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I am visiting the U.S. and I want to come to Canada. Do I need an eTA?

Help Centre what do you need help with?

Most travellers need a visitor visa or an eTA to travel to, or transit through, Canada.

What you need depends on:

  • the type of travel document you will travel with;
  • the country that issued your travel document;
  • your nationality; and
  • how you will travel to Canada.

Before you apply , find out what you need .

New entry requirement now in effect

Visa-exempt foreign nationals need an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to fly to or transit through Canada by air. Exceptions include U.S. citizens and travellers with a valid Canadian visa. Canadian citizens, including dual citizens , and Canadian permanent residents cannot apply for an eTA.

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Answers others found useful

  • Do I need a visa to visit Canada?
  • Do I need a Canadian visa if I have a United States visa?
  • How do I apply for an eTA for travel to Canada?
  • Do I need a visa if I am travelling through Canada without stopping or visiting?
  • How do I help a family member or friend apply to visit Canada?
  • I am travelling with my minor child without my spouse. What documents must I present?
  • What’s the difference between a visitor visa and a visitor record?
  • Do I need to apply for both a visitor visa and an eTA?

Come to Canada

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Glossary term

  • Admissibility

Temporary Resident Visas (Visitor Visas) For Canada

Canada welcomes millions of temporary residents each year. except for canadian citizens and permanent residents, all other individuals require permission to enter canada as a visitor. this canadavisa page provides an overview of whether you need a temporary resident visa to enter canada..

Get a Free Legal Consultation

Table of Contents

Countries with conditional eligibility.

  • Country Checklist

Frequently Asked Questions

Unless they are citizens of a visa-exempt country , individuals who wish to enter Canada for a temporary purpose, such as tourists, temporary foreign workers (individuals with work permits ) and international students (individuals on study permits ) must apply for and be granted a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) .

  • To find out if you need a TRV before departure to Canada, click here .

Citizens of visa-exempt countries intending to travel to Canada by air are expected to have applied for an obtained an electronic Travel Authorization (eTA)  before their departure to Canada. Exceptions to this include citizens of the United States, who do not require a TRV or an electronic Travel Authorization (eTA), and Green Card holders in the United States, who need an eTA to come to Canada, regardless of their nationality. Unless otherwise exempt from the requirement to obtain a TRV or an eTA, individuals who require a TRV do not require an eTA, and vice versa.

The TRV is a document issued by a Canadian Immigration Visa Office outside Canada, showing that the holder has satisfied the requirements for admission to Canada as a visitor. TRVs may be for single entry or multiple entry. As a general rule, tourists are admitted for a period of six months. Temporary foreign workers and international students are admitted for varying periods of time, as determined on a case-by-case basis. Extensions may be applied for from within Canada.

It is important to note that possession of a valid TRV does not necessarily mean that the Officer at the Canadian Port of Entry will admit the visitor into Canada. At the Port of Entry, all visitors must demonstrate that the purpose of their visit to Canada is of a temporary nature. Officers at the Port of Entry will deny admission to all persons who, in their opinion, do not intend to leave Canada at the expiry of their visitor status.

Items to note:

  • Certain applicants may need to undergo a medical examination. This pertains to some individuals who intend to remain in Canada and have recently visited certain countries, as well as persons who intend to work in certain occupations in Canada. To learn more, click here .
  • Criminality and medical issues  may prevent a visitor from entering Canada.
  • Visitors to Canada must be able to prove their ability to support themselves during their intended temporary stay in Canada.
  • Citizens of certain countries may need to provide biometric information. To learn which countries this applies to, click here .

Citizens of some countries may be eligible for an eTA if they meet all three of the following conditions. If not they will have to pursue a TRV to travel to Canada. 

To be eligible for an eTA these travellers must:

  • The U.S. nonimmigrant visa must be valid on the day that an individual applies for their eTA, but doesn’t need to be valid when they travel to Canada.
  • be coming to Canada for a short visit, business or tourist activity (normally for stays of up to 6 months); and
  • arriving to Canada by air, or transiting through a Canadian airport using a valid passport from one of the eligible visa-required countries. 

These conditional eligibility rules for an eTA apply to citizens of the following (visa-required) countries:

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Philippines
  • St. Kitts and Nevis
  • St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Trinidad and Tobago

Country Checklist: Temporary Resident Visas

TRVs are required for citizens of certain countries. The chart below outlines which individuals require a TRV and which individuals need an eTA in order to enter Canada.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

1. What is a Temporary Resident Visa?

Canadian citizens and Canadian permanent residents have the right to enter Canada freely. Other visitors to Canada, including tourists , students , and workers , may need a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to enter Canada.

2. Does everyone planning to visit Canada require a Temporary Resident Visa?

No. You do not need a Temporary Resident Visa to visit Canada if you are from a visa-exempt country. In this case, a visa-exempt person flying to Canada would need to apply for and obtain an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) before boarding his or her flight. If traveling to Canada over land, a visa-exempt person does not need either a TRV or an eTA.

Citizens from all other countries must apply for a Temporary Resident Visa before entering Canada, unless otherwise exempt.

Use our Visiting Canada Tool to determine what you need to do before traveling to Canada.

3. Do I need a Study Permit if I plan to study in Canada?

If your studies will last less than six months in Canada, then no Study Permit is required. Any studies beyond six months require a Study Permit, in addition to a Temporary Resident Visa, if you are not from a visa-exempt country .

4. How do I qualify for a Work Permit to work in Canada?

There are many ways to qualify for a Work Permit . In some situations, the Canadian employer must demonstrate that they were unable to find Canadian citizens or Canadian permanent residents to fill the position.

5. What can I do if my application for a TRV is refused?

If your TRV application is refused, there is no formal appeal process. In addition, you may only reapply if your situation has changed substantially or you have considerable new information to submit.

6. What can I do to help a friend or family member obtain a TRV to visit Canada?

If your friend or family member requires a TRV to visit Canada, their initial application must be made outside the country, at the visa office responsible for the applicant's country or region. You may provide them with a Letter of Invitation, explaining how you will help the person to visit Canada. For example, you may state that you will pay for plane tickets or accommodation. While a Letter of Invitation may help a TRV application, it does not guarantee that the person will receive a visa.

7. What documents are required for the application?

In addition to the application forms and required fees, you will need to submit photos, proof of financial support, a photocopy of your return ticket or travel itinerary (if applicable), and any other documents required by the visa office responsible for your country or region.

8. I am a US resident with a Green Card. Do I need to apply for a TRV?

No. You may simply present your passport and your valid Green Card at the Canadian border if traveling over land. If you are flying into Canada, you would need an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA).

9. Can I fill out one application for my family if we are traveling together?

No, each family member must complete and sign the required forms. Parents or guardians may help their children fill out the forms, and will need to sign for any children under the age of 18. All the applications can be submitted in one envelope, with one payment receipt for the total fee for all applications.

10. How long can I stay in Canada on my TRV?

If there is no stamp, handwritten date or document in your passport indicating an expiry date, your status as a temporary resident will expire six months from the day you arrive in Canada.

11. How can I extend my stay?

You may apply online or using a paper application to extend your status as a temporary resident. You should submit your application for an extended stay in Canada at least 30 days before your status expires. If your temporary resident status expires after you submit your application for an extension but before you receive a decision on the application, you may remain in Canada under maintained status . This status lasts until a decision is made on your new application.

12. Can I study in Canada on my TRV?

In general, international students require a study permit to pursue an educational program in Canada. However, there are several exceptions to this rule. If your program in Canada is less than six months in duration you do not require a study permit, although it may be a good idea to apply for one in case you decide to continue your studies. As well, you may study in Canada without a study permit if you are a family member or staff member of a foreign representative accredited by Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. You should contact your embassy in Canada for more information. In addition, if you are a member of a foreign armed force under the Visiting Forces Act, you will not be required to obtain a study permit. If your family members wish to study in Canada, they must meet the requirements. Finally, if you are in Canada on a work permit or student visa, your minor children can study at the secondary or elementary level. They must first enter Canada on a visitor visa.

13. Can I work in Canada on my TRV?

As a general rule, a foreign national must obtain a Work Permit in order to work in Canada, although there are some exceptions.

14. Do I need a TRV to come to Canada on business?

If you are from a country that requires a visa to visit Canada, you will need to apply for a TRV just like any other visitor to Canada. The application is the same as for a visitor visa. For more information, please visit our page on Business Visitors .

Contact the Cohen Immigration Law Firm for Assistance

Do you need professional assistance getting Canadian TRV? The Cohen Immigration Law Firm can help. We offer over 45 years of Canadian immigration expertise.

Please complete our short form to submit your question directly to our law firm. One of our lawyers will contact you to schedule a free telephone consultation.

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Who can apply

On this page, who can get a visa, some people are not allowed to enter canada, minor children travelling to canada.

You must meet some basic requirements to get a visitor visa.

  • have a valid travel document , like a passport
  • be in good health
  • have no criminal or immigration-related convictions
  • convince an immigration officer that you have ties—such as a job, home, financial assets or family—that will take you back to your home country
  • convince an immigration officer that you will leave Canada at the end of your visit
  • The amount of money you will need depends on how long you will stay and if you will stay in a hotel, or with friends or relatives.

You may also need a medical exam and letter of invitation from someone who lives in Canada.

Check the list of documents you need based on your situation .

Some people are inadmissible to Canada, which means they are not allowed to enter the country. You can be inadmissible for several reasons, including being involved in:

  • criminal activity
  • human rights violations
  • organized crime

You can also be inadmissible for security, health or financial reasons. Find out more about inadmissibility .

Make sure you know what to do if your minor children (children under the age of 18) will be travelling with you, with someone else, or alone.

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    If you need a visitor visa to travel to Canada, you must apply online for one. Only online applications will be accepted and processed. However, you can apply on paper if:

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    Apply for your visitor visa, study permit or work permit. If you want to visit, study or work in Canada, make sure you’re eligible to apply. Use our application guides to help fill out your application properly, then submit your application. Avoid processing delays by sending us a complete application. 2.

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    How to apply. Prepare documents and apply for a visitor visa. After you apply. Biometrics, processing, and documents before your arrival. Prepare for your arrival. When you arrive and entry to Canada. Features. Check if your representative is authorized.

  4. U.S. and I want to come to Canada. Do I need an eTA?">I am visiting the U.S. and I want to come to Canada. Do I need an...

    Most travellers need a visitor visa or an eTA to travel to, or transit through, Canada. What you need depends on: the type of travel document you will travel with; the country that issued your travel document; your nationality; and. how you will travel to Canada. Before you apply, find out what you need.

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    Apply for a visitor visa. What a visitor visa is, eligibility and how to apply. Apply for an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) What an eTA is, eligibility and how to apply online. Visit your children or grandchildren. Eligibility and how to apply for a visa that lets you stay with family in Canada for up to 2 years at a time.

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    Except for Canadian citizens and permanent residents, all other individuals require permission to enter Canada as a visitor. This CanadaVisa page provides an overview of whether you need a Temporary Resident Visa to enter Canada. Get a Free Legal Consultation.

  9. apply for a visitor visa - Canada.ca">Eligibility to apply for a visitor visa - Canada.ca

    You must: have a valid travel document, like a passport. be in good health. have no criminal or immigration-related convictions. convince an immigration officer that you have ties—such as a job, home, financial assets or family—that will take you back to your home country.

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    Most people need a visa or an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to travel to Canada - not both. Some people may only need their valid passport. Answer a few questions to see what's right for you.