of a trip to Egypt can vary widely based on factors such as the duration of your stay, the type of accommodation, activities, and personal spending preferences. On average, a mid-range budget for a week-long trip could range from $800 to $1,500 per person, excluding international airfare.

The best time to visit Egypt is during the fall (September to November) and spring (March to May) when the weather is moderate, and tourist sites are less crowded. The winter months (December to February) are also popular, while the summer months (June to August) can be extremely hot.

In general, Egypt is considered a relatively inexpensive destination for holidays, offering affordable options for accommodations, meals, and local transportation.

Yes, most travelers need a visa to enter Egypt. Visitors can obtain a visa upon arrival at Egyptian airports or apply for an e-visa before traveling. Requirements and processes may vary, so it’s advisable to check with the Egyptian embassy or consulate in your country for the most up-to-date Egypt visa information before your trip.

Nomadic Matt: Travel Cheaper, Longer, Better

The Best Tour Companies in Egypt

The Pyramids of Giza in Egypt

Egypt is a country that tops the bucket-list country for many travelers. It’s a country filled with incredible relics of ancient history , from the Pyramids and Great Sphinx of Giza, and offers tons of incredible activities for travelers of all walks of life. Floating down the Nile River on a traditional felucca, exploring the tombs of Tutankhamen and other pharaohs in the Valley of the Kings, snorkeling and diving in the coral fantasyland of the Red Sea — there’s just so many amazing parts of Egypt to amaze and enthrall you.

These days, Egypt is a destination many travelers shy away from. Given that there have been some terrorist attacks targeting tourists over the last couple of decades and that people are still wary of the changes in government since the Arab Spring, those concerns are understandable.

However, since 2017, tourism numbers have begun to increase again. In fact, they are growing so fast they might hit an all-time record in 2019 or 2020.

Things have been changing for the better in Egypt and it’s now a safe country to visit for the intrepid traveler. That means it’s time to start planning your dream trip to this diverse and historic country.

While I am a huge fan of solo travel , distances between the most popular sights in Egypt are pretty far. You can expect to spend a full day or night traveling by road or rail between Cairo and Luxor, for example, so joining an organized tour can help you make the most of your time.

And it can also save you some money, too!

Tours in Egypt often work out to be cheaper than trying to put together your own trip as some will include domestic airfare for prices cheaper than you’ll be able to get on your own.

Taking a tour with a reputable company also ensures that you’ll have safe detours with someone who really knows the lay of the land and will keep you informed of any risks. Knowledgeable tour guides also make for a more interesting trip — which is why tours in Egypt are so popular.

Here is a list of the best tour companies in Egypt, offering everything from day trips around Cairo to multiday tours around the country:

1. Intrepid

Intrepid is one of my favorite tour companies in the world.

I’ve been on a handful of their tours over the years to destinations all around the world and have yet to be disappointed. Their local guides provide invaluable insight and they are dedicated to making environmentally friendly choices too.

And the company just hires really awesome people too.

In Egypt, Intrepid has tours that range between eight and fifteen days. To be able to see enough in just eight days, they fly you between Cairo and the south, so the cheaper trip is actually the 15-day one, which uses a mix of bus, boat, and train travel, starting around $1,200 USD. Intrepid also has some specialized offerings, with a nine-day trip for travelers aged 18–29, trips especially for families, and also one just for solo travelers.

If you’re keen to explore beyond Egypt, Intrepid also offers a range of longer tours that take in Jordan , Israel , and Palestine as well.

As a reader of this site, you also get access to deals and sales so click on over to their site and see what tours are on sale now!

2. Memphis Tours

One of the first tour companies in Egypt, Memphis Tours has been around since 1955. It offers a huge variety of tours – from half- or full-day tours in Cairo or Alexandria to snorkeling or camel-riding trips out of resort destinations like Sharm el-Sheikh, ranging between $35 and $90 USD per person.

They also offer a selection of cruises both on the Nile and on Lake Nasser. The popular Luxor-to-Aswan trip along the Nile can be made in a variety of pretty luxurious ships; prices are around $500 USD per person for a four-day trip.

Memphis Tours also offer fully organized multi-day trips that last between 3–15 days. Many of these take in the key sights, like the Pyramids, a Nile cruise, and the Luxor and Karnak Temples, and typically fly you back to Cairo. The costs vary depending on the extra activities involved but are pretty reasonable: small group tours covering the main sights from Cairo to Luxor start at $1,100 USD. They also offer some specialized tours, such as one specifically designed to accommodate wheelchair users.

3. Look at Egypt Tours

Look at Egypt Tours is another local company that offers both day and multiday tours. It specializes in having knowledgeable guides that make the history of Egypt really come alive, giving incredible insight into modern-day Egyptian life as well.

The company also has a sense of social responsibility too, using locally owned restaurants and hotels on all trips and hiring guides from communities throughout the country.

Look at Egypt Tours runs a variety of day trips out of the main centers, including Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, and Sharm el-Sheikh, ranging in cost between $50 and $150 USD per person, depending on the destination and the group size.

Multi-day tours include lots of options too; these last around 8–10 days and cost between $1,500 and $2,000 USD. There are also some specialized trips, like a two-week archaeological tour, the perfect choice for any history buffs (or Indiana Jones fans!).

4. On the Go Tours

On the Go Tours has been running tours to a variety of countries for a couple of decades now, but it all started in Egypt, where the two founders met. The company focuses on sustainable travel and supports local communities, and it hires local guides who have studied Egyptology at a college level as well.

In Egypt, they run several great-value group tours, like an eight-day trip from Cairo to Luxor for $400 USD, which includes the Pyramids of Giza, the incredible Egyptian Museum in Cairo, the temples at Luxor, a two-night felucca cruise on the Nile, a visit to the Valley of the Kings, and more. Accommodations are more budget-oriented than many other tour companies, making this a great option for backpackers.

If your timing and budget are more flexible, you might also take a look at some of On the Go’s festival tours, timed to celebrations like the Abu Simbel Sun Festival or the King Ramses Sun Festival. These tours are typically around ten days long and range between $1,600 and $2,800 USD per person, depending on whether they include internal flights.

5. Jakada Tours Egypt

Jakada Tours is a smaller company that offers private tours as well as group trips with a focus on budget mid-range travel.

Trips covering many of Egypt’s highlights and lasting between seven and ten days range from $600 to $1,000 USD. If you’re on your second trip to Egypt or have some extra time, Jakada also offers a range of more unusual tours, like spending time at the Cairo camel market!

The company also makes sure its guides are really knowledgeable, not just about ancient history but modern Egyptian culture too, as well as all the best local tips and tricks to help you make the most out of your stay.

6. Exodus Travels

Exodus offers trips worldwide and has a reputable social conscience; they aim to give back to the local communities they are a part of. In Egypt, they support Animal Care in Egypt (ACE), and its tours often include an option to visit the charity’s facility.

Exodus offers a nine-day Nile cruise from Luxor, which is a good compromise between luxury and price (around $1,400 USD per person, all-inclusive), with a maximum of 20 passengers. The company also has a longer trip that takes in key sights like the Valley of the Kings as well as Alexandria; this two-week tour starts at $2,000 USD.

7. Beyond the Nile Tours

Beyond the Nile Tours is another Egypt-based tour company using local, highly educated guides with lots of historical and cultural knowledge. It offers three tours, ranging between eight days and two weeks in length; on all of them, you can be flexible with your budget, as some activities, like a balloon ride over the Pyramids ($100 USD), are optional.

All these tours kick off in Cairo with a full day exploring what we all dream of seeing — the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphnix — along with the Egyptian Museum to put the history into context. Then you’re flown down to Luxor and cruise from there to the Valley of the Kings, among other places. On the longer trips, you can choose to travel back north more slowly, or you can include several days relaxing at a Red Sea resort. Tour prices range from $1,200 to $1,400 USD per person, with some additional costs for extra activities.

As much as I love solo travel , planning a trip to Egypt is much easier with a tour company. While you probably know that you want to see the Pyramids, the Nile, and other historical sites, getting around is not that easy to organize in advance, so it’s good to have the local knowledge of Egyptian guides to make sure you’re both safe and getting the most out of your trip.

So whether you’re after a short tour hitting the highlights of Egypt in a week or have more time to explore the country a little more slowly or even spend some time relaxing at the Red Sea, you’ll find a tour company to help you out.

Book Your Trip: Logistical Tips and Tricks

Book Your Flight Use Skyscanner or Momondo to find a cheap flight. They are my two favorite search engines because they search websites and airlines around the globe so you always know no stone is left unturned. Start with Skyscanner first though because they have the biggest reach!

Book Your Accommodation You can book your hostel with Hostelworld as they have the biggest inventory and best deals. If you want to stay somewhere other than a hostel, use Booking.com as they consistently return the cheapest rates for guesthouses and cheap hotels.

Don’t Forget Travel Insurance Travel insurance will protect you against illness, injury, theft, and cancellations. It’s comprehensive protection in case anything goes wrong. I never go on a trip without it as I’ve had to use it many times in the past. My favorite companies that offer the best service and value are:

  • Safety Wing (for everyone below 70)
  • Insure My Trip (for those over 70)
  • Medjet (for additional repatriation coverage)

Looking for the Best Companies to Save Money With? Check out my resource page for the best companies to use when you travel. I list all the ones I use to save money when I’m on the road. They will save you money when you travel too.

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Best Tour Operators in Egypt

Egypt, the cradle of civilization, is a treasure trove of ancient history, stunning landscapes, and vibrant culture. From the awe-inspiring pyramids to the mesmerizing Nile River, the country offers plenty of unforgettable experiences. But with so many tour operators, including renowned tour companies like Memphis Tours and Emo Tours, promising the trip of a lifetime, how do you choose the right one?

In this article, we’ll guide you through the top 10 tour operators in Egypt, each offering unique travel experiences. Our selection is based on a variety of factors including customer reviews, variety of the tours provided, customization options, response rate, value for money and overall service quality. Whether you’re an adventure seeker, a history buff, or a beach lover, our guide will help you find the perfect tour operator to make your Egyptian journey truly memorable.

1 Memphis Tours

best egypt tour operators

Memphis Tours has been one of Egypt’s leading tour operators since 1955 and specializes in tailored trips across Africa and the Middle East. This is one of Egypt’s biggest tour companies, offering around 150 tours in Egypt. With a variety of tours to fit all budgets, they offer everything from classic tours of the Pyramids and the Egyptian Museum to luxurious Nile Cruises, and trips to the ancient cities of Luxor and Aswan.

In our study, Memphis Tours emerged as the best tour company in Egypt in almost all assessment criteria. They exceed expectations in safety measures and customer service. Their staff are friendly, responsive, and patient. They also have a secure online payment system which is not a very common feature among tour companies in Egypt. Their focus on providing an excellent experience from the initial booking stage until they see you off at the airport contributes to their unmatched performance in our study. Everything is meticulously planned and they remain organized even during peak season.

Memphis Tours is one of Egypt's best tour operators ensuring guests are having an excellent experience at the pyramids of Giza and riding camels.

Memphis Tours has set a very high standard in the tourism industry. They are the benchmark that other tour companies in Egypt are compared to. Despite being one of Egypt’s biggest tour operators, their commitment to personalised service is incredible. They excel in all aspects – efficiency, friendliness, organization, value for money, and most importantly, in ensuring a hassle-free and smooth experience for their clients.

Their brilliant performance across all assessment criteria underscores their dedication to customer satisfaction. They will bend backwards to make their guests happy. Their exceptional service truly makes every traveller feel valued and cared for. In our opinion, this is what essentially sets Memphis Tours apart in Egypt’s ferociously competitive tourism industry.

2 Real Egypt

best egypt tour operators

Just behind Memphis Tours is Real Egypt coming in at a very close second. As one of the top tour companies, Real Egypt offers a unique, personalized experience. Their private and group tours are flexible, adjusting to clients’ specific interests. This level of customization ensures guests have the best possible experience.

Their highly-trained, multilingual guides bring a wealth of knowledge to each tour. Their guides seem genuinely interested in everything they talk about. It never feels like they are reciting something from memory. They are not fake. They are genuine and passionate. It is a breath of fresh air to experience tour guides as fascinated by Egypt as the tourists themselves. They are also caring. They will go out of their way to answer any questions and make sure their guests are happy. We would go as far as saying that Real Egypt boasts the best tour guides in the country.

The brilliant tour guides of Real Egypt are matched by none of the tour companies in Egypt

Our assessment also revealed that, unlike many tour companies, Real Egypt allows ample time for visitors to enjoy each location. They won’t rush their guests unless it is absolutely necessary, and only when it is in the guests’ interest. These small considerate traits separate average tour companies from the absolute best. It comes as no surprise that they’ve received thousands of positive reviews.

Real Egypt offers three types of tours: scheduled tours, personalized tours, and private tours. Their tours cover various areas, from the Nile Valley to the Red Sea, catering to a wide range of interests.

With a reputation for service quality and professionalism that rivals the best tour operators in Egypt, including Memphis Tours, Real Egypt is a top choice for travellers seeking an unforgettable Egyptian adventure.

3 Jakada Tours

best egypt tour operators

Jakada Tours is another brilliant tour company in Egypt offering high-quality and affordable tours. They provide a wide range of travel packages to cater to various interests. Known for their budget tours, they also arrange excellent luxury tours, much like the renowned Memphis Tours.

Their tours cover most of Egypt’s top destinations. Clients can inquire on their official website for a customized holiday. With tailor-made trips, Jakada designs a fully tailored itinerary to meet clients’ requirements and budgets.

guests from all over the world enjoy posing in front of Egypt's ancient wonders

Their staff works 24/7 to respond to any queries and concerns, ensuring clients have a pleasant experience. Jakada offers various trip packages, day tours, Nile cruises, and shore excursions, catering to every budget.

Customer reviews highlight Jakada’s well-designed and organized trips. Their guides, known for their deep knowledge of Egypt’s history and friendly demeanour, are often praised. All tours include sightseeing, tickets, transportation, hand-picked accommodation, experienced tour guides, and 24-hour emergency support from local teams. With their well-designed tours and experienced guides, Jakada Tours has earned its place among the best tour companies in Egypt, offering travellers an unforgettable journey.

4 Exodus Travel

best egypt tour operators

Exodus Travel, established in 2002, has grown to become a leading tour operator in Egypt, offering a variety of trips that cater to diverse traveller preferences. Their offerings, which include tours of Egypt’s ancient wonders, Nile cruises, Red Sea tours, and desert safaris, have made them a popular choice among the best tour companies in Egypt.

Having served over 50,000 tourists, Exodus has earned excellent reviews for their service, rivalling even the top-rated Memphis Tours. They offer tailor-made packages, customizing tours to clients’ preferences and budgets. This client-first approach sets them apart from the sea of tour operators that put profit margin above customer experience.

best egypt tour operators

Exodus guarantees the best rates for all packages, promising to match the price if a client finds the same tour with the same dates, facilities, accommodation level, and services for a lower price elsewhere.

Their long-term partnerships with EgyptAir, Marriot, Conrad, Hilton, and more, along with their 24/7 customer support via chat, e-mail, WhatsApp, or phone, reflect their commitment to quality service. With Exodus Travel, your Egyptian adventure is in expert hands, making them a top choice among the best tour operators in Egypt.

5 Spring Tours

best egypt tour operators

Established in 1975, Spring Tours is a leading name among the best tour companies in Egypt. Consistently rated among the top 10 tour operators in Egypt, they have received numerous awards of excellence from the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism.

Spring Tours has a team of multilingual and highly qualified staff. They have played a transformative role in Egyptian tourism. They are behind the first charter flight to Hurghada and they are the creators of the renowned “Giftun” Tourist Village.

In 1989, they embarked on a journey to enhance the Nile cruise experience by building 5-star Nile cruise ships. Today, they operate six such ships, offering meticulously planned itineraries and serving delicious Egyptian dishes.

best egypt tour operators

Spring Tours offers a diverse range of travel packages: from city breaks and classic tours to Red Sea beach breaks, Nile Cruises, and Coptic/Islamic culture tours. They own a fleet of 100+ air-conditioned vehicles, updated annually to ensure safety and comfort.

Their rates fall within the normal range. They maximize value for money to a degree we do not see from other tour operators in Egypt. Their service quality, organization, prices, pioneering role in developing the Nile cruise experience, and contributions to Egypt’s tourism industry are remarkable. They could easily compete for the title of Egypt’s best tour operator in the future but for now, they can be proud of being Egypt’s most innovative and historically important tour company.

6 Look At Egypt Tours

best egypt tour operators

Established in 2006, Look at Egypt Tours is a boutique tour operator that has carved a niche for itself among the best tour companies in Egypt. With a reputation that extends both locally and internationally, they offer a wide array of tours that cater to diverse interests. These include cultural, adventure, historical tours, and special private group tours. Their offerings also extend to various day tours and Nile cruises, including the unique Dahabiya Nile and Lake Nasser cruises.

What sets Look at Egypt Tours apart from other top tour operators in Egypt is their unwavering commitment to client satisfaction. They offer tailor-made packages, ensuring each tour aligns seamlessly with the client’s preferences and budget. Their team, known for their attention and dedication, works tirelessly to respond to any queries and concerns.

best egypt tour operators

Having served thousands of clients worldwide, Look at Egypt Tours has earned excellent feedback for their service quality and meticulous planning. They ensure safety and security by staying updated on events that might affect their tours, a feature that top tour operators such as Memphis Tours are renowned for.

Their official website accepts online payments in all currencies, providing a fast, easy, and secure transaction process. Choose Look at Egypt Tours for a memorable Egyptian holiday that is tailored to your preferences and offers excellent value for money.

7 Cleopatra Tours

best egypt tour operators

Operated by qualified Egyptologists with over 15 years of experience, Cleopatra Tours stands out as one of the best tour companies in Egypt, offering high-quality service and unparalleled customer satisfaction. Their excellence is recognized by TripAdvisor and is reflected in their selection of top-notch, multilingual tour guides.

Cleopatra Tours offers a wide range of tours and packages to suit all needs and budgets, covering not only Egypt’s most popular attractions but also its hidden gems. Their unique offerings include spiritual tours, safari tours, and Nile cruises, providing an array of experiences that rival even the best, like Memphis Tours.

best egypt tour operators

Our study revealed that Cleopatra Tours can adapt with ease to cater to unique client needs. Whether it’s personal modifications for solo female travellers, honeymoon couples, or individuals with disabilities, Cleopatra Tours can make it happen. They also provide competitive rates and are willing to match cheaper offers found elsewhere.

A special feature of their day tours is the ‘pay at the end’ policy, ensuring complete satisfaction before any payment is made. For custom tours, clients can submit an online form and expect a response within 24 hours, showcasing their commitment to prompt service.

8 Your Egypt Tours

best egypt tour operators

Established in 2001 in Luxor, Your Egypt Tours has carved a niche for itself among the top tour companies in Egypt, serving over 10,000 satisfied travellers worldwide. They offer a wide array of tour packages, day tours, shore excursions, and more.

Their diverse tours around Egypt can be tailored to individual preferences, budgets, and time frames, making them a highly adaptable choice among the best tour operators in Egypt. Their Nile cruise trips are highly regarded, often drawing comparisons with the likes of Memphis Tours.

Your Egypt Tours provides competitive prices and various packages to suit all budgets. Past clients affirm that the value they receive far exceeds the cost, a testament to their commitment to providing excellent value for money. To ensure customer safety, their emergency phone line is available 24 hours a day, and their guides and drivers are fully licensed, trained, and experienced.

best egypt tour operators

Customers consistently praise the seamless process with Your Egypt Tours, from the initial inquiry to the provision of detailed itineraries and tour notes. The company’s high response rate ensures prompt replies to all queries and concerns, reflecting their dedication to customer service.

Your Egypt Tours offers great flexibility in trip organization and fully tailor-made holiday packages. They ensure everything is tailored to guests’ exact needs and tastes, tweaking and adapting until it feels just right.

9 iEgypt Travels

best egypt tour operators

Founded by three Egyptians passionate about offering tourists an authentic local experience, iEgypt Travels has emerged as a well-known tour operator among the top tour companies in Egypt. They have earned a reputation for delivering unforgettable trips, a fact that is evidenced by their excellent reviews and testimonials.

iEgypt Travels offers a variety of comprehensive tours to some of Egypt’s best locations, including Cairo, Fayoum, Siwa Oasis, and the White Desert. Their focus on a select number of comprehensive tours ensures a perfect experience for their customers, rivalling even the best, like Memphis Tours.

best egypt tour operators

What sets iEgypt Travels apart from other top tour operators in Egypt is their commitment to fulfilling the unique wishes of their travellers. Whether you’re looking for Instagram-worthy photo opportunities or an archaeological adventure, iEgypt Travels can create a customized tour just for you according to what you want.

Their excellent customer service, responsive staff, and knowledgeable tour guides ensure a seamless travel experience. While their prices may be slightly higher than average, the attention to detail and personalized service justify the cost. If you are looking for authenticity and something a little different from your typical Egyptian holiday, iEgypt is an excellent choice.

10 Lady Egypt Tours

best egypt tour operators

Established in 2004, Lady Egypt Tours is a boutique tour company that has made its mark among the best tour companies in Egypt. Owned and managed by an Egyptian-Australian couple with over 50 years of combined experience, they have served over 20,000 satisfied travellers and earned over 2000 5-star reviews, matching up to the top-rated Memphis Tours.

Their brilliant team of representatives and guides, along with partnerships with leading brands like Four Seasons, Sonesta, and EgyptAir, provide guests with a wide range of options. They can cater to small groups, offer private tours, and provide day trips to various spots around Egypt.

best egypt tour operators

Lady Egypt Tours is all about client satisfaction. They craft ideal getaways for all tastes and preferences, from Nile cruises and sea excursions to spiritual getaways and desert adventures. Their client-first approach ensures all travel requests are considered, making them a top choice among the best tour operators in Egypt.

From arrival to departure, guests can enjoy airport assistance, private transportation, accommodation, and some of Egypt’s best tour guides. Their high response rate guarantees customers will receive their offer/quote within 24 hours of submission.

We hope this guide has provided you with valuable insights into the best tour companies in Egypt. Whether you’re planning a trip to Cairo or a cruise down the Nile, choosing the right tour company can enhance your experience.

We invite you to share your thoughts and experiences with these tour operators in the comments section below. Or if you prefer to reach out to us directly, you can contact us here , and we would be delighted to hear from you.


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Group of travellers marvel at the pyramids in Cairo

Awesome ancient wonders, endless golden sands and atmospheric local souqs make Egypt the ultimate travel destination.

You’ve got to see it to believe it in Egypt – the chaos of Cairo (seriously, this city never stops); the bustling bazaars; the imposing glory of the Pyramids of Giza, and the world’s most famous lion with a human head (the iconic Sphinx).Only in Egypt can you sail into the sunset on a felucca cruise along the Nile, marvel at the world's most spectacular temple complexes, wander through Luxor’s Valley of the Kings, and then float facing towards the sky in the glittering expanse of the Red Sea. Take a moment as time stands still in Egypt.

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Egypt at a glance

Capital city.

Cairo (population 9.4 million)

107.5 million

Egyptian pound (EGP)

(GMT+02:00) Cairo



Type C (European 2-pin)

Learn more about Egypt

Best time to visit egypt.

Egypt is blessed with lots of sunshine and very little rain. Generally, the hottest months are June to August, and the coolest month is January. Rainfall is negligible, except on the coast, with rain usually occurring during the winter months (December to March).

During the summer months (from June to August), daily temperatures can reach over 100 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius) - perfect for snorkeling and soaking up the sun on the beaches of Sinai, but can prove challenging for some in the crowded streets and souqs of Cairo.

Choose to escape the crowds by traveling from March to May or September to November when the weather is milder, and there's the opportunity to experience Egypt during Ramadan and the celebrations of Eid (which marks the breaking of the fast). If you are planning to travel during Ramadan, it's important to consider that many restaurants and shops will either be closed or operating at reduced hours.

Read more about the best time to visit Egypt

Culture and customs

Life in Egypt has been in a state of flux since the 2011 revolution. Many of the issues that motivated so many to take to the streets in protest continue to be points of contention, but Egyptians remain hopeful, relying on religion, family and humor to get them through, like they have for thousands of years. A strong sense of community binds people across the country. Families and communities support each other and there is a prevailing sense that everyone is in it together. For all these reasons, most express great pride in being Egyptian, despite their nation’s recent turmoil.

As a largely Muslim country (about 90% of the population is Muslim while most of the remaining 10% identify as Coptic Christian), Islam permeates daily activities. Life revolves around the five daily prayers and everything is closed on Friday, the Muslim holy day. A wide array of cultural norms, including how people dress and interact with the opposite sex, are influenced by religion. Women are largely defined by their role as a mother and matron of the house, whereas men are expected to be the provider.

Many Egyptians consider their country the gateway between the West and the rest of the Arab world, and take pride in their ability to mix tradition with modern influences. This mixing is most apparent in major cities, such as Cairo and Alexandria, where American fast-food chains can be found next to traditional cafes, secular attitudes are more common, and pop music rings through city streets.

Food and drink

With fragrant spices, fresh fruit and vegetables, and delicious sweets on offer, culinary adventures in Egypt are guaranteed. On many Intrepid trips you'll be given the opportunity to dine with a local family – this offers a great chance to see how meals are prepared and learn more about the ingredients.

Things to try in Egypt

1. Hamam mahshi

A north African delicacy, hamam – roasted pigeon stuffed with cracked wheat and rice – can be found on the menu of most traditional Egyptian restaurants. You may need a few to fill up though, as they don’t contain a lot of meat. And be careful of all the tiny bones.

2. Ta'ameya (falafel)

Crunchy on the outside, and moist on the inside, these deep-fried balls of spiced fava beans are a Middle Eastern vegetarian staple. Usually served in a pita with salad, pickles, and sesame-based tahina - buy it at a street stall for a quick, cheap meal.

Shops specializing in this popular ‘poor man’s dish’ can be found throughout Cairo. A hearty mix of rice, macaroni and lentils, chickpeas, and fried onions, koshary is topped with a tomato-vinegar sauce.

4. Ful medames

Don't leave Egypt without trying the classic dish of ful medames, which can be traced back to pharaonic times. Consisting of slow-cooked fava beans, served with olive oil, parsley, garlic, and lemon juice - add some spice by seasoning with chili paste and eat with bread.

5. Pastries

Delicious, sweet pastries are found in restaurants, markets, and cafes in Egypt. Never was there a better time to live by the adage ‘Life is short, eat dessert first’.

Egypt is a mostly Muslim country, and any consumption of alcohol here is relatively low-key. There are many fantastic alternatives. Juice stands are common on main streets offering freshly squeezed banana, guava, or mango juice. Karkadai is a chilled, crimson drink brewed from hibiscus leaves (served hot in the winter). And tea (or shai) is the beverage of choice for most Egyptians, which is sipped throughout the day and with meals.

Read more about what to eat in Egypt

Read more about what to drink in Egypt

Geography and environment

Located in the northeast corner of Africa, Egypt shares its borders with Israel and the Palestinian Territories, Libya, and Sudan, as well as the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the east. The two seas are connected by the man-made Suez Canal.

The remote triangle-shaped peninsula is largely characterized by limestone and desert, but also has a vibrant coral reef along the Red Sea coastline. Hot, dry desert covers most of the country’s terrain, with the Western Desert occupying much of the west, and the Arabian (or Eastern) Desert stretching the length of the eastern coast. These two regions are dissected by the Nile River, which runs the length of the country, emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile Valley, a narrow fertile band extending from the river, is the country’s only fertile land and where 98% of the population lives.

History and government

Recent history.

Napoleon Bonaparte, the infamous pint-sized French leader, invaded Egypt in 1798, seeking to set up a French colony. However, not long after, the French were repelled, and Egypt became a part of the Ottoman Empire once again.

From 1882, the British Army occupied Egypt to protect the Suez Canal. Muhammad Ali officially ruled from the early 1800s, and his family and successors continued to rule for decades (alongside and during British occupation) until overthrown by a military coup in 1952.

During World War II, Egypt became a crucial element in Britain's defense. The Italian Army tried to advance into Egypt in 1940 but was stopped by the British Army at Mersa Matruh. Egypt continued to serve as a vital base for British troops during World War II and despite the disruption, Egypt's shopkeepers and retail trade benefitted from the thousands of Allied troops staying in Egypt.

In 1953, Egypt was officially declared a republic, and a year later, Colonel Nasser was declared Prime Minister, then President. In 1979, after decades of confrontation with neighboring Israel, the historic Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty was signed. This agreement made Egypt the first Arab country to officially recognize Israel as a country - a significant step in the peace process. More recently, in February 2011, large-scale protests and mass demonstrations resulted in the removal of President Mubarak after decades of autocratic rule.

Early history

Ancient Egypt has been the focus of much fascination, investigation, speculation, and intrigue. It's hard to escape the education system without having studied Ancient Egypt in some way. Drawn in by the mighty pyramids, mysterious hieroglyphics, distinct burial rituals and animal-headed gods - scholars, students, historians, and travelers are all amazed by this civilization which has endured cycles of dynastic rule, invasion, and natural disasters.

Through key archaeological finds, historians have been able to unravel some of the mysteries of this great land. What is known is that the daily life of the average Egyptian usually involved working in agriculture with the waters of the Nile providing fertile ground for planting crops. Egyptians usually lived in modest homes with children and domestic pets. Professions were usually inherited - so if your father was a farmer, then so were you.

While most Egyptians led simple lives, dynasties of Pharaohs led lavish lifestyles, with the most well-known being Ramses II, Hatshepsut, Akhenaten, Tutankhamun, and Cleopatra. Huge monuments, imposing pyramids, golden artifacts, and detailed paintings all hold details about pharaonic rule and succession, as well as commonly held beliefs about religion and the afterlife.

Spanning centuries and full of drama worthy of a soap opera, the epic history of Ancient Egypt is complex and we suggest you read about it before visiting.

Top places to visit in Egypt

1. nile river.

Sail down the mighty Nile River on a traditional Egyptian felucca.

Trip: Egypt Experience

Trip: Explore Egypt & Jordan

Dive into the warm, glittering waters of the Red Sea on a snorkeling adventure in Hurghada.

Trip: Jordan & Egypt Express

Trip: Explore Egypt

Trip: Egypt Family Holiday

3. Alexandria

Discover the historic wonders of Alexandria, an ancient port city that locals call the Bride of the Mediterranean Sea.

Trip: Jordan & Egypt Uncovered

Experience the bustling energy of Cairo and shop for souvenirs at Cairo's Khan al-Khalili bazaar.

Trip: Egypt Adventure

5. Mt Sinai

Hike to the summit of Mt Sinai, which many believe is where Moses received the ten commandments.

Trip: Discover Egypt & Jordan

Explore the impressive chapels, pylons and obelisks of Karnak Temple.

Trip: Egypt, Jordan, Isreal & the Palestinian Territories

7. Abu Simbel

These massive monuments dedicated to Ramses II and Queen Nefertari are seriously impressive.

8. Valley of the Kings

King Tut’s treasures may be long gone, but his hieroglyphic-covered tomb remains an incredible sight to see.

Trip: Essential Egypt

Trip: Epic Egypt, Jordan & Isreal & the Palestinian Territories

Trip: Real Egypt & Jordan

Top 10 ancient wonders of Egypt

1. grand designs.

The original grand design - monumental and magnificent - the Pyramids of Giza are an impressive achievement in ancient engineering. Towering above the desert sands and standing proudly for centuries, the first glimpse of these stunning structures will render visitors breathless.

2. Stony enigma

Be captivated by the mysterious aura of the Great Sphinx of Giza. This monolithic mythical beast possesses a lion’s body and a human head - and has sat quietly in the desert sands for eons. Gaze at the Sphinx and try to work out the riddle of its existence.

3. Mighty Nile River

No trip to Egypt is complete without visiting the Nile River - the life force of Egypt that has flowed for centuries. A provider of irrigation, an essential travel route, home to hippos and crocodiles, and now a source of leisure for locals and travelers alike, the Nile is an aquatic link to Egypt’s ancient heritage.

4. Terrific temples

Discover an enormous open-air museum like no other. The awe-inspiring Temples of Karnak are filled with stately statues, immense columns, and gigantic gateways. Explore this intriguing site and be left in no doubt about the brilliance of the ancient Egyptian civilization.

5. Holy mountain

Embark on a trek to the top of Mt Sinai and witness an incredible golden sunrise to remember. A place of worship for many faiths, a pilgrimage to Mt Sinai reveals stunning scenery, an ancient monastery and historic chapels. An iconic highlight of Egypt for believers and non-believers alike, Mt Sinai is not to be missed.

6. Double happiness

Located in the Nile Valley, the unique Temple of Kom Ombo is a ‘double temple’ and a rare archaeological find. Dedicated to two gods, a visit here is a true highlight of an Egyptian escapade. Marvel at the well-preserved wall reliefs, try to decipher the hieroglyphics and honour the craftsmen who created this wonder.

7. Museum magic

Step into a dazzling world of antiquity at the Egyptian Museum. Be amazed by the glittering treasures recovered from King Tutankhamun’s tomb – with jewelry, furniture, chariots and that famous gold funerary mask, this pharaoh was certainly prepared for the afterlife.

8. Roman ruins

The Roman ruins of Kom el-Dikka in Alexandria may not be the biggest, but they are certainly among the best-preserved in Egypt, if not the world. Soak up the atmosphere of the Roman amphitheater and imagine it in all its glory - packed with 800 spectators ready for action.

9. Colossal characters

Near the modern city of Luxor stand the imposing Colossi of Memnon. These massive stone statues of Amenhotep III, while badly damaged, still maintain an unmistakable air of authority. Stand below them and be dwarfed by the scale of these tremendous figures.

10. The ancient heart of Cairo

Wander the cobbled streets of Islamic Cairo and uncover the ancient heart of this chaotic city. Admire mosques, palaces and houses, and peruse the goods on offer at one of the world’s oldest bazaars. Dating back to medieval times, the Khan al-Khalili bazaar is where people have traded goods for centuries.

Souqs – or open-air bazaars – are both the best place to shop in Egypt and attractions in their own right. The biggest and most famous souq is the 500-year-old Khan El Khalili Bazaar in Cairo. Within the maze of narrow streets and laneways lie stalls selling jewelry, glass, copper, spices and artisan goods, along with more standard tourist fare. Quality can vary greatly so spend some time shopping around.

Like many markets around the world, bargaining is the norm, but Egyptians take it to another level. Expect to be offered tea (it can take that long) and for elaborate theatrics from the seller. While bazaars in Cairo tend to sell everything, visit Aswan’s bazaar for spices, incense, and basketwork, and Luxor for cheaply priced alabaster figurines and vases. It's also a good idea to check with your local customs officials to ensure that you are able to bring certain items back into your home country.

Things to buy in Egypt

You’ll often see spices piled high in bazaars. In addition to making a great photo for Instagram, they’re often a good buy as long as you keep a couple of things in mind. Always buy whole spices rather than ground to ensure freshness and skip the ‘saffron’ – it’s actually safflower and tastes like dust.

2. Glassware

Hand-blown Muski glass, recognizable by its air bubbles, comes in brilliant shades of blue and green and purple and has been made in Egypt since medieval times. Be careful with this purchase though as it’s extremely fragile.

3. Cartouche

A kind of nameplate written in hieroglyphics. Most gold or silver shops sell these and many can customize them by engraving your name.

Festivals and events

Eid al-Fitr

After fasting for an entire month, Muslims celebrate the end of Ramadan with Eid al-Fitr, or ‘Feast of Breaking the Fast’. For three days, starting on the first day of the tenth month of the lunar calendar, people celebrate with feasts, family, and festivals. Look for vendors selling kahk cookies (nut-filled cookies covered in powdered sugar) while taking in the festivities, a tasty treat synonymous with Eid for many locals.

Eid al-Adha

Arguably the most important holiday in Egypt, the ‘Feast of Sacrifice’ is not one for vegetarians and vegans. About 70 days after Eid al-Fitr, sheep, and goats are slaughtered (often in the middle of the street) for a mighty feast.

Sham el-Nessim

Each year on March 21st, Egyptians celebrate the coming of spring by spending the day outdoors. Join the locals for this ancient holiday by packing a picnic and heading to a park or public garden.

Abu Simbel Sun Festival

As if the two temples dedicated to Ramses II and Queen Nefertari weren’t impressive enough, they were constructed in such a way that twice a year, the sun’s rays reach its innermost chambers and illuminate three stone gods that reside within, while leaving Ptah (god of the underworld) in the dark. And those days just happen to be Ramses’s birthday (October 21) and coronation (February 21). Coincidence? We think not.

Read more about festivals in Egypt

Public holidays that may impact travel include:

Coptic Christmas

Coptic Easter

Sinai Liberation Day

National Day

Coptic New Year

Islamic New Year

Armed Forces Day

Birth of Prophet Mohammed

Many of Egypt's public holidays are religious holidays celebrated according to the Islamic lunar cycle. Please note that the dates may vary.

Similar destinations

We have a variety of similar destinations, trips and routes that you could consider! Tie another trip into your holiday, or, see how we can help you get from A to B. We have tours departing from a number of locations across Africa. The options below may be of interest:

Cairo to Madaba

Amman to Madaba

Tours from Cairo

Tours to Cairo

Egypt or Jordan?

Further reading

Egypt travel faqs, do i need a covid-19 vaccine to join an intrepid trip.

Trips from 1 January 2023 onwards

From 1 January 2023, Intrepid will no longer require travelers to provide proof of vaccination against COVID-19 (excluding all Polar trips and select adventure cruises).

However, we continue to strongly recommend that all Intrepid travelers and leaders get vaccinated to protect themselves and others.

Specific proof of testing or vaccination may still be required by your destination or airline. Please ensure you check travel and entry requirements carefully.

Do you need a visa to travel to Egypt?

Visas are the responsibility of the individual traveler. Entry requirements can change at any time, so it's important that you check for the latest information. Please visit the relevant consular website of the country or countries you’re visiting for detailed and up-to-date visa information specific to your nationality. Check the Essential Trip Information section of the itinerary for more information.

Is tipping customary in Egypt?

Tipping is customary for pretty much all services in Egypt. A tip of 10–15% is customary at cafes and restaurants and loose change is acceptable for food purchases from street vendors and markets. It’s also a good idea to tip local guides and drivers USD$2.50-3 per day.

What is the internet access like in Egypt?

Internet access is growing in Egypt, with internet cafes and Wi-Fi hotspots becoming increasingly common in large cities, especially Cairo, though access may be limited in smaller towns and remote areas.

Can I use my cell phone in Egypt?

Cell phone coverage is generally good in Egypt’s urban areas, but may not be available in remote and desert areas. Ensure global roaming is activated with your service provider before leaving home.

What are the toilets like in Egypt?

Squat toilets are most common in Egypt, although Western-style flushable toilets can be found in larger hotels and some tourist areas.

Can I drink the water in Egypt?

Drinking tap water isn’t recommended in Egypt. Remember to avoid drinks with ice and to peel fruit before eating it. Help the environment and try to avoid buying bottled water. Instead, fill a reusable water bottle with filtered water. Ask your leader or hotel where to find filtered water.

Are credit cards accepted widely in Egypt?

Credit cards are usually accepted by modern hotels, large retailers, and tourist sites but are less commonly accepted by smaller vendors in remote areas. Always carry enough cash for smaller purchases in case credit cards are not an option.

What is ATM access like in Egypt?

ATMs are commonly found in larger cities, like Cairo and Alexandria, near shopping centers, tourist areas, and 5-star hotels, but are far less common in small towns and rural areas. Make sure you have enough cash before leaving urban areas.

Is Egypt a safe destination for LGBTQIA+ travelers?

Discretion is advised for LGBTQI travelers in Egypt. Though homosexuality is not officially outlawed, gay men have been prosecuted using debauchery and public morals laws and given long prison sentences. Be aware that signals are ambiguous in Egypt as men commonly hold hands, link arms and greet each other with a kiss on the cheek. As long as you use common sense, travel in Egypt should not be a problem.

For more detailed and up-to-date advice, we recommend visiting Equaldex  or ILGA before you travel.

If you are traveling solo on an Intrepid group tour, you will share accommodation with a passenger of the same gender as per your passport information. If you don’t identify with the gender assigned on your passport, please let us know at the time of booking and we’ll arrange the rooming configuration accordingly. A single supplement is available on some tours for travelers who do not wish to share a room.

What to wear in Egypt

Summer temperatures can get very high, so light fabrics like linen, cotton and athletic gear made to take the heat are best. If you’re traveling outside of winter, don’t underestimate the cool change that can come in the evenings, especially if you’re spending the night in the desert or on a Nile cruise. Avoid packing anything in white – desert dust will quickly turn those light-colored clothes a not-so-delightful shade of brown.

How will I travel around Egypt?

Intrepid believes half the fun of experiencing a new country is getting there, and getting around once there! Where possible, Intrepid uses local transport options and traditional modes of transport - which usually carry less of an environmental impact, support small local operators and are heaps more fun.

Where will I stay in Egypt?

Traveling with Intrepid is a little bit different. We endeavor to provide travelers with an authentic experience to remember, so we try to keep accommodation as unique and traditional as possible.

When traveling with us in Egypt you may find yourself staying in a:

Felucca Glide down the Nile on a traditional Egyptian felucca; sleep on deck under the stars as the sun slides away for the day - a must-do experience while in Egypt.

Homestay Be welcomed into the home of a local family and experience the cuisine, culture and customs of Egypt firsthand during your stay. A truly authentic travel experience like no other.

Desert camp Travel deep into the White Desert to camp under the stars amid surreal scenery. This is a rare chance to experience the remote wonder and isolation of the Egyptian desert.

With calming Red Sea views and fresh sea breezes, this rustic breach abode is all about life’s simple pleasures.

How do I stay safe and healthy while traveling?

From Australia?

Go to: Smart Traveller

From Canada?

Go to:  Canada Travel Information

From the UK?

Go to:  UK Foreign Travel Advice

From New Zealand?

Go to:  Safe Travel

From the US?

Go to:  US Department of State

The World Health Organisation also provides useful health information.

Do I need to purchase travel insurance before traveling?

Absolutely. All passengers traveling with Intrepid are required to purchase travel insurance before the start of their trip. Your travel insurance details will be recorded by your leader on the first day of the trip. Due to the varying nature, availability and cost of health care around the world, travel insurance is very much an essential and necessary part of every journey.

For more information on insurance, please go to: Travel Insurance

What is it like traveling on a small group tour?

Whether you’re a seasoned traveler or you’re about to embark on your first trip, traveling can be as intimidating as it is exciting. That's the beauty of a small group tour. From handling the logistics and organizing amazing cultural activities to local leaders who know each destination like the back of their hand (like which street has the best markets and where to get the most authentic food), traveling on a small group tour with Intrepid will give you unforgettable travel experiences without the hassle that comes with exploring a new place. Plus, you'll have ready-made friends to share the journey with. All you have to do is turn up with a healthy sense of adventure and we’ll take care of the rest.

Does my trip to Egypt support The Intrepid Foundation?

Yes, all Intrepid trips support the Intrepid Foundation. In fact, we make a donation on behalf of every traveler. Trips to Egypt directly support our foundation partner, Animal Care in Egypt . 

Animal Care in Egypt  

Animal Care in Egypt (ACE) cares for sick or injured working animals, like horses and donkeys, in Upper Egypt. Donations from our trips help ACE provide free veterinary care and fund education programs that empower local people with the knowledge and skills to best look after their animals. 

Intrepid will double the impact by dollar-matching all post-trip donations made to The Intrepid Foundation.

Does my Intrepid trip include airfare?

While our Intrepid trips include many modes of transport, from tuk-tuks to overland vehicles, bullet trains and feluccas, airfare to and from your home country is not included in your tour package.

best egypt tour operators


10 Best Egypt Tour Operators & Travel Companies

See the best tour operators and travel companies in Egypt. There are 30 operators in Egypt with a total number of reviews of 50,494 and and average rating to 4.9.

Best Egypt Tour Companies 2023 [Full Updated List] 

Ramasside Tours 

Ranked Number 1 tour operator in Egypt for day tours and tour packages. they offer all travel related services especially luxury travel.

100% guaranteed lifetime experience. Egypt Tours, Book Now, online secure payments for all Egypt Tours & Luxury Egypt Tours. Customize any holiday. Ranked No 1 online Travel Agent in Egypt. Licensed and insured.

Website:  https://www.ramassidetours.com/

Browse their packages:  https://www.ramassidetours.com/egypt-travel-packages

Ramses Tours Egypt

Ramses Tours is the one stop solution for independent travelers in Egypt. Ramses Tous is one of the oldest and most reputable in Egypt. They are specialized in tailor made packages, day tours, shore excursions and transfer

Website: https://www.ramsestours.com

Browse their packages:  https://ramsestours.com/egypt-travel-packages/

Nile Blue Tours

Book a  tour  in  Egypt . Book online for the best tours at the best prices! Lowest prices. Best price guarantee. No hassle booking. Attraction tickets. VIP access. Best selection. 30,000 Activities. Skip the line tickets. Fast & Easy booking. Easy booking. Types: Tickets, Bus & Minivan Tours.

Egypt Last Minute

Egypt Last Minute Travel  Private, custom tour operator, specializes in crafting last minute unique “fabulous” itineraries designed specifically for you. They are based in Cairo. What Makes Them Stand Out? Their name is a play on the world fabulous, meaning they design their tours to fit your needs.

Egypt Tour Packages Company 

At our company, we have one focus and that is simply to make your trip the experience of a lifetime without breaking the bank. Being avid travelers ourselves, we know what is essential to creating that perfect trip, and have tried to combine all of these elements in each and every one of our tours, from exotic destinations as Egypt, Dubai and Turkey, to the sunny beaches and crystal-blue waters of Greece, Spain or Croatian Islands. you can find your own ideal holiday. 

Cairo Tour Company

Cairo Tour Company  is a family run travel company that has emerged as one of the key family-owned businesses around the world, an inspiration for countless others. Responsible for offering more than 230 exceptional travel experiences in destinations such as Egypt. Our company prides itself on its ability to offer insider experiences that enable guests to enjoy genuine experiences and authentic cultural insights with knowledgeable locals. 

Alexandria Tour Company

Discover Alexandria Tour Operator, Egypt with the help of your friends. … “ Fantastic trip in Cairo and the whole of Egypt We were exceptionally…

Cairo Layover Tours

Cairo layover tour  give you the opportunity to enjoy your few hours in Cairo With … Your Cairo layover transit tour from Cairo Airport starts with a Meet & Assist at ….

Egypt Shore Excursions

The best, local-curated,  Egypt  tours. Featuring small, luxury-coach City Tours, Airboat and Bayou Swamp Tours, Plantation,Combo Tours and more.

Egypt Private Ecursions

Egypt Private Excursions – Day Tours: One of the  Best Tour Companies in Egypt.  – See 8 traveler reviews, 3 candid photos, and great deals for Cairo & Luxor

Egypt Tours

  Compare the  best  rated  Egypt tour operators . 123 traveler reviews plus expert recommendations on 53 companies. Find the right Egypt

Brilliant Egypt Tours

Travel to  Egypt  and plan your trip with Brilliant Egypt Tours which have a lot of programs for  Egypt  Travel  Packages


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Egypt tours have become the first choice for many travelers all around the globe due to the high level of enjoyment within our great vacations which are full of history, wonders, means of entertainment, adventures, and more. Egypt Tours Portal is the ultimate key to the finest breath of fresh air and the best adventure as it has been in the business for more than 35 years offering a skilled staff of highly qualified operators, tour guides, and drivers who are recommended by TripAdvisor clients who create amazing tour itineraries all over Egypt. Through our variety of Egypt tours from solo tours to group tours with your family & friends to even personally customized best Egypt tours, every wish and prayer will be answered.

With our Egypt tour packages , every traveler will experience a simple and efficient manner of booking mesmerizing Nile River cruises , the best tours in Egypt & travel packages, and highly affordable vacations to Egypt accompanied with the finest service, comfort, and sense of safety through all the incredible destinations of Egypt such as the land of wonders Cairo , the mythical golden lands of Luxor & Aswan , the tropical gem of the red sea Hurghada , the pearl of the Mediterranean Alexandria , the holy land of Sinai, and the heavenly Egyptian Sahara desert. So contact us and enjoy the finest holiday that will offer the greatest sense of belonging and enlightenment in your life of every traveler through ancient religions and cultures, majestic architecture, colossal monuments, and enchanting visual & spiritual wealth that are ready to be explored by all of you.

Best Recommended Egypt Tours:

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  • 6 Days Cairo, Luxor, Aswan & Abu Simbel Package
  • 7 Days Cairo, Luxor, Aswan & Abu Simbel Include Edfu and Kom Ombo

8 Days Cairo and Nile Cruise Tour

Experience egypt in 9 days.

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  • 12 Days Hurghada, Cairo & Nile Cruise Holiday Packages
  • 13 Days Culture Trip to Egypt
  • 14 Days Trip to the Best of Egypt

15 Days Marvelous Tour Package in Egypt

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Tour Name: 5 Days Tour of Group Witnessing Egypt’s Jewels

Experience Date: 27 June, 2024

My fiancé and I booked a private 5 day tour of Egypt with ETP starting in Cairo followed Read More by Aswan, Abu Simbel and Luxor. We just got home and continue to talk about how amazing the trip was. The communication with ETP was excellent. Very fast responses and they are very accommodating. Our tour was nonstop which was okay by us as we wanted to see all the sights in 4 days. Read Less


Tour Name: Experience Egypt Cultural Sightseeing in 10 Days

This was the trip of a lifetime that I was able to have with my eldest son - an absolutely Read More amazing experience. To be able to actually see the places and artifacts that I had read about and studied was truly phenomenal. Our hotels were great, the travel to and from sites was completely taken care of, we never felt unsafe or left to our own devices, and the itinerary was just right. But what made the experience so fab was our two guides - Mahmoud Nour in Luxor/Aswan/Abu Simbel and "Max" in Cairo/Memphis/Saqqara. They taught us history and context as it related to each site we visited and they indulged my myriad questions. They were both so incredibly knowledgeable and my questions were never ignored or unanswered. In addition, they shared their culture with us and treated us to some awesome dining experiences. We were reminded that Egypt is more than just ancient ruins. I would recommend without reservation this tour experience. And "hats off" to Mahmoud and Max!!! I left feeling like I had made some great new friends. And I can't wait to try some home-made kushari. Read Less

L Joe Smith

Tour Name: Experience Egypt in 9 Days

Egypt Tours Portal is an excellent company to use to arrange your visit to Egypt. They wor Read More k with phenomenal guides (we had Mahmoud Nour in Upper Egypt and Mohsen aka Max in Lower Egypt...I would recommend asking for these guides by name, as they were truly superb), make all the necessary arrangements in terms of drivers, covid testing, hotels, and in-country flights, and can tailor your tour to whatever it is you most want to see. The entire experience was smooth from start to finish. Both Mahmoud and Max spoke excellent English, were extremely knowledgeable, and went out of their way to ensure our experience was everything we hoped it would be. This was the second time I have used ETP, and I will continue to recommend them to anyone who expresses any interest in exploring Egypt. We especially liked that our tour group was limited to only our party, which meant we got one-on-one attention at all the sites, and allowed us to get answers to all our questions. And for those of you who are worried about safety or health in Egypt, in our experience it was extremely safe, and we never had any issues related to COVID-19. Cannot recommend Egypt Tours Portal enough. Choose them, you won't regret it. Read Less

Tour Name: 5 Days Cairo, Luxor & Abu Simbel Tour

It was an absolutely amazing trip where we saw some of the most historical and beautiful s Read More ights in Egypt. Our tour guide Mohamed Elshemei was extremely knowledgeable and accommodating to our needs Read Less

Tour Name: 5 Days Nile River Cruise Luxor to Aswan

Highly recommend this tour company!!! Our guides, Moses, Mahmoud, Magred and Mohamed were Read More exceptional, their knowledge of the history is more that accurate, they are also very patient!! For the price and all the attractions, the Nile cruise and the included meals.....well worth it!!! It is a very busy tour, but well worth it!!! Read Less

This review is a late, but I had to provide some feedback. My brother and I went on vacati Read More on in October 2022 and booked with Egypt Tours Portal. With on-line scams on-going, I was a little wary at first. BUT, the experience was amazing. Personal guides and drivers, lodging, food was amazing and perfect. The guides were very knowledgeable, but more importantly PASSIONATE about their job and culture. They went out of their way to take care of us. If you happen to get Zeze or Marianne, you have gotten the best. Read Less

Timmy Lovett

Egypt tours frequently asked questions, what are the best egypt tours can i do.

There are lots of Egypt tours that can be enjoyed in every quality, type and price. Some of our most selected Egypt tours are 6 Days Egypt tours to Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, and Abu Simbel, 8 Days Egypt tours packages to Cairo, Luxor, Abu Simbel, and Hurghada, 9 Days Egypt tours to Cairo, Nile Cruise and Alexandria, and 10 Days Egypt tour to Cairo, Aswan, Luxor, and Hurghada.

What Is the Average Cost of Egypt Tours?

There are different prices for Egypt Tours depending on the number of days, , tour type either Luxury or Budget and the number of travelers. The Budget Tours can start from $390 up to $1099 maximum and the Luxury Tours can start from $1099 up to a maximum of $3999 .

Are All Egypt Tours Safe Now?

Egypt tours have always been safe and enjoyable to all of the travelers from all around the world.

What Are the Finest Destinations to Visit in Egypt?

The entire country of Egypt deserve to be explored with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen before any other such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili Bazaar, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak & Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan such as Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library. Read more about the best places to visit in Egypt .

What Are Egypt's Visa Requirements?

If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days. Read more about Egypt travel visa .

What Is the Top Traditional Egyptian Food?

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.

What is the Best Time to Visit Egypt?

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a little tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the Climate is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?

You should pack everything you could ever need in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.

Why Book With "Egypt Tours Portal"?

We have been creating the finest vacations for more than 20 years around the most majestic destinations in Egypt. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort to make you have the perfect vacation. All of our tours are customized by Travel, Financial & Time consultants to fit your every possible need during your vacation. It doesn't go without saying that your safety and comfort are our main priority and all of our resources will be directed to provide the finest atmosphere until you return home.

Is it Safe to Travel to Egypt?

You will feel safe in Egypt as the current atmosphere of the country is quite peaceful after the government took powerful measures like restructuring the entire tourist police to include all the important and tourist attractions in Egypt. Read more about is it safe to travel to Egypt .

What to Wear While in Egypt?

Wear whatever feels right and comfortable. It is advised to wear something light and comfortable footwear like a closed-toe shoe to sustain the terrain of Egypt. Put on sun block during your time in Egypt in the summer to protect yourself from the sun.

What are the Best Activities to Do in Egypt?

The best activity is by far boarding a Nile Cruise between Luxor and Aswan or Vise Versa. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. Explore the allure and wonders of the red sea in the magical city resorts of Egypt like Hurghada and many more by diving and snorkeling in the marine life or Hurghada. Behold the mesmerizing western desert by a safari trip under the heavenly Egyptian skies.

What are Egypt Festival and Public Holidays?

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas and new years eve. Read more about festivals & publich holidays in Egypt .

What are Special Advice for Foreign Women in Egypt?

Egypt is considered to be one of the most liberal Islamic countries but it has become a little bit conservative in the last couple of decades so it is advised to avoid showing your chest, shoulders or legs below the knees.

What are the Official Languages of Egypt?

Arabic is the official language and Most Egyptians, who live in the cities, speak or understand English or at least some English words or phrases. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. Professional tour guides, who work in the tourism sector, are equipped to handle visitors who cannot speak Arabic and they will speak enough English and other languages to fulfill the needs of all our clients.

What is the Transportation in Egypt?

The fastest way is a car, of course, a taxi. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour.

What is the Weather is Like?

The temperature in Egypt ranges from 37c to 14 c. Summer in Egypt is somehow hot but sometimes it becomes cold at night and winter is cool and mild. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and the average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. The temperature is moderate all along the coasts.

What are the Reasons That Make You Visit Egypt?

It is the home of everything a traveler might be looking for from amazing historical sites dating to more than 4000 years to enchanting city resorts & beaches. You will live the vacation you deserve as Egypt has everything you could possibly imagine.

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Jamie Sickel

Amazing Trip to Egypt with Odynovo!

I cannot say enough good things about Odynovo, both on the coordination end (we worked with Laura Li, who was fantastic!) to the on-site people (shout out to our air...

Family Egyptian Sphinx, Pyramids and Nile River

A wonderful mixture of the ancient world and modern life. From pyramids, temples and tombs to a felucca, homestay and overnight train, the variety gave us a wonderfu...

Trusted Customer

Day at Red Sea and valley of the kings

There were so many highlights. We loved the temples and The Valley of the Kings, the felucca trip was amazing, we really enjoyed the traditional dinner with a local ...

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Top 10 Egypt Tour Operators & Travel Companies

best egypt tour operators

1. RamassideTours Our esteemed travel company takes great pride in offering a diverse range of tour packages that cater to all types of travelers. Whether you’re captivated by the iconic pyramids of Giza, intrigued by the mystical ruins of Luxor and Aswan, or simply seeking an enriching and memorable journey, we have the perfect itinerary to suit your preferences.Our experienced guides are dedicated to making your trip a truly unforgettable experience. Whether it’s a romantic honeymoon escape or a family-friendly adventure, they will accompany you on a journey of discovery, providing in-depth knowledge and insights into Egypt’s captivating history and culture.

2. Egypt Luxury Tours Embark on an extraordinary journey through the ancient wonders of Egypt with our exclusive Nile Cruise and Pyramids luxury tour package! Begin your adventure by exploring the iconic Pyramids and the enigmatic Sphinx in Cairo, where you’ll be awe-struck by their timeless majesty. Continue to the awe-inspiring Great Temple of Abu Simbel, a testament to Egypt’s rich history and architectural brilliance. In Luxor, immerse yourself in the fascinating history of the Valley of the Kings, where ancient pharaohs rest in splendor. Uncover the mysteries of the Karnak and Luxor Temples, grand monuments that stand as testaments to Egypt’s cultural heritage.

3. Ramses tours We extend our warmest greetings to you as the premier tour operator specializing in the exploration of the ancient wonders of Egypt. At our organization, we take immense pride in curating exceptional journeys that unveil the timeless allure of this historically rich land. Our array of meticulously crafted tour packages is designed to cater to the diverse preferences of each traveler, be it a luxurious cruise along the fabled Nile River or a captivating guided expedition to the illustrious pyramids of Giza and the majestic Valley of the Kings.

4. Cairo Layover It is with great pleasure that we introduce ourselves as the perfect choice for exploring the captivating city of Cairo. At our esteemed organization, we take immense pride in presenting a kaleidoscope of experiences that reveal the essence and allure of this fascinating metropolis. Our curated tour packages encompass an array of captivating activities, from guided expeditions to ancient monuments to enchanting dinner cruises down the storied Nile River. Our commitment to excellence lies in tailoring each tour to cater to the specific needs and desires of every traveler. Whether your heart yearns for an enriching cultural journey of discovery or seeks a romantic and unforgettable honeymoon escape, our seasoned guides are adept at unveiling the true essence of this amazing city, ensuring that every moment becomes etched in your memory.

5. Ultimate Luxury Egypt Tours Welcome to Ultimate Luxury Egypt, where your Egypt Tours are transformed into a true experience of freedom. Say goodbye to the constraints of deadlines and tedious hours of planning. With us, all you need to do is give us a call, express your desires, the dates that suit you, and your preferred destinations. It’s as simple as that.

6.  Nile Blue Tours Nile Blue Tours stands as a pioneering force that has left a significant mark on the travel industry, boasting over two decades of invaluable experience. With a rich history of more than 20 years, our company has consistently been at the forefront of delivering exceptional travel experiences and services to our esteemed clientele.

7.   Brilliant Egypt Tours Embark on a captivating journey to Egypt with Brilliant Egypt Tours, your ultimate partner in crafting unforgettable travel experiences. With an array of meticulously curated Egypt travel packages, we take pride in offering a diverse selection of programs that cater to every traveler’s preferences.

8. Egypt Private Excursions We extend our cordial salutations to you. It is with great pleasure that we address you regarding one of Egypt’s preeminent tour package enterprises. Esteemed for its size and prominence, the company stands tall as a leading tour operator, providing exceptional travel experiences within the enchanting destinations of Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, and Aswan.

9. Egypt Tours Expert With countless years of experience exploring the hidden gems and iconic landmarks of Egypt, I have honed my expertise in crafting personalized itineraries that cater to your unique interests and preferences. Whether you dream of standing in awe before the majestic pyramids of Giza, cruising along the serene Nile River, or delving deep into the mystical stories of pharaohs and ancient civilizations, I am here to turn your aspirations into a reality.

10.   Grand Egyptian Museum Greetings from the land of pharaohs and ancient wonders! I am delighted to introduce you to the awe-inspiring destination that awaits you – the Grand Egyptian Museum. As your dedicated guide to this extraordinary cultural treasure trove, I am excited to take you on a virtual journey through its magnificent halls and historical riches.

11 . Pyramids of Giza Tour Are you ready to embark on a once-in-a-lifetime adventure to witness the marvels of the ancient world? I am thrilled to introduce you to an extraordinary journey that will take you back in time to the enigmatic land of Egypt – the Pyramids of Giza Tour. As your devoted guide to this iconic destination, I am passionate about sharing the mysteries and wonders that surround the majestic Pyramids of Giza. These colossal structures, standing tall against the sands of time, have fascinated explorers and scholars for centuries, and now it’s your turn to experience their awe-inspiring presence up close.

Traveler’s Guide: Read This Before You Embark on Your Trip

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Top 10 Egypt Tour Operators & Travel Companies FAQs

  • What are Egypt tour operators and travel companies? Egypt tour operators and travel companies are agencies that specialize in organizing and managing travel experiences within Egypt. They offer various tour packages, itineraries, and services to cater to the diverse interests of travelers visiting the country.
  • What types of tours do these companies offer? Egypt tour operators offer a wide range of tours, including cultural tours to historical sites, Nile River cruises, desert safaris, adventure tours, luxury experiences, and tailor-made tours to suit individual preferences.
  • Which attractions are covered in their tours? The tours provided by these companies cover iconic attractions such as the Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, the temples of Luxor and Karnak, the Valley of the Kings, and other historical sites in Cairo, Aswan, and Alexandria.
  • Do these tour operators cater to international travelers? Yes, many Egypt tour operators welcome international travelers and provide services like airport transfers, visa assistance, and multilingual guides to ensure a seamless experience.
  • How can I select the best tour operator for my Egypt trip? When choosing a tour operator, consider factors such as their reputation, customer reviews, years of experience, variety of tour options, level of customer service, and the extent of local expertise they offer.
  • Are these tour operators knowledgeable about Egypt’s history and culture? Reputable tour operators in Egypt are well-versed in the country’s history, culture, and heritage, ensuring that travelers have an enriching and informative experience.
  • Can I request a private or customized tour with these operators? Yes, many tour operators in Egypt offer the option to request private tours or create tailor-made itineraries that cater to specific preferences and interests.
  • Are English-speaking guides available for international tourists? Yes, most tour operators provide English-speaking guides to accommodate international tourists who may not speak Arabic.
  • What is the best time to visit Egypt with these tour operators? Egypt’s peak tourist season is from October to April when the weather is more pleasant for sightseeing. However, Egypt is a year-round destination, and the best time to visit depends on your preferences for weather and crowd levels.
  • Are these tour operators safe and reliable for travel in Egypt? Reputable tour operators prioritize safety and customer satisfaction. Look for licensed and certified companies with positive reviews from past travelers to ensure a safe and reliable travel experience in Egypt.

Best Egypt Tour Companies

Best Egypt Tour Companies

Welcome to Best Egypt Tour Companies, the premier and official ranking organization for Egypt tour operators. At the heart of our mission is a commitment to guiding travelers towards the best possible tour experiences in Egypt. We stand apart as an unbiased authority, offering rankings and insights without any paid endorsements. Our evaluations are rigorously impartial, focusing solely on merit and performance.

best egypt tour operators

We regularly update our rankings to reflect the most current information, ensuring that our recommendations remain relevant and trustworthy. Our comprehensive criteria include customer satisfaction, service quality, local expertise, value, and a dedication to safety and sustainability. This approach guarantees that our rankings are not just lists, but invaluable guides for anyone looking to explore Egypt’s wonders.

Whether your dream is to visit the Great Pyramids, sail the Nile, or delve into the rich history of the Pharaohs, Best Egypt Tour Companies is here to ensure your journey is nothing short of extraordinary. Our extensive knowledge and unbiased evaluations empower you to make informed decisions with ease.

Egypt Tour Companies Ranking

best egypt tour operators

1. Ramasside Tours :

Known for their exceptional customer service, Ramasside Tours offers a blend of historical and modern experiences. They specialize in personalized itineraries that cover Egypt’s major attractions, including private tours of the pyramids and bespoke Nile cruises. Their focus on small group sizes ensures a more intimate and in-depth exploration of Egypt’s rich heritage View Tour Packages

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2. Egypt Tours Expert :

Egypt Tours Expert excels in creating tailor-made experiences for discerning travelers. They offer unique tours like overnight desert safaris and exclusive access to lesser-known archaeological sites. Their expert guides are renowned for their knowledge and ability to bring Egypt’s history to life, making each tour both educational and entertaining View Tour Packages

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3. Brilliant Egypt Tours :

This company is synonymous with luxury travel in Egypt. Brilliant Egypt Tours provides access to exclusive venues, private viewings of historical sites, and top-tier accommodation. Their tours often include unique experiences such as private yacht trips along the Nile and helicopter tours over the Giza pyramids View Tour Packages

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4. Nile Blue Tours :

Specializing in Nile River cruises, Nile Blue Tours combines scenic river journeys with cultural explorations. Their cruises feature expert-led tours of key riverside attractions, luxurious onboard accommodations, and cultural events that showcase Egypt’s rich traditions, such as live folkloric shows View Tour Packages

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5. Ramses Tours Egypt :

Ramses Tours Egypt focuses on immersive cultural and historical tours. They offer in-depth excursions to famous sites like Luxor and Aswan, along with experiences that delve into local life, including visits to traditional markets and interactions with local artisans View Tour Packages

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6. Ultimate Luxury Egypt :

As a provider of high-end travel experiences, Ultimate Luxury Egypt caters to travelers seeking the utmost in comfort and exclusivity. Their services include private jet travel, stays in premium hotels, and VIP access to historical sites, ensuring a journey filled with unparalleled luxury View Tour Packages

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7. Egypt Luxury Tours :

Known for their bespoke itineraries, Egypt Luxury Tours offers a mix of historical exploration and modern indulgence. Their tailored tours often include private guides, luxury accommodations, and special arrangements like dinner by the Sphinx or a hot air balloon ride over the Valley of the Kings View Tour Packages

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8 . Saudi Arabia Tours Group :

Though primarily focused on Saudi Arabia, their Egypt tours are comprehensive, covering major historical sites and offering insights into both countries’ intertwined histories and cultures. They are known for seamlessly integrating tours of Egypt with visits to Saudi Arabia, providing a broader perspective of the Middle East View Tour Packages

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9. Egypt Tour Packages :

Offering a range of tour packages, from budget-friendly to premium options, this company is known for its flexibility and wide coverage of Egypt’s attractions. Their packages often include multi-city tours, combining visits to Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, and beach resorts like Sharm El Sheikh View Tour Packages

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10. Cairo Layover Tours :

Specializing in short, impactful tours for transit travelers, Cairo Layover Tours maximizes limited time without compromising on experience. They offer quick tours of Cairo’s highlights, including the Egyptian Museum, the Giza Pyramids, and local markets, with efficient planning to ensure timely return to the airport View Tour Packages

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11. Egypt Private Excursions :

Focused on providing personalized and private tours, this company offers exclusive experiences away from the crowds. Their private excursions range from historical tours to unique experiences like private cooking classes with local chefs or visits to off-the-beaten-path archaeological sites View Tour Packages

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12. Alexandria Tours Egypt :

As experts in Alexandria, they offer detailed explorations of this historic city, including visits to the Catacombs, the Alexandria Library, and the Roman Amphitheater. Their tours often include insights into the city’s rich Greco-Roman history and its role as a cultural hub of the Mediterranean View Tour Packages

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13. Memphis Tours :

With a long-standing reputation, Memphis Tours offers comprehensive travel experiences across Egypt. They are known for their well-organized itineraries that cover all major historical sites, along with providing opportunities for adventure activities like desert safaris and Red Sea diving View Tour Packages

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14. Egypt Travel :

This operator provides a wide range of travel services, from historical tours to leisure and adventure activities. They are known for their customizable itineraries, which can include everything from classic tours of ancient monuments to more contemporary experiences like Nile dinner cruises and beach holidays View Tour Packages

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15. Egypt Last Minute :

Catering to spontaneous travelers, Egypt Last Minute specializes in organizing quick and efficient tours. They offer a range of last-minute deals and packages, which include expedited bookings for popular sites, accommodations, and transportation, making them ideal for impromptu trips View Tour Packages

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16. Best Egypt Luxury Tours :

This company offers luxury-focused travel experiences, combining comfort with exclusivity. Their tours often include stays in high-end resorts, private guided tours, and unique experiences like luxury desert camping or exclusive access to historical sites after-hours View Tour Packages

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17. Best Egypt Tour Guide :

Praised for their highly knowledgeable and engaging tour guides, this company offers culturally rich and informative tours. They focus on providing deep historical insights and personal anecdotes that enhance the visitor experience, making each tour both educational and memorable View Tour Packages

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18. Dahabiya Nile Cruise Tours :

Specializing in traditional Dahabiya boat cruises, they offer a more intimate and serene Nile experience. Their cruises feature smaller boats with luxury amenities, personalized service, and stops at less crowded sites, providing a unique way to explore the Nile’s beauty and historical significance View Tour Packages

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19. Luxury Nile Cruises Holidays :

Known for their opulent Nile cruises, this company combines relaxation with cultural immersion. Their cruises feature luxury accommodations, gourmet dining, and guided tours of key riverside attractions, offering a blend of leisure and exploration View Tour Packages

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20. All Inclusive Egypt :

Ideal for those seeking a hassle-free experience, All Inclusive Egypt offers comprehensive packages that cover accommodations, meals, tours, and transportation. Their all-inclusive approach ensures a worry-free holiday, with a focus on providing a complete and enjoyable Egyptian experience View Tour Packages

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21. Luxor Day Trips

Luxor Day Trips is a premier tour company renowned for offering unforgettable experiences in the historic city of Luxor. Specializing in day trips, this company provides expertly crafted tours that showcase the best of Luxor’s ancient wonders and hidden gems. Whether it’s exploring the majestic Valley of the Kings, marveling at the grandeur of the Karnak Temple, or basking in the serene beauty of the Luxor Temple at sunset, Luxor Day Trips ensures a comprehensive and enriching exploration of these iconic sites. View Tour Packages

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22. Top 10 Egypt Tours

Welcome to the ultimate guide to the top 10 Egypt tours! If you’re seeking an unforgettable adventure through the land of ancient wonders, look no further. Our expertly curated list will take you on a journey through Egypt’s rich history, stunning landscapes, and vibrant culture. Whether you dream of exploring the pyramids, cruising the Nile, or discovering hidden treasures, our comprehensive guide will help you plan the perfect Egyptian getaway. Get ready to embark on a once-in-a-lifetime experience as we unveil the top 10 Egypt tours that will leave you captivated and inspired View Tour Packages

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23. Best Egypt Tour Packages

Embark on an extraordinary journey through the land of pharaohs, pyramids, and timeless wonders with our handpicked selection of the “Best Egypt Tour Packages.” Egypt, a country that straddles the line between ancient history and modern marvels, offers a captivating array of experiences waiting to be explored. Our meticulously crafted tour packages are designed to immerse you in the rich tapestry of Egypt’s culture, history, and natural beauty View Tour Packages

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24. Cairo Day Tours

Welcome to the bustling heart of Egypt, where every day is an opportunity to embark on a new adventure. Cairo, a city that effortlessly blends ancient history with modern vitality, is a treasure trove of experiences waiting to be discovered. Our “Cairo Day Tours” offer you a glimpse into the captivating tapestry of this vibrant metropolis, all in the span of a single day View Tour Packages

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25. Best Egypt Day Tours

Welcome to the gateway of unforgettable experiences in the land of pharaohs and pyramids. Egypt, a country steeped in ancient history and adorned with architectural marvels, offers a wealth of opportunities for exploration and discovery. Our collection of the “Best Egypt Day Tours” is your key to unlocking the wonders of this captivating destination View Tour Packages

At Best Egypt Tour Companies Ranking, we highly value your feedback and insights. We cordially invite you to share your comments or reviews about any of the companies listed with us, or even those not currently featured on our list. Our commitment to providing accurate and up-to-date information is reflected in our daily monitoring and regular updates of the rankings. Your contributions play a vital role in ensuring the reliability and relevance of our listings, assisting fellow travellers in making informed decisions. We look forward to receiving your valuable input and continuously enhancing the quality of our service.

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Embark on a journey of personalized exploration. In “Tailored Journeys: Explore Egyptian Tours,” discover a diverse array of thoughtfully curated travel packages, from exclusive private group holidays to adventures blending Ancient Egypt with city explorations and desert escapades. Then, in “Crafting Your Dream Expedition: Personalized Egyptian Tours,” experience simplicity as we tailor-make a tour based on your desired visit, time, and destination. Choose the number of days and let us guide you through selected destinations, ensuring your dream tour to Egypt is an unforgettable and tailored experience. Discover the perfect blend of customization and curated experiences for an unparalleled Egyptian adventure with our Egyptian tours.

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Embark on Tailored Journeys: Explore Egyptian Tours

Discover a plethora of thoughtfully curated Egypt travel packages, including the option for an exclusive private group holiday. Our diverse range is designed to cater to every taste, blending tours of Ancient Egypt  with city explorations, diving holidays, and desert adventures. Take a moment to browse through our meticulously crafted Egypt Travel Packages and choose the one that aligns with your preferences for an unparalleled Egyptian tour experience!

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Crafting Your Dream Expedition: Personalized Egyptian Tours

Just inform us of your desired visit time and destination in Egypt, and we’ll tailor-make a tour that suits your preferences. Choose the number of days you desire, and we’ll guide you to your selected destinations while suggesting additional places for you to consider. Let us design your dream tour to Egypt, ensuring an unforgettable and tailored experience just for you!

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Escorted & Package Tours in Egypt

Packages for the Independent Traveler

Package tours are simply a way to buy the airfare, accommodations, and other elements of your trip (such as car rentals, airport transfers, and sometimes even activities) at the same time and often at discounted prices. In Egypt, they are also one of the best ways to save money. Most tourist hotels in Egypt are oriented toward travel-agency and group bookings. Walk-ins will often be charged double or triple what customers who have booked as part of a package are paying.

One good source of package deals is the airlines themselves. Most major airlines offer air/land packages, including American Airlines Vacations (tel. 800/321-2121; www.aavacations.com), Delta Vacations (tel. 800/654-6559; www.deltavacations.com), Continental Airlines Vacations (tel. 800/301-3800; www.covacations.com), and United Vacations (tel. 888/854-3899; www.unitedvacations.com). Several big online travel agencies -- Expedia, Travelocity, Orbitz, and Lastminute.com -- also do a brisk business in packages to Egypt.

Thomas Cook (tel. 0870/7505711; www.thomascook.com) is one of the biggest operators in the Egyptian package market, and it has well-trained staff in strategically placed offices around the country. (I'm a fan of its Luxor office.) In-country services booked through them tend to be higher-end than some of the local agents, but in the end you get what you pay for.

Thomson Holidays (tel. 0870/1650079; www.thomson.co.uk) is a British package dealer that specializes in keeping prices down and does a huge volume of business in Egypt. In addition to providing airfare and accommodations packages at substantially low prices, Thomson sells day and multi-day packages for everything from monument sightseeing to Red Sea snorkeling through representatives who can be found at the travel desks in the lobbies of most high-traffic tourist hotels in Cairo, Luxor, and Sharm El Sheikh.

Travel packages are also listed in the travel section of your local Sunday newspaper. Or check ads in national travel magazines such as Arthur Frommer's Budget Travel Magazine, Travel + Leisure, National Geographic Traveler, and Condé Nast Traveler.

Escorted General-Interest Tours

Escorted tours are structured group tours with a group leader. The price usually includes everything from airfare, hotels, and meals to tours, admission costs, and local transportation.

Despite the fact that escorted tours require big deposits and predetermine hotels, restaurants, and itineraries, many people derive security and peace of mind from the structure they offer. Escorted tours -- whether they're navigated by bus, motor coach, train, or boat -- let travelers sit back and enjoy the trip without having to drive or worry about details. They take you to the maximum number of sights in the minimum amount of time with the least amount of hassle. They're particularly convenient for people with limited mobility and they can be a great way to make new friends.

On the downside, you'll have little opportunity for serendipitous interactions with locals. The tours can be jam-packed with activities, leaving little room for individual sightseeing, whim, or adventure -- plus they often focus on the heavily touristed sites, so you miss out on many a lesser-known gem.

Egypt Magic (tel. 888/575-6941 or 352/402-0412; www.egyptmagic.com) has a variety of 1- and 2-week Egyptian packages. Its accommodation choices are solid and its itineraries are reasonable. The Egypt Adventure tour, which costs $1,700 to $2,100 depending on the season, doesn't include a cruise, but it sees Upper Egypt sites by car and includes good flexibility for travelers to do their own thing, with or without their guide.

British-based Insight Vacations (www.insightvacations.com) has economically priced tours that hit all of Egypt's must-see sites. Its 17-day Grand Tour of Egypt runs about $3,000 (£1,528) and covers Alexandria, Cairo, Upper Egypt (including a cruise), and a visit to St. Catherine's monastery on the Sinai Peninsula.

American luxury travel company Abercrombie & Kent (tel. 800/554-7016; www.abercrombiekent.com) is at the high end of the scale, with an 11-day Highlights of Egypt tour running around $4,000 to $6,000, with accommodations and food to match.

Intrepid Travel (tel. 800/970-7299 ; www.intrepidtravel.com) offers a number of trips to Egypt run by local tour leaders and guides. The company's focus on local experiences mean you get the real deal (house visits with local families in Aswan and Luxor, an overnight felucca ride on the Nile), and these experiences truly make the trip. Forty-four different trips are offered, ranging from 1 to 117 days. Examples include the 8-day Egypt Adventure ($925) and the 15-day Discover Egypt ($1,265) and Egypt Explorer ($945).

Note : This information was accurate when it was published, but can change without notice. Please be sure to confirm all rates and details directly with the companies in question before planning your trip.

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We Are One of The Best & Most Trusted Tour Operator in Egypt

Deluxe Travel Egypt is one of the premier tour operators in Egypt . It is recognized by the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism license number 1337 and classified category (A) as one of the high-grade best Egypt tour companies and a member of the Egyptian Travel Agents Association. Our headquarters is in Cairo, but we are handling tourism operations all over the country.

Deluxe Travel Egypt is also an IATA accredited agent ID: 90260155.  Being one of the proactive Cairo tour operators, Deluxe Travel Egypt always works with a comprehensive international innovation and excellence approach. We have a specialized team that handles transaction-level operations. They are qualified professionals and well versed with the complexities of the Travel & Tourism Trade. Our guest service team has cumulative experience in the tourism industry. The team is well aware and equipped to cater requirements of various market segments and understands the nuances of tourism in Egypt.

We create every itinerary based on our customer’s specifications. With their expert planning and first-hand local knowledge, our qualified team members ensure every detail is looked after precisely. We guarantee that you would definitely enjoy a personalized trip to Egypt planned by Deluxe Travel Egypt .

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We Proudly Offer Excellent Customer Satisfaction

We cater to every need and requirement of our customers and ensure the best possible service. 100% satisfaction guaranteed. Each booking includes 24/7 support service in case anything comes up. If you need any changes to your itinerary, we can help you with that as well.

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Our experienced representatives have excellent communication with customers so that they can fully understand clients’ needs. This understanding allows us to serve our clients as well as our business partners and become part of achieving their individual and business goals.

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Our mission is to provide quality and excellence to our customers promptly and exclusively, with a commitment to absolute customer satisfaction that leads to a mutually beneficial and lifelong relationship. Getting clients to their destination and back is only half the job we seek to provide demonstrable value for customer satisfaction.

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Know more about Cleopatra Travel, a Travel Agency in Egypt, rated as one of the best tour operators in Egypt. Cleopatra Travel is a quality Destination Management Company, specializing in Group Trips to Egypt, and Egypt Private Tour Packages.

How to Find the Best Tour Operator in Egypt

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Why An Organized Tour Is The Best Way To Experience Egypt Solo

T he temples. The tombs. The pyramids. Egypt has long held a special place in my imagination for its extraordinary millennia-old antiquities. From its golden treasures and dazzling jewelry to its eye-popping architecture and intriguing burial chambers, Egypt’s rich cultural heritage celebrates one of the world’s oldest civilizations.

But when it came time to finally plan a visit, I faced several challenges — even as an experienced traveler (I’ve visited 110 countries). First was the prospect of arranging an extremely complicated trip that included visiting multiple sites scattered around the country, requiring flights, ferries, road vehicles, and cruise ships to access. Second, I was concerned about the cultural barriers and safety of traveling alone as a Western woman in a fairly conservative Muslim country.

The solution? Signing up with an experienced tour company, such as 76-year-old Trafalgar Tours . So I chose their 9-day “ Best of Egypt ” itinerary that included an iconic Nile River cruise. (This was a complimentary individual media tour.) From the lush river valleys to the vast desert landscapes, the voyage included all the archaeological greatest hits: Giza, Sakkara, Memphis, Valley of the Kings, Karnak, Luxor, Edfu, Kom Ombo, Philae, and the magical Abu Simbel — two rock-hewn temples miraculously moved to higher ground to escape Nile flooding.

These are just some of the reasons why an organized tour is necessary for exploring Egypt on your own.

1. Trip Planning Made Easy

Planning a trip that encompassed Egypt’s antiquities — from the Pyramids of Giza in the north to Abu Simbel 700 miles away to the south — as well as Cairo’s cultural highlights was daunting. So I was happy to let the experts at Trafalgar arrange all transportation, accommodations, most meals, guides, entrance tickets, and other logistics. That allowed me to focus single-mindedly on enjoying the destination itself.

“I wouldn’t know where to start, being unfamiliar with the culture and not knowing who to trust,” said Rosalind Monaghan, a tour member from Albuquerque, at the prospect of designing her own trip.

Pro Tip: Choose a tour company that aligns with your travel style based on level of activity.

2. Safety And Security

With the Department of State warning U.S. citizens to “reconsider travel to Egypt due to terrorism,” traveling in our group of 31 offered the comfort of safety in numbers. Plus, whenever we were transported by coach in Cairo, the local government reassuringly provided security police to ride along. I never felt unsafe.

“Safety was a big issue for us,” said another tour member, Imelda Velayo from Orlando. “It was so comforting in a foreign country to know that the tour company was there for us.”

Pro Tip: Check the State Department travel advisory before planning a trip.

3. Cultural Enrichment 

A knowledgeable local guide can bring a destination to life. We were fortunate that our tour leader, Hatem Abdel Aziz, was a trained Egyptologist and university lecturer — and it showed. Not only did he excel in his knowledge of Egypt’s glorious past, but he also shared revealing insights into Egyptian culture not typically found in a guidebook. His infectious passion enhanced our appreciation of this proud 5,000-year-old empire that achieved such remarkable engineering feats without the use of modern tools or technology.

We learned about fascinating tidbits of the ancient world: how the pyramids were built (with mud-brick spiral ramps to drag up the 2.5-ton limestone blocks) and by whom (skilled laborers and not slaves, as commonly thought); that tombs are always on the west side of the Nile (where the Sun sets) while temples are on the east; that temples were built from the bottom up and decorated from the top down; that no royal palaces remain because they were all made of impermanent adobe; and that hippos were considered evil and therefore exterminated from the Nile.

At each temple and tomb, Hatem explained the elaborate Egyptian cosmology, royal lineages, and mysterious hieroglyphs. He illuminated the exquisite wall paintings and carvings, pointing out startling scenes: men force-feeding geese for foie gras and a hippo biting a crocodile’s head at the Saqqara necropolis ; surgical scalpels and forceps at Kom Ombo Temple ; Christian figures on Luxor Temple , the remains of a one-time Christian church; a three-headed snake (the only one in Egypt) in Ramses IX’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings; and a grinning dwarf-deity playing a harp at Philae Temple .

We also learned about current customs: how Muslims bury their dead (no cremation, embalming, or coffins allowed), why Muslim women cover their hair (to conceal their beauty), why sexes are separated in mosques (to avoid distractions), the main occasions for gifting gold (weddings, births, and Mother’s Day), and the five pillars of Islam (confession, almsgiving, fasting, praying five times daily, and visiting Mecca).

“There’s a difference between just being a tour guide and loving your country,” observed Jeanne Hempen, a retiree from Honolulu. “Hatem really wants us to know the history.”

Pro Tip: Be sure to have U.S. dollars (used throughout the country) or local currency in small bills to tip your tour director and bus drivers. They’re also handy for bargaining with souvenir vendors at many historic sites.

4. Special Experiences

A tour often includes exclusive experiences that are hard to replicate on your own. Trafalgar, for example, features its signature “Be My Guest“ event on every tour, where locals welcome you into their homes to learn about their culture. In the Valley of the Kings, we visited the humble home of village bread bakers who served us mint tea and “sun bread” (so-called because it rises in the Sun) made from local wheat and baked in their earthen oven. Twice a week, each neighboring household bakes its own version with a remarkably distinct flavor from all the others. Wealth here is measured in land and being self-sufficient, the family told us.

At a papyrus shop, we watched the fascinating process of turning papyrus reeds (whose cross-sections reveal a pyramidal shape) into paper — an invention that predated Chinese paper by about 3,000 years. At an alabaster workshop in Aswan, we observed the initial carving of a pot. And at a Cairo perfumery, we sniffed intoxicating scents during an entertaining presentation accompanied by Turkish coffee and lemon mint tea. 

Pro Tip: You can buy papyrus paintings (some even personalized), alabaster pots, or perfumes at these stops. Happily, there’s no hard sell.

5. Language Barrier 

Although I speak a few European languages, Arabic is definitely not in my repertoire. Having the bilingual tour staff smooth the way was invaluable, despite the availability of translation apps. “I couldn’t have managed the language as a solo traveler,” agreed Amanda Chiavetta from Honolulu.

Pro Tip: Learning a few essential words in Egyptian Arabic, such as min fadlak (“please”) and shoukran (“thank you”), goes a long way.

6. Like-Minded Guests 

A group tour offers a valuable bonus to a single traveler: ready-made companions with whom to share the experience. They tend to have similar interests and a love of travel, which facilitates socializing and sometimes even lasting friendships. Plus, they help you avoid the dreaded dinner alone — the bane of solo travelers, especially women.

“You can enjoy the company and meet people with different points of view,” said solo traveler Rosalind Monaghan.

Indeed, I’ll never forget overhearing what the retired Canadian judge in our group said while gazing at the Great Pyramid of Giza: “This is where you bring people who have no hope.”

That sentiment, so moving and profound, could easily have applied to my entire tour.

Related Reading:

  • 9 Amazing Things To Do In Cairo After You’ve Visited The Pyramids
  • This Ancient City Is The Prettiest Location I’ve Ever Visited
  • 9 Amazing Experiences In Luxor, The Valley Of The Kings And Queens

This article originally appeared on TravelAwaits

Veronica Stoddart

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Hajj 2024: Egypt vows action against private travel agents over pilgrim deaths

Gulf kuwait.

Massive search underway for missing pilgrims and those who died


Cairo: Egypt has vowed to penalise private tour operators who arranged trips for unregistered pilgrims following reports that hundreds, mainly Egyptians, died during last week's Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.

Egyptian Prime Minister Moustafa Madbouli said investigations will target any travel agency that organized journeys for unregistered pilgrims and failed to provide them with necessary services.

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Saudi Arabia has repeatedly emphasised that a Hajj visa is mandatory for the annual pilgrimage, which coincided with extreme heat this year. They cracked down on unauthorised tours within their borders, stating that a visit visa does not qualify for Hajj participation.

"Firm decisions will be taken, and the toughest penalties will be imposed to ensure these violations don't happen again," Madbouli declared in media remarks.

The number of pilgrim deaths remains unclear for now, according to Egyptian authorities. Many were unregistered pilgrims, making it difficult to determine the exact numbers.

Registered pilgrims from Egypt, the most populous Arab country, totaled 50,752 this year, according to official figures. There were 28 deaths among them.

President Abdul Fattah Al Sissi has ordered the formation of a task force led by Madbouli to handle the crisis and investigate its causes.

Al Sissi has also stressed "the necessity of immediate coordination" with Saudi authorities to facilitate the repatriation of deceased pilgrims' bodies, a presidential statement said.

  • Next year marks last Hajj during intense summer heat, relief from extreme temperatures for the next 17 years: Official
  • Dozens died due to extreme heat during Hajj in Saudi Arabia
  • Watch: Showers bring relief for Hajj pilgrims as rain falls on holy sites of Saudi Arabia
  • Hajj 2024 a success: No disease outbreaks reported during pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia
  • Hajj 2024: Kuwaiti dies in Saudi Arabia after 30-year holy mission

Teams from the Egyptian Foreign Ministry are currently visiting hospitals in Saudi Arabia to gather data on Egyptian pilgrims receiving medical treatment, deceased pilgrims, and missing pilgrims. They will then compare this information to what relatives in Egypt have provided.

The Egyptian Foreign Ministry said it is intensifying efforts to locate missing Egyptian pilgrims in Saudi Arabia.

Some other Arab countries have confirmed deaths among their pilgrims during this year's Hajj. Jordan reported 75 deaths, while Tunisia said 49 nationals, mostly unregistered pilgrims, passed away.

Hajj is one of Islam's five obligatory duties. Muslims who are physically and financially able must perform Hajj at least once in their lifetime.

Around 1.8 million Muslims, including 1.6 million from abroad, participated in this year's Hajj.

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Best of Egypt Luxury Tour

  • In-depth Cultural
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Traveled in May 2022

Places You’ll See


  • Introduction
  • Day 1 Cairo
  • Day 2 Cairo
  • Day 3 Cairo, Luxor (by flight) , Nile Cruise
  • Day 4 Nile Cruise
  • Day 5 Nile Cruise
  • Day 6 Nile Cruise
  • Day 7 Nile Cruise, Abu Simbel, Aswan, Cairo (by flight)
  • Day 8 Cairo
  • Day 9 Cairo

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Customer Reviews

  • Overall Rating Excellent 4.9
  • Itinerary Excellent 4.8
  • Guide Excellent 5.0
  • Transport Excellent 4.9
  • Accommodation Excellent 4.8
  • Food Excellent 4.7
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  • MJ Michael · 21st March 2023 The Ciconia tour was excellent in all regards. There was superb food on both the cruise and at the Crown Plaza Hotel. Our guide, Adham, did a superb job in every respect. Trip date: March 2023

Best of Egypt Luxury Tour reviewer 5

  • LM Lesley · 5th September 2022 This was a great trip, including all the major sites in Upper as well as Lower Egypt (as far as Cairo). A huge advantage was the small group size (7 people) and our own wonderful guide. He was extremely knowledgeable, yet with a good sense of humor,... Show more Trip date: August 2022

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  • EK Ella · 14th June 2022 Have just finished my Egypt tour and it was hands down the best tour I’ve ever done! Mo our tour guide was amazing had a wealth of knowledge and was very passionate about everything he did. Would highly recommend. Trip date: May 2022
  • KF Kerry · 13th June 2022 Loved my recent Ciconia tour "Best of Egypt". Mo was a brilliant guide, informative and fun! Would definitely recommend. Trip date: May 2022
  • A Alexandra · 13th June 2022 I would highly recommend this tour. I recently went on a tour in Egypt and it was fantastic My tour guide Sam was amazing! Very knowledgeable and great to travel with. Trip date: April 2022

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As a traveller from USA, Canada, England, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa you will need an adaptor for types C, E, F.

  • These are only indications, so please visit your doctor before you travel to be 100% sure.
  • Typhoid - Recommended for Egypt. Ideally 2 weeks before travel.
  • Hepatitis A - Recommended for Egypt. Ideally 2 weeks before travel.
  • Hepatitis B - Recommended for Egypt. Ideally 2 months before travel.
  • Rabies - Recommended for Egypt. Ideally 1 month before travel.
  • Yellow fever - Certificate of vaccination required if arriving from an infected area for Egypt. Ideally 10 days before travel.
  • Unfortunately we cannot offer you a visa application service. Whether you need a visa or not depends on your nationality and where you wish to travel. Assuming your home country does not have a visa agreement with the country you're planning to visit, you will need to apply for a visa in advance of your scheduled departure.
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  • For any tour departing before 31st August 2024 a full payment is necessary. For tours departing after 31st August 2024, a minimum payment of €150 is required to confirm your booking with Ciconia Exclusive Journeys. The final payment will be automatically charged to your credit card on the designated due date. The final payment of the remaining balance is required at least 65 days prior to the departure date of your tour. TourRadar never charges you a booking fee and will charge you in the stated currency.
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Pilgrim Deaths in Mecca Put Spotlight on Underbelly of Hajj Industry

More than 1,300 people died, and a Saudi official said most of them were not registered for the pilgrimage. That left them with little protection from the heat.

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By Emad Mekay and Vivian Nereim

Emad Mekay reported from Cairo and Vivian Nereim from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

More than 1,300 people died making the Islamic pilgrimage of hajj in Saudi Arabia this month, the vast majority of whom the Saudi government said did not have permits. Many walked for miles in scorching heat after paying thousands of dollars to illicit or fraudulent tour operators.

While pilgrims with permits are transported around the holy city of Mecca in air-conditioned buses and rest in air-conditioned tents, unregistered ones are often exposed to the elements. In recent days, as temperatures surpassed 120 degrees, some pilgrims described watching people faint and passing bodies in the street.

On Sunday, in an interview on state television, the Saudi health minister, Fahd al-Jalajel, said that 83 percent of the 1,301 reported deaths involved pilgrims who lacked permits.

“The rise in temperatures during the hajj season represented a big challenge this year,” he said. “Unfortunately — and this is painful for all of us — those who didn’t have hajj permits walked long distances under the sun.”

Mr. al-Jalajel’s remarks came after days of silence from the Saudi government over the fatalities during the hajj, an arduous and deeply spiritual ritual that Muslims are encouraged to perform once in their lifetimes if they are physically and financially able.

With nearly two million participating each year, it is not unusual for pilgrims to die from heat stress, illness or chronic disease. It is unclear if the number of deaths this year was higher than usual, because Saudi Arabia does not regularly report those statistics. Last year, 774 pilgrims died from Indonesia alone, and in 1985, more than 1,700 people died around the holy sites, most of them from heat stress, a study at the time found.

An aerial view of a vast complex of tents.

But because so many of those who died had no permits, this year’s toll exposed an underbelly of tour operators and smugglers around the world who profit off Muslims desperate to make the journey.

The deaths also laid bare what appeared to be a wide-scale failure of Saudi immigration and security procedures aimed at preventing unregistered pilgrims from reaching the holy sites, including a security cordon around Mecca that locks down weeks before hajj.

Despite those efforts, an estimated 400,000 undocumented people tried to perform the pilgrimage this year, a senior Saudi official told Agence France-Presse, speaking on the condition of anonymity. The hajj has also been the scene of several catastrophes over the years, including a stampede in 2015 that killed more than 2,200 people .

Saudi officials did not respond to requests for comment.

In interviews with The New York Times, however, hajj tour operators, pilgrims and relatives of the dead described easily exploited loopholes that allow people to travel to the kingdom with a tourist or visitor visa ahead of hajj, usually assisted by tour operators in their home countries. Once they arrive, they find a network of illegal brokers and smugglers who offer their services and sometimes abandon them to fend for themselves, they said.

The number of unregistered pilgrims appears to have been driven up this year by rising economic desperation in countries like Egypt and Jordan. An official hajj package can cost more than $5,000 or $10,000, depending on a pilgrim’s country of origin — beyond the means of many hoping to make the trip.

Marwa, a 32-year-old Egyptian woman whose parents performed hajj without an official permit this year, said that they had paid around $2,000 for their journey, facilitated by an agent in Egypt and a broker in Saudi Arabia. They felt that they had to go soon because, as Egypt’s currency loses value , their savings shrink every year, she said. Marwa asked to be identified only by her first name to avoid legal repercussions.

Several countries with large numbers of deceased pilgrims have moved quickly to contain the fallout.

On Friday, the president of Tunisia, which counted more than 50 pilgrims among the dead, fired the country’s religious affairs minister. In Jordan, which recorded the deaths of at least 99 pilgrims, the public prosecutor opened an investigation into illegal hajj routes. And in Egypt, the authorities said that they would revoke the licenses of 16 companies that issued visas to pilgrims without providing adequate services.

“There’s so much greed around this business,” said Iman Ahmed, a co-owner of El-Iman Tours in Cairo.

Ms. Ahmed said that she refused to send unregistered pilgrims on hajj packages but that other Egyptian tour operators and Saudi brokers made big money doing so.

One unregistered pilgrim who died was Safaa al-Tawab, a grandmother from the Egyptian city of Luxor, according to her brother, Ahmed al-Tawab. Ms. al-Tawab, 55, had not been able to obtain a hajj permit but found an Egyptian tour company to take her for around $3,000, he said.

Ms. al-Tawab did not realize that she was violating the rules when she traveled to Saudi Arabia, her brother said, and after she arrived, she told relatives that she had been put in inadequate housing and prevented from going outside. While the tour operator had promised air-conditioned buses to take the pilgrims around Mecca, she instead found herself walking for miles in the heat, Mr. al-Tawab said.

Before the hajj, the Saudi authorities posted billboards and sent a barrage of text messages reminding people that it is illegal to perform the pilgrimage without a permit; violators face fines, deportation and bans on re-entering the kingdom.

Entry to Mecca was barred weeks before hajj for visitors without permits. Yet many pilgrims were able to evade the restrictions, arriving in Mecca early and hiding out, or paying smugglers to ferry them into the city.

One Jordanian pilgrim, who asked to be identified only as Um Abdulrahman, a nickname, because she feared repercussions, said that she encountered several smugglers to help her move around Mecca, including one who charged around $200 to drive her into the city over a rocky mountain route. But she ended up walking for hours in the sun without access to water or bathrooms, she said.

At one point, the police briefly detained her group, wrote down their names and left them in the middle of nowhere, she said. Um Abdulrahman, 49, said she knew her journey was illegal, but that she had not fully grasped the risks.

Even for the young and fit, the hajj is a physically challenging event, and many pilgrims are elderly or ailing by the time they can make the journey. Some believe that the hajj might be their final rite, and that dying in Mecca will confer great blessings.

The Saudi government deploys measures to reduce the effects of extreme heat, including spraying pilgrims with mists of water. One recent study estimated that the incidence of heat stroke at hajj had actually declined — although the researchers warned that could shift as worsening heat caused by climate change outpaces measures to mitigate it.

Abdulhalim Dahir, 31, a Kenyan pilgrim who made the hajj with his brother and father using official permits, said that his journey was smooth, with air-conditioned tents, air-conditioned buses and easy access to water.

“It was an amazing experience — once in a lifetime,” he said.

But even some who were in Mecca legally complained about inadequate facilities for the heat.

Makhdoom Ali, 36, a Pakistani computer engineer who traveled there with his 65-year-old mother, said he had seen several pilgrims collapse from heat exhaustion with no immediate assistance available.

“Many lives could have been saved with better government arrangements,” Mr. Ali said.

Mr. al-Jalajel, the health minister, said that one quarter of the health services provided during hajj were rendered to undocumented pilgrims. “We look at them as a pilgrim, regardless of their permit, race or nationality,” he said.

Among the dead were at least two Americans.

Isatu Wurie, 65, and Alieu Wurie, 71 — Maryland residents — had saved for years to make the pilgrimage, paying $23,000 to a local tour operator, said their daughter, Saida Wurie.

But after they arrived in Mecca, the operator told them to stay in their hotel until permits were issued for them, they told their daughter. Her parents were frustrated because they had believed they were going “by the book,” Ms. Wurie said.

They were still able to perform some of the initial rituals of hajj, and they were “so excited to see the Kaaba,” she said — the cubic structure that Muslims believe was the first house of worship.

The last message she received from her mother said that a bus to take them to one of the sites had not arrived, and that they had been walking for two hours instead.

Despite her frustration at the tour operator, as well as the difficulty of locating their bodies — buried in Mecca — Ms. Wurie believes her parents were filled with joy in their final days.

“They died doing exactly what they wanted to do,” she said. “They’ve always wanted to make it to hajj.”

Hager ElHakeem, Rana F. Sweis , Zia ur-Rehman , Saif Hasnat , Mujib Mashal , Safak Timur , Aida Alami and Muktita Suhartono contributed reporting.

Vivian Nereim is the lead reporter for The Times covering the countries of the Arabian Peninsula. She is based in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. More about Vivian Nereim

World News | More than 1,300 people died during Hajj, many…

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World News | More than 1,300 people died during Hajj, many of them after walking in the scorching heat

Muslim pilgrims use umbrellas to shield themselves from the sun as they arrive to cast stones at pillars in the symbolic stoning of the devil, the last rite of the annual hajj, in Mina, near the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, Tuesday, June 18,

Saudi Health Minister Fahd bin Abdurrahman Al-Jalajel said that 83% of the 1,301 fatalities were unauthorized pilgrims who walked long distances in soaring temperatures to perform the Hajj rituals in and around the holy city of Mecca.

Speaking with the state-owned Al Ekhbariya TV, the minister said 95 pilgrims were being treated in hospitals, some of whom were airlifted for treatment in the capital, Riyadh. He said the identification process was delayed because there were no identification documents with many of the dead pilgrims.

He said the dead were buried in Mecca, without giving a breakdown.

The fatalities included more than 660 Egyptians. All but 31 of them were unauthorized pilgrims, according to two officials in Cairo. Egypt has revoked the licenses of 16 travel agencies that helped unauthorized pilgrims travel to Saudi Arabia, authorities said.

The officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to brief journalists, said most of the dead were reported at the Emergency Complex in Mecca’s Al-Muaisem neighborhood. Egypt sent more than 50,000 authorized pilgrims to Saudi Arabia this year.

Saudi authorities cracked down on unauthorized pilgrims, expelling tens of thousands of people. But many, mostly Egyptians, managed to reach holy sites in and around Mecca, some on foot. Unlike authorized pilgrims, they had no hotels to return to to escape the scorching heat.

In a statement Saturday, Egypt’s government said the 16 travel agencies failed to provide adequate services for pilgrims. It said these agencies illegally facilitated the travel of pilgrims to Saudi Arabia using visas that don’t allow holders to travel to Mecca.

The government also said officials from the companies have been referred to the public prosecutor for investigation.

According to the state-owned Al-Ahram daily, some travel agencies and Hajj trip operators sold Saudi tourist visas to Egyptian Hajj hopefuls, violating Saudi regulations which require exclusive visas for pilgrims. Those agencies left pilgrims in limbo in Mecca and the holy sites in scorching heat, the newspaper said.

The fatalities also included 165 pilgrims from Indonesia, 98 from India and dozens more from Jordan, Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria and Malaysia, according to an Associated Press tally. Two U.S. citizens were also reported dead.

The AP could not independently confirm the causes of death, but some countries like Jordan and Tunisia blamed the soaring heat. AP journalists saw pilgrims fainting from the scorching heat, especially on the second and third days of the Hajj. Some vomited and collapsed.

Bowie husband and wife die on Hajj to Mecca during heat wave

Historically, deaths are not uncommon at the Hajj, which has seen at times over 2 million people travel to Saudi Arabia for a five-day pilgrimage. The pilgrimage’s history has also seen deadly stampedes and epidemics.

But this year’s tally was unusually high, suggesting exceptional circumstances.

In 2015 a stampede in Mina killed over 2,400 pilgrims, the deadliest incident ever to strike the pilgrimage, according to an AP count. Saudi Arabia has never acknowledged the full toll of the stampede. A separate crane collapse at Mecca’s Grand Mosque earlier the same year killed 111.

The second-deadliest incident at the Hajj was a 1990 stampede that killed 1,426 people.

During this year’s Hajj period, daily high temperatures ranged between 117 degrees and 120 degrees in Mecca and sacred sites in and around the city, according to the Saudi National Center for Meteorology. Some people fainted while trying to perform the symbolic stoning of the devil.

The Hajj, one of the five pillars of Islam, is one of the world’s largest religious gatherings. More than 1.83 million Muslims performed the Hajj in 2024, including more than 1.6 million from 22 countries, and around 222,000 Saudi citizens and residents, according to the Saudi Hajj authorities.

Saudi Arabia has spent billions of dollars on crowd control and safety measures for those attending the annual five-day pilgrimage, but the sheer number of participants makes it difficult to ensure their safety.

Climate change could make the risk even greater. A 2019 study by experts at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology found that even if the world succeeds in mitigating the worst effects of climate change, the Hajj would be held in temperatures exceeding an “extreme danger threshold” from 2047 to 2052, and from 2079 to 2086.

Islam follows a lunar calendar, so the Hajj comes around 11 days earlier each year. By 2029, the Hajj will occur in April, and for several years after that it will fall in the winter, when temperatures are milder.

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